Building an Accessible Digital Institution
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Slides for a workshop session on "Building an Accessible Digital Institution" facilitated by Brian Kelly, Innovation Advocate, Cetis at the Cetis conference held at the University of Bolton on 17-18 ...

Slides for a workshop session on "Building an Accessible Digital Institution" facilitated by Brian Kelly, Innovation Advocate, Cetis at the Cetis conference held at the University of Bolton on 17-18 June 2014.

See http://www.slideshare.net/Thebriankelly/building-an-accessible-digital-institution

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Building an Accessible Digital Institution Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Building an Accessible Digital Institution Brian Kelly Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: ukwebfocus@gmail.com Twitter: @briankelly Blog: http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Cetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/cetis-2014-accessibility/ Cetis 2014 conference, 17-18 June 2014
  • 2. About Me Brian Kelly: • Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton • Was UK Web Focus at UKOLN, University of Bath • Professional interests include web accessibility, web standards, social media, web preservation, … Selection of Web Accessibility publications: • Developing A Holistic Approach For E-Learning Accessibility, Kelly, B., Phipps, L. and Swift, E., 2004 • Holistic Approaches to E-Learning Accessibility, Phipps, L. and Kelly, B., 2006 • Accessibility 2.0: People, Policies and Processes, Kelly, B. et al, 2007 • A Challenge to Web Accessibility Metrics and Guidelines: Putting People and Processes First, Cooper, M. et al, 2012 Introduction 2
  • 3. About This Session Subject to change 3 Introduction Time Title Who Building an Accessible Digital Institution: What Can We Do Today? 09.15 Introduction BK 09.30 The Context BK 09.45 Group Discussion All 10.40 Review All 10.45 Coffee break Looking to the Future 11.45 Introduction BK 11.50 Reflections and Directions AH 12.20 Further thoughts All 12.40 Conclusions BK 12.45 Finish Opportunities for additional presentations
  • 4. About You Briefly describe: • Your name, institution and responsibilities • Your interests in accessibility • What you hope to gain from this session 4 Introduction
  • 5. The WAI Perspective • xx 5 WebAccessibility
  • 6. How WCAG’s four core principles 6 WebAccessibility
  • 7. WebAccessibility University Accessibility Policy University accessibility policies are often linked to from all corporate pages (e.g. at http://www.foo.ac.uk/accessibility) 7
  • 8. WebAccessibility University Accessibility Policy University accessibility policies are often linked to from all corporate pages (e.g. at http://www.foo.ac.uk/accessibility) 8
  • 9. University Accessibility Policy University accessibility policies are often linked to from all corporate pages (e.g at http://www.foo.ac.uk/accessibility) 9 WebAccessibility
  • 10. In addition: • Conformance is binary: no notion of reasonable measures • Is “just-in-case accessibility” always desirable? • See limitations in “Forcing Standardization or Accommodating Diversity? A Framework for Applying the WCAG in the Real World” WCAG’s Limitations But WCAG approach has limitations: • Is dependent on browsers which conform with UAAG (what to do with legacy browsers?) • Is dependent on authoring tools which conform with ATAG • Needs to be applied to all formats (not just HTML) 10 WCAGLimitations
  • 11. Content Must Be Understandable? One of WCAG’s key principles: “Information and the operation of user interface must be understandable” 11 Which is the cancerous cell? WCAGLimitations
  • 12. Content Must Be Understandable? One of WCAG’s key principles: “Content and controls must be understandable” 12 What does this convey? Man against snow, Austrian Tirol 1974, reproduced with permission of the photographer: Professor Paul Hill WebAccessibility
  • 13. Content Must Be Understandable? One of WCAG’s key principles: “Content and controls must be understandable” 13 What does this convey? Man against snow, Austrian Tirol 1974, reproduced with permission of the photographer: Professor Paul Hill What does it man to “understand” a surrealist painting? The Great Masturbator, S. Dali WCAGLimitations
  • 14. Teaching and Learning Challenges Furthermore: • Assumes accessibility is a function of the digital resource • We have argued “web accessibility is not an intrinsic characteristic of a digital resource but is determined by complex political, social and other contextual factors, as well as technical aspects which are the focus of WAI standardisation activities” 14 Kelly, Phipps and others (2004-2007): • Importance is accessibility of learning objectives, not learning resource • May be several alternatives, including real-world alternative • “Blended accessibility for blended learning” ContextualApproaches
  • 15. Challenges in E-Learning What policies and processes do we need for: • VLEs • MOOCs • Provision of and access to learning resources • Advertising courses • Course administration • Assessment • … 15 Challenges
  • 16. MOOCs: What Is To Be Done? Policies and practices for accessibility of MOOCs is needed. What should be done? • WCAG statement: all resources on this MOOC conform with WCAG AA • WCAG aspiration: we will try to ensure that all resources on this MOOC conform with WCAG AA • Something else: But what? 16 Challenges
  • 17. What Is Being Done? Hyperlinked Library MOOC 17 Challenges
  • 18. What Is Being Done? Hyperlinked Library MOOC 18
  • 19. MOOC Resources MOOC resources: • Produced in-house, following in-house production guidelines • Found online and used based on selection criteria 19 Challenges
  • 20. BS 8878 BS 8878: • A British Standard Code of Practice • A framework that allows definition of the process undertaken by organisations to build or procure an optimally accessible web site 20 What is to be done? • WCAG conformance statement • WCAG aspiration • Evaluate benefits which use of BS 8878 could provide?
  • 21. BS 878 In 88 Seconds Summary by Jonathan Hassell: see blog post and transcript 21https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJ4MRCyMTRQ BS8878
  • 22. BS 8878 BS 8878: • a framework that allows definition of the process undertaken by organisations to build or procure an optimally accessible web site 22 What is to be done? • WCAG conformance statement • WCAG aspiration • Evaluate benefits which use of BS 8878 could provide? For you to decide!
  • 23. Further Information Video & slides of talk on "BS 8878 & the Holistic Approaches to Web Accessibility", CETIS Accessibility SIG, Feb 2011 23 I said: … still requires “conformance with WCAG 1.0”! http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/meetings/cetis-accessibility-sig-2011-02/ NB: auto captions emerged over time. To what extend might developments in the future help?
  • 24. Group Activity Some questions: • Is BS 8878 relevant? • How can it be used? • How should we go about using BS 8878? 24
  • 25. Questions? Any questions, comments, …? 25
  • 26. This presentation, “Building an Accessible Digital Institution” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found. 26 Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/cetis-2014-accessibility/ Licence and Additional Resources