Accessibility 2.0: People, Policies and Processes Brian Kelly UKOLN University of Bath Bath, UK UKOLN is supported by: Co-Authors: David Sloan, Stephen Brown, Jane Seale, Helen Petrie, Patrick Lauke and Simon Ball http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/conferences/w4a-2007/ This work is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 licence (but note caveat) Acceptable Use Policy Recording/broadcasting of this talk, taking photographs, discussing the content using email, instant messaging, blogs, SMS, etc. is permitted providing distractions to others is minimised. Resources bookmarked using ‘ w4a-2007 ' tag
WAI model relies on conformant Web sites, conformant authoring tools, conformant user agents
… and conformant users!
A common complaint of “standardistas” – “ the user needs to take responsibility… ”
There is value in this argument – but there are practical shortcomings
And user technophobia/laziness/lethargy is only one obstacle
How many users know they are “disabled”?
WAI’s Limitations Also note increasing importance of evidence-based research. Various UK accessibility studies seem to find that lack of evidence of accessibility of Web sites for PWDs and conformance with WCAG guidelines!
Accessibility for information / factual resources is easy
Accessibility for edge cases (learning, culture):
Needed to allow providers of Web-based cultural services to enhance accessibility
Generic model will provide broader framework for variety of Web uses
Universal Accessibility? Normal Cancer Man against snow, Austrian Tirol 1974, reproduced with permission of the photographer: Professor Paul Hill The Great Masturbator by Salvador Dali (1929) The Duck-Rabbit CRAFT BREWERY
“ Why PDFs of research papers? What about accessibility?”
“ Important battle is open access. Let’s not add extra complexities.”
Open access is important (and PDF is easy) but let’s also:
Engage with various stakeholders (incl. publishers)
Develop (holistic) policies
Explore other options to enhance accessibility
And I found Scribd – a Web 2.0 services which creates MP3 from MS Word/PDF
The Cathedral & The Bazaar 2.0 Blended learning E-learning Focus on the journey Clear destination (AAA) Accessibility as a process Accessibility as a thing Social model Medical model Accessibility as a bazaar Accessibility as a cathedral Context to testing Objective testing Blended solutions IT solution Testing in context Remote testing Rapid response Slow-moving Variety of solutions Single solution Devolved Centralised Proposed Approach WAI Approach