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Max solomon yiddish culture in eastern europe - revised Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Max Solomon Presents
      • Yiddish Culture in
      • Eastern Europe
  • 2. Poland
    • My Great-Grandmother, Dina, was born in a shtetl near Lodz, Poland in 1911
    • She left Poland in 1917 to come to America
    • She travelled to America on a boat
  • 3. Where is Poland?
    • Poland is located in Eastern Europe
    • The borders of Poland have changed many times over the years as a result of wars in Europe
  • 4. The Shtetl
    • “ Shtetl” means “little town,” and generally is used to refer to a small town or village with a large Jewish population in Eastern or Central Europe before World War II
    Early 20 th Century postcard showing a typical shtetl street scene in Poland A more modern picture of a typical shtetl street
  • 5. My Great-Grandmother in Poland
    • This is a picture of my Great-Grandmother when she was 6 years old
    • The people with her are her two older brothers and her mother
  • 6. Ellis Island
    • When my Great-Grandmother came to America, she came in through Ellis Island
    • Ellis Island is located in New York Harbor
    • Between 1880 and 1930, about 20 million immigrants entered America through Ellis Island
      • Ellis Island between
      • 1900 and 1910
  • 7. Ellis Island (cont.)
    • The immigrants who had first or second class cabins on the steamships underwent medical and legal inspections on the boats
    • The poorest passengers, who travelled to America in third class (also called “steerage”) were examined in Ellis Island’s Great Hall
    The Great Hall at Ellis Island before 1916
  • 8. My Great-Grandmother in America
    • My Great-Grandmother settled in Chicago, Illinois when she came to the United States This is a picture of my Great-Grandmother holding her younger brother
  • 9. Language
    • Polish is the main language spoken in Poland today
    • In the early 1900’s many Eastern European Jews spoke Yiddish
    • Poland is near Germany
    • My Great-Grandmother spoke Polish, Yiddish and English, and also understood German
  • 10. The Yiddish Alphabet
  • 11. What Does Yiddish Sound Like?
      • At the fireplace
      • (Yiddish Translation)
      • At the fireplace a little fire burns
      • And in the room it's warm.
      • And the Rabbi teaches little children
      • the aleph-bet
      • See you children-dear,
      • remember dear, what you're learning here.
      • Say once again, and then once again,
      • "Komets-alef: o!“
      • Children, learn with happiness,
      • learn the aleph-bet.
      • Lucky is the Jew who knows the Torah.
      • and the aleph-bet.
  • 12. Klezmer Music
    • Klezmer is a type of traditional Jewish music that has its roots in Eastern Europe
    • Klezmer bands usually include violins, clarinets, trumpets and drums, but other instruments may also be played in a Klezmer band
  • 13. Klezmer Music
  • 14. Modern Klezmer Music
    • Klezmer is experiencing a resurgence of popularity today
    • Klezmer can be played by children and adults
    • My dad played in the adult band of the Westchester Klezmer Program
  • 15. The End