Uploaded on


  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Evolution of “The Public Sphere” Discussion Leader: Lisa Hanchinamani Information from article: “The Net as Public Sphere?” By: Mark Poster
  • 2. Public Opinions were First Expressed in:
    • Churches
    • Coffee houses
    • Town Halls
    • Required face-to face interaction and public opinions were formed
  • 3. We then moved to…
    • Radio
    • Television
    • These new forms isolated people
  • 4. And Now….
    • The Internet
  • 5. Claim
    • “ Internet newsgroups and other virtual communities are being promoted as nascent public spheres that will renew democracy in the 21st century. But these claims are fundamentally misguided: they overlook the profound differences between Internet "cafés" and the agoras of the past.
    • Disembodied exchange of video text is not a substitute for face-to-face meeting - it has its own logic, its own ways of forming opinion. These attributes will powerfully affect the politics that emerge in our digital era.”
  • 6. Early Western Civilization
    • People talked as equals
    • Status difference wasn’t too important
    • Rational arguments prevailed
    • Goal= consensus
  • 7. Online World
    • People talk as equals but:
    • Rational argument rarely prevails
    • Achieving consensus is nearly impossible
    • Dissent is encouraged
    • Poster believes the Online World doesn’t share the characteristics of western civilization’s “public sphere”, and therefore the Internet is NOT a new public sphere, but a whole new concept that will radically change democracy.
    • “ We must remember that the Net is something entirely new, and its effects on democratic politics can't be predicted using historical precedent.”
  • 8. Why This Difference?— Identity Construction
    • Traditionally,
    • Identity was rooted in the physical body causing individuals to be accountable for what they say. It allowed trust to be built amongst people.
    • The Internet
    • Allows individuals to define their own identities and change them whenever to whatever.
  • 9. New Effects=Unpredictable
    • The Internet:
    • Threatens the government
    • -unmonitored conversations
    • Mocks private property
    • -reproducibility of information
    • Flaunts moral propriety
    • -dissemination of pornography
  • 10. Discussion….
    • Poster says “the technology of the Internet shouldn’t be viewed as a new form of public sphere. The challenge is to understand how the networked future might be different from what we have known.”
    • Do you agree?? Is the Internet a “public sphere?” Why or why not?
    • Your own questions….???