Endocrine System Disfunctions

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Endocrine System Disfunctions

  1. 1. 4.03 Remember the structures ofthe endocrine system1
  2. 2. 4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine systemWhat are the structures of theendocrine system?4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system2
  3. 3. Endo-Ductless, go through theblood streamExo-Gland must go through aductThese include sweat,salivary, lacrimal, andpancreas.4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system3
  4. 4. 4.03 Remember the structures ofthe endocrine systemGland--any organ that produces asecretion called hormones-ductless-only act on target cells4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system4
  5. 5. The Pituitary GlandThe Master GlandSize of a grapeLocated at the base of the brain4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system5
  6. 6. The Pituitary GlandThe pituitary gland andits hormones (pg. 202)Anterior lobePosterior lobe4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system6
  7. 7. Pineal GlandPinecone shaped organattached to the roof ofthe 3rd ventricle of thebrain.Produces Melatonin.4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system7
  8. 8. Thyroid GlandButterfly shapedLocated in the anteriorneck on either side of thelarynx, over the trachea4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system8
  9. 9. Parathyroid GlandsFour glandsSize of a grain of riceAttached to the posteriorthyroid4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system9
  10. 10. Thymus GlandServes both the endocrinesystem and the lymphaticsystemLocated under the sternumLarge during childhood butatrophy with age.4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system10
  11. 11. Adrenal GlandThere are two adrenal glands.One is located on top of eachkidney.Cortex – outsideMedulla – inside4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system11
  12. 12. PancreasLocated behind thestomachBoth an endocrine andexocrine glandThe endocrine portionis the Islets ofLangerhans4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system12
  13. 13. GonadsSex glandsTestes (male)4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system13
  14. 14. GonadsSex glands:Ovaries (female)4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system14
  15. 15. 4.03 Remember Structures of theendocrine systemWhat are the structures of theendocrine system?4.03 Remember the structures of theendocrine system15
  16. 16. 4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders oftheENDOCRINE SYSTEM4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  17. 17. 4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders oftheENDOCRINE SYSTEMWhat are the functions of the endocrinesystem?What are some disorders of the endocrinesystem?How do you relate the body’s hormones to theendocrine system?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  18. 18. Functions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMGlandsWhat do they do?Target Organ/CellsWhat are they?HormonesWhat do they do?How do they get towhere they need to go?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  19. 19. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMGlands secretehormonesHormones What are they? What are someexamples of targetorgans/cells?
  20. 20. HormonesChemical messengers which coordinate anddirect the activities of target cells and organs.TARGET ORGANS?The organ will depend on the hormone besecreted4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  21. 21. Functions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMHormone ControlNervous System Sympathetic nervoussystem:How does it effect theendocrine system?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  22. 22. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMHormone ControlWhat is negative feedback?
  23. 23. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMAdrenal cortexCorticoids:What is the function ofcorticoids?Androgens:What do androgens do?Who has them?
  24. 24. Functions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMAdrenal medullaEpinephrine:How does epinephrineeffect the body?Norepinephrine:Compare epinephrine tonorepinephrine.4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  25. 25. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMGonadsOvaries (female)Estrogen:What does it do?Progesterone:What does it do?Compare the function ofestrogen to progesterone.
  26. 26. Functions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMGonadsTestes (male)Testosterone:What is the function oftestosterone?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  27. 27. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMParathyroid GlandsParathormoneWhat does parathormonedo?
  28. 28. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPancreas(Islets of Langerhans)Insulin What does insulin do? What factors influence itsproduction? What is its relevance toyour health?
  29. 29. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary Gland (Master Gland)Two Lobes (Anterior and Posterior)
  30. 30. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary gland(Anterior Lobe)Adrenocorticotropichormone (ACTH)What is the function of ACTH?Follicle-stimulatinghormone (FSH)Discuss the function of FSH.
  31. 31. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary gland(Anterior Lobe)Growth hormoneWhat does it do?Luteinizing hormone (LH)What does it do?
  32. 32. Functions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary gland(Anterior Lobe)ProlactinWhat is the function of prolactin?Thyroid-stimulatinghormone (TSH)What is the function of TSH?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  33. 33. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary gland(Posterior Lobe)VasopressinWhat does it do?OxytocinWhat does it do?
  34. 34. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMThymus GlandT-lymphocyte productionWhat are they?What do they do?
  35. 35. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemFunctions of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMThyroid GlandThyroxineWhat does thyroxinedo?CalcitoninWhat is the function ofcalcitonin?
  36. 36. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  37. 37. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMAdrenal CortexAddisons diseaseWhat is the cause of Addison’sdisease?What are the most commonsymptoms of Addison’sdisease?How is Addison’s diseasetreated?
  38. 38. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMAdrenal CortexCushings SyndromeWhat is a syndrome?What are some commonsymptoms of Cushing’ssyndrome?How is Cushing’s syndrometreated?Compare the before and afterpictures at the right.BeforeAfter
  39. 39. Disorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMAdrenal GlandsSteroid Abusein SportsWhat are the risks?MalesFemalesWhy is it illegal?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  40. 40. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPancreasDiabetes MellitusWhat is the normal bloodsugar range?What are the most commonsymptoms?Define these terms:polyuriapolyphagiapolydipsia
  41. 41. Disorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPancreasDiabetes Mellitus(Type I)How is it treated?What age group is mostcommonly effected?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  42. 42. Disorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPancreasDiabetes Type IICompare Type I to Type IIdiabetesHow is Type II diabetes treated?Discuss some of the complicationsof diabetes?Why does this happen?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  43. 43. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary GlandAcromegalyCompare acromegaly togigantism.How is acromegaly treated?
  44. 44. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary GlandGrowth HormoneDeficiency(childhood)What are some commonsymptoms?How is it treated?Why is important to treat itearly?
  45. 45. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMPituitary GlandGigantismWhat causes gigantism?What are the symptoms?How is it treated?
  46. 46. Disorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMParathyroidTetany(hypoparathyroid):What are the symptoms?What are the treatments?Discuss complications oftetany.4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system
  47. 47. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMThyroid GlandHyperthyroidismWhat does hyper- mean?Discuss the symptoms ofhyperthyroidism.How is it treated?
  48. 48. 4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine systemDisorders of theENDOCRINE SYSTEMThyroid GlandHypothyroidismCompare hypo- to hyper-.Discuss the symptoms ofhypothyroidism.How is it treated?
  49. 49. 4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders oftheENDOCRINE SYSTEMWhat are the functions of the endocrine system?What are some disorders of the endocrine system?How do you relate the body’s hormones to theendocrine system?4.04 Understand the functions anddisorders of the endocrine system

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