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A PowerPoint presentation I gave in college. L@@K!!!!!

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  1. 1. Propaganda Techniques, and effects on your mind, biases, & behavior
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Propaganda surrounds us everywhere….. </li></ul><ul><li>Are YOUR thoughts your own? </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not just politics! </li></ul><ul><li>WELCOME </li></ul>
  3. 3. Topics of Discussion <ul><li>Define the word “Propaganda.” </li></ul><ul><li>Show many types…. </li></ul><ul><li>List examples…. </li></ul><ul><li>Media & propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>And a special interview with Wayne Cabot, radio news anchor with CBS Radio in New York City. </li></ul>
  4. 4. First of all, lets define propaganda. <ul><li>According to Webster’s Dictionary , the word propaganda is defined as, “the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause or a person” or “ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one’s cause or to DAMAGE an opposing cause.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Name calling…. <ul><li>This technique links a person, idea or group to a negative symbol. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you feel if someone called you a name? </li></ul><ul><li>Commie </li></ul><ul><li>Fascist </li></ul><ul><li>Pig </li></ul><ul><li>Yuppie </li></ul><ul><li>Bum </li></ul><ul><li>Queer </li></ul><ul><li>Or TERRORIST! </li></ul><ul><li>This is exactly what the KKK does. Here are some headlines taken from the web site. </li></ul><ul><li>Abolish the KING Holiday </li></ul><ul><li>King was a sexual pervert </li></ul>
  6. 6. This is YOU! <ul><li>One person calls you a name…. </li></ul><ul><li>That person tells more people…. </li></ul><ul><li>All those people, tell their friends…. </li></ul><ul><li>Before you know it, you have a label attached to YOU! Whether it is true or not, you are now seen by your label and the stigma that it carries. Once this happens, it is very hard to break away from it. </li></ul><ul><li>Be very careful with your words and judgments of other people! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let your biases cloud your judgment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. FEAR propaganda… <ul><li>When a president of the United States warns us that disaster will result if we do not follow a particular course of action. </li></ul><ul><li>This has been used in every war we have been involved in. </li></ul><ul><li>This redirects attention away from the merits of a particular proposal and toward steps that can be taken to reduce the fear. </li></ul><ul><li>It makes us feel better because we are doing something to get rid of an evil thing. </li></ul><ul><li>Another example : Fred telling us we LOVE MAC and not WINDOWS in this class!! </li></ul>
  8. 8. The world of politics <ul><li>In the 1940’s, America changed the name of the War Department to the “Department of Defense”. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the Reagan Administration, the MX-Missile was renamed “The Peacekeeper”. </li></ul><ul><li>These are just two examples, the list is much larger. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Advertising propaganda… <ul><li>Tiger Woods on a cereal box, a “super model” promoting a certain line of cosmetics, or a celebrity appearing on a public service announcement. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes these people start by saying, ‘The President said…’ or ‘My doctor said…’ </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes this aids in their credibility of the person’s notion, but quite often it is used to MISLEAD people! </li></ul><ul><li>The most common misuse of this propaganda is citing individuals not qualified to make judgments about a particular issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Movie stars speaking out publicly for a party-line or president. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Media outlet propaganda… <ul><li>The most widely used! </li></ul><ul><li>Includes… </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Television </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>And the newspaper among other medias. </li></ul>
  11. 11. WCBS news anchor… Wayne Cabot stated, “If propaganda is defined simply as trying to convey one’s own spin on information, then there is no doubt it is all over radio and television news. But in all fairness, it is everywhere and anywhere information is being conveyed. Even the driest scientific journals relate information as seen through the scientist. Anything we say or write is filtered through the prism of our own biases and experiences.”
  12. 12. Band Wagon propaganda… <ul><li>Everyone else is doing it, why shouldn’t we? </li></ul><ul><li>This person would direct his appeal to groups already held together by a common tie such as.. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques could be fear, hatred, biases, convictions, or any type of emotion could be used. </li></ul><ul><li>He gets us to write letters & motivates us to contribute to his cause. </li></ul>
  13. 13. And finally…what does all this mean? <ul><li>Propaganda is truly all around us and impossible to avoid. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing it is extremely important if we do not want to be misled. </li></ul><ul><li>It forms out thoughts and changes our beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>The next time you hear the president speak, watch TV, or listen to the radio, judge for yourself if it’s the plain truth, or…. PROPAGANDA ! </li></ul>