BY:Lisa BrunCardiovascular disease is estimated to be the leading cause of deathand loss of disability-adjusted life years...
mortality caused by atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, especiallyat ages below 50 years. This phase is found in urba...
degeneration.The increasing prosperity of Latin American, South Asian, East Asianand Pacific nations on the other hand hav...
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Four Stages of Development and its Effect on the Heart’s Health

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Four Stages of Development and its Effect on the Heart’s Health

  1. 1. BY:Lisa BrunCardiovascular disease is estimated to be the leading cause of deathand loss of disability-adjusted life years worldwide. Although age-adjusted cardiovascular death rates have decreased in severaldeveloped countries, rates of this type of disease have risen greatly inlow-income and middle-income countries. A major part of the burdenis carried by such countries. Effective prevention needs a globalstrategy based on knowledge of the importance of risk factors forcardiovascular disease in different geographic regions and amongvarious ethnic groups.The high burdens of heart attack, heart failure (In French cardiaquesymptome)and other cardio vascular disease in developing countriescan be attributed to the increasing incidences of atheroscleroticdiseases, most likely caused by urbanization and higher risk factorlevels like obesity, diabetes, hypertension, etc., the relatively youngage at which they manifest, the large sizes of the population and thehigh proportion of young adults and middle-aged individuals in thesecountries. With urbanization and changing lifestyles, the number ofpeople with diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure may increaseeven more.For countries in the earliest stage of development, the predominantcirculatory diseases are rheumatic heart disease, nutritionaldeficiency–related disorders of the heart muscle and those caused byother infections. Regions that are experiencing this phase includeSub-Saharan Africa and the rural areas of South America and SouthAsia. During the second phase, infectious diseases are reduced andnutrition improved. However, diseases related to hypertension becomemore common. Regions experiencing this stage include China andother Asian countries. During the third stage, high fat diets, cigarettesmoking and sedentary lifestyles have become more common. Non-communicable diseases become predominant with the highest
  2. 2. mortality caused by atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, especiallyat ages below 50 years. This phase is found in urban India, LatinAmerica and the former socialist countries. During the fourth stage,increased efforts to prevent, diagnose and treat ischemic heartdisease and stroke are able to delay these diseases to more advancedages. The regions that have reached this stage include WesternEurope, North America (excluding some parts of Mexico), Australiaand New Zealand.To reduce the mortality rate due to heart attack(In maladie cardio),heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases in these developingcountries, education and awareness programs on the different factorsthat cause such diseases are vital. Promotion of healthy diets andlifestyle must be stressed upon. There are numerous possiblestrategies for prevention.Heart diseases rate high on the list of global killers. Analysis of datafrom various national registries and international health organizationsincluding the WHO has allowed researchers to identify broad trends inboth the frequency as well as the causes of heart diseases among aparticular region’s mortality rates.The World Bank identifies seven major regions in the world based onsocio-economic factors: the high income group including NorthAmerica, Western Europe, Australia and Japan; the Latin and SouthAmerican countries; the Sub Saharan African countries; the MiddleEast and North African countries; the East European and Central Asiancountries; the South Asian countries; and the East Asian and Pacificnations.The sub Saharan African nations have the lowest rates of heartattack(In French cardiaque symptome) victims since most of thepeople lack the resources to achieve the kind of sedentary,prosperous lifestyles that are one of the major causes of heart
  3. 3. degeneration.The increasing prosperity of Latin American, South Asian, East Asianand Pacific nations on the other hand have led to key lifestyle changesthat have increased the incidence of heart failure in these countries.Heart diseases cause one fourth to one third of deaths with mostvictims dying in their sixties.The Middle East and North African countries are even further aheaddue to their better economies as reflected in their life expectancy ofearly seventies. Heart diseases cause more than one third of thedeaths.The East European and Central Asian nations suffer from a heavyburden of heart diseases (In French maladie cardio)due to poorpenetration of information regarding lifestyle and risk factors. In fact,the percentage of deaths caused by heart diseases is the highestamong all nations – almost sixty percent; there are quite a number ofearly deaths and the average life expectancy is in the mid sixties.The efforts made by health authorities in the high income nations ofEurope and North America have lead to a favorable modification oflifestyle and bringing down the incidence of heart disease. Mostpeople live till their eighties with only a third of the deaths are causedby heart diseases.To conclude, we see a distinct link between incidence of heart failureand patients’ socio-economic status across the world. Disseminationof knowledge regarding healthy lifestyle choices seems to be the keyto success in beating this fatal predator. Fore more information visit http://www.santurel.eu/be_fr

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