Presentation polish folk costumesPresentation Transcript
Polish Folk Costumes Author: Krzysztof Rycak, a pupil of Class 3c of the 16 th Gymnasium in Lublin, Poland
What is Folklore?
Folklore consists of legends, music, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, fairy tales and customs that are the traditions of that culture, subculture
or group. It is also the set of practices through which those expressive genres are shared .
Folk Costumes in Poland
were used by most Polish ethnic groups. The peak of their greatness occurred during the second half of the 19 th and early 20 th century, when the peasants got their freedom, and thus became wealthier.
The style of the outfits depended on the region: climatic conditions, socio-economic relations and its history. Ideas for the designs often derived from the aristocratic and bourgeois costumes, as well as military uniforms.
Folk Costumes in Poland - today
Poland remains one of the few European countries in the 21 st century, where one can still encounter “living” manifestations of folk culture.
Genuine folk costumes are frequently used by Poland’s many folk dance companies like ‘Mazowsze’ or the ‘ Reprezentacyjny Zespół Artystyczny Wojska Polskiego ’.
For the tourists, staff in many regional-cuisine restaurants enhance the traditional ambience by dressing up in such costumes.
Oberek is the liveliest and the fastest of the five Polish national dance s . It originated in the Mazovia region in 1679 .
Women: Woollen hand-woven skirts with a tiny red ribbon, a waist apron with stripes similar to the skirts’. Men: A white-cloth coat long to the ankles with padded collar, blue ribbon, and colourful woolen waist belt. Clothes used in Oberek
Krakowiak is a lively dance from the city of Krakow and the region Małopolska (Lesser Poland).
Women - long skirts with flower ornament s , white aprons, boleros with colo u r ornaments, wreath s of flowers, and usually with col u or ribbons. Men - striped trousers, long coats of dark colo u rs, belts with metal elements and characteristic caps called 'rogatki' with peacocks feathers. Clothes used in Krakowiak:
Kujawiak , a Polish national folk dance from the region of Kujawy . It evolved in the 19th century.
Women - long, blue skirts, blue boleros and white aprons tied at the back. Men - characteristic red shirts, blue coats and trousers, sometimes a cap is worn , too . Clothes in Kujawiak
Mazur is a Polish folk dance .
The clothing is the same as in Kujawiak. Mazur became popular in the whole of Poland and also almost all the neighbouring countries i n the
17th century .
In contrast with Oberek, Krakowiak,
and Kujawiak, Polonez does not represent
a particular region in Poland, but the country as a whole. It evolved in the 18th century. Being a very ‘grand’ dance, Polonez opens many ceremon ies – in cluding school balls.