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IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
IES CDM case studies
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IES CDM case studies

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Educational Material of Vietnam Blended Learning Program, undertaken by Institute of Energy Science, with support of World Bank and Vietnam Development Information Center

Educational Material of Vietnam Blended Learning Program, undertaken by Institute of Energy Science, with support of World Bank and Vietnam Development Information Center

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  • 1. 26/06/2013 The World Bank in Vietnam Vietnam Development Information Center Vietnam Blended Learning Program Project: Training Program on Renewable Energy Potential and Carbon Offset opportunities for Agriculture and Forestry Development in Vietnam Proposed by: UQ SMART (Australia) Institute of Energy Science (Vietnam) 1
  • 2. 26/06/2013 Overview 1. Energy supply and demand trends in Vietnam 2. Review of Technical Needs Assessment for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Vietnam 3. Carbon Finance & the Clean Development Mechanism 4. CDM Projects in Vietnam i. Overview ii. Vietnam CDM Project Case studies iii. Barriers to CDM projects in Vietnam 2
  • 3. 26/06/2013 Energy supply and d E l d demand t d trends in Vietnam d i Vi t 3
  • 4. 26/06/2013 Energy sources EIA, 2010. 4
  • 5. 26/06/2013 Installed capacity 11,340 MW At 2005 Ref: World Bank 5
  • 6. 26/06/2013 Greenhouse Emissions Adapted from: UNFCC Country Emission Profiles, 2000 6
  • 7. 26/06/2013 Review of Technical Needs Assessment for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Vietnam 7
  • 8. 26/06/2013 http://unfccc.int/ttclear/sunsetcms/storage/c ontents/stored-file20130327170620878/TechnologyNeedsAssess ment-Mitigation_Vietnam.pdf http://unfccc.int/ttclear/sunsetcms/storage/ p // / / / g / contents/stored-file20130327170654615/TechnologyNeedsAsse ssment-Adaptation_Vietnam.pdf 8
  • 9. 26/06/2013 Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change and Adaptation Mitigation technologies identified for priority sectors (UNEP, GEP, AiT, June, 2012)  Energy  Agriculture  Land use and change and forestry 9
  • 10. 26/06/2013 Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change and Adaptation, Adaptation technologies identified for priority sectors (UNEP, GEP, AiT, June, 2012)  Agriculture  Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)  Coastal zone management  Water resources 10
  • 11. 26/06/2013 Suggested Mitigation Technologies - Energy     Wind power Energy efficiency (compact fluoro lights) Large scale heat and power (cogeneration) Bus rapid transit p 11
  • 12. 26/06/2013 Suggested Mitigation Technologies Agriculture  Biogas (anaerobic digestion)  Nutrition improvement through fodder supplements  Wet and dry irrigation in certain rice growth stages 12
  • 13. 26/06/2013 Mitigation Technologies – Land use, Land use change & Forestry  Sustainable forest management  Afforestation and reforestation  Rehabilitation of mangrove 13
  • 14. 26/06/2013 Suggested Adaptation Technologies – Agriculture  Plant/genetic breeding  Rice to upland grain  Triple to double cropping and shrimp/fish/rice poultry crop 14
  • 15. 26/06/2013 Adaptation Technologies – Coastal Zone Management  Sea dyke Sea-dyke  Coastal wetland rehabilitation 15
  • 16. 26/06/2013 Potential Mitigation Projects Project ideas cited for international support (potential CDM projects):  Financial support and subsidies for wind power  Bio-fuel/cogeneration  Bio-energy in livestock sector (reduce burning and produce methane)  Afforestation on sandy land at South Central coast y  Reforestation and protection of mangrove forests. 16
  • 17. 26/06/2013 Potential Adaptation Projects Project ideas cited for international support j pp (and potential CDM projects):  Building a conversion model to change rice crops into fruit tree crops fruit-tree  Financial support and subsidies for wind power  Developing high-quality timber trees for plantation economy economy.  Develop agro-forestry model in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan region 17
  • 18. 26/06/2013 Carbon Finance & the Clean Development Mechanism 18
  • 19. 26/06/2013 Potential Carbon Finance Bodies  UNFCC Carbon Development Mechanism  https://cdm.unfccc.int/about/index.html  World Bank Carbon Finance  http://carbonfinance.org  European Investment Bank & Carbon Finance  http://eib.org (EUR 150 million assigned Oct 2012)  UNFCC Green Climate Fund  http://gcfund.net/home.html 19
  • 20. 26/06/2013 Potential For CDM and VCS Carbon Offset Projects in Vietnam  Significant hydropower resources  3000 km of windswept coast  300 hot-stream sources ranging from 30-148°C g g (geothermal power)  Great potential for solar  Agriculture residues for energy usage Ref: Nguyen et al 2010 al, 20
  • 21. 26/06/2013 Potential For CDM and VCS Carbon Offset Projects in Vietnam  Biomass and other small hydro suggested as cost-effective at 2 $/tCO2  Wind energy would be economical at 3 $/tCO2 (Nguyen and Ha-Duong, 2009a, 2009b, cited by Nguyen et al, 2010)  Energy efficiency projects e.g. power generators, industrial boilers, domestic  Biomass and biogas recovery 21
  • 22. 26/06/2013 Barriers to Carbon Offset Projects  Regulatory (structures process delays process) (structures, delays,  Bureaucracy  Tariff uncertainty  Access to information e.g. electricity sector data  Local capacity Ref: Nguyen et al, 2010 22
  • 23. 26/06/2013 CDM Projects in Asia, Dec 2012 • Total 7,218 projects 7 218 23
  • 24. 26/06/2013 CER Price, May 2013  Currently 20 euro cents  Too low to support CDM projects  Projects that have higher environmental credentials command higher price on voluntary market  Carbon financing (non–market) key to lowemissions projects in the short-medium term 24
  • 25. 26/06/2013 CDM Projects in Vietnam 25
  • 26. 26/06/2013 Vietnam CDM Projects, Dec 2012  233 projects registered  E Expected emission reduction of 123,913,250 tCO2e t d i i d ti f 123 913 250 tCO2  Hydro (213), methane avoidance (24), biomass energy (19), land fill gas (7) 26
  • 27. 26/06/2013 CDM Project Case Studies A. A VASB Bi Biogas P j t M k Project, Mekong D lt Delta B. Fuel conversion (biomass), Textile Manufacturer, Ho Chi Minh C. C Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project D. Chi Khe Hydropower Project E. Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project F. F Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation G. Cao Phong Reforestation Project 27
  • 28. 26/06/2013 CDM Project Case Studies CDM P j t S Project Search Page: hP https://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/projsearch.html Refer to Project ID# for each case study. 28
  • 29. 26/06/2013 A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta 29
  • 30. 26/06/2013 A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta Installation of 917 VACB reactors (total 3.32 MW thermal) 30
  • 31. 26/06/2013 A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta  Mekong Delta contributes 50% of total rice g production and 50% of aquaculture  Project ID# 6132  Project supports 917 farm households  T t l emission reduction of 1 045 tCO2/ as Total i i d ti f 1,045 tCO2/yr biogas replaces use of fossil fuel/wood  Other benefits  forest conservation & improving livelihoods  reductionof fertiliser use  odour reduction  Capital cost – US$144,150 31
  • 32. 26/06/2013 B) Ho Chi Minh Textiles Manufacturer 32
  • 33. 26/06/2013 B) Ho Chi Minh Textiles Manufacturer  Small Scale Renewable CDM  Project ID# 6598  Boiler Fuel Conversion from fuel oil to biomass (rice husk briquettes)  15.4 MW thermal  Capital Cost: 13.3 billion VND  CO2 reduction:  24,040 tCO2/year  168,280 tCO2 (7 yrs) 33
  • 34. 26/06/2013 C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/DB/TUEVRHEIN1301992418.38/view 34
  • 35. 26/06/2013 C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project  S ll S l R Small Scale Renewable CDM bl  Project ID# 4656  Hydropower - 10 MW power plant, 2 x 5 MW each on Dak Psi stream at Dak Psi, Western Highlands  Annual electricity output: 43,720 MWh  Project Supporters: Duc Thanh Gia Lai Joint Stock Company/ Investment & Trade Consultancy Co. Ltd/ RWE Power Aktiengesellschaft 35
  • 36. 26/06/2013 C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project  Capital cost: US$ 9.6 million  CO2 reduction:  23 719 tCO2/year 23,719  166,033 tCO2 (7 yrs)  Carbon breakeven price: $11/tCO2  Risk Level: Low 36
  • 37. 26/06/2013 D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project 37
  • 38. 26/06/2013 D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project  Large Scale Renewable CDM 2011 CDM,  Project ID# 4520  41 MW Hydropower located on Ca River in Chi Khe commune, commune Nghe An province province,  Annual elec output: 191,290 MWh  Project Supporters: Agrita - Nghe Tinh Energy Joint Stock Co. /Energy and Environment Consultancy Co Joint Stock Co./ South Pole Carbon Asset Management Ltd. 38
  • 39. 26/06/2013 D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project  CO2 reduction:  91,939 tCO2/year  643 572 tCO2 (7 yrs) 643,572  Carbon breakeven price: unknown  Risk Level: Medium due to carbon price, regulatory issues 39
  • 40. 26/06/2013 E) Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project 40
  • 41. 26/06/2013 E) Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project  Small Scale Renewable CDM  Project ID# 4949  Hydropower - 32MW hydropower plant with spillway gates on th N i Ph t Ri ill t the Ngoi Phat River i L C i in Lao Cai Province in NW Vietnam  Annual elec output: 122 GWh  Project Supporters: Son Vu Energy Development Joint Stock Co. / Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. 41
  • 42. 26/06/2013 E) Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project  Capital: US$ 25.5 million  CO2 reduction: 23,719  23 719 tCO2/year  166,033 tCO2 (7 yrs)  Carbon breakeven price: $15/tCO2  Risk Level: Medium due to carbon price 42
  • 43. 26/06/2013 F) Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation 43
  • 44. 26/06/2013 F) Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation  Small Scale Waste/Energy CDM gy  Project ID# 2368  Waste water treatment with biogas recovery for starch processing (cassava) factory.  M th Methane t to fuel a dryer. 44
  • 45. 26/06/2013 F) Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation  Project Supporters: Yen Binh Trading & Investment j pp g Company Ltd/ AES Carbon Exchange Ltd  Capital: US$ 2 million  CO2 reduction:  39,618 tCO2/year  277,329 tCO2 (7 yrs)  Carbon breakeven price: $ $14/tCO2  Risk Level: Low 45
  • 46. 26/06/2013 G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project 46
  • 47. 26/06/2013 G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project  Small Scale Agriculture/Reforestation  Project ID# 2363 p g grass and  365 ha of tree plantations on degraded g shrub land in Xuan Phong and Bac Phong communes, Hoa Binh province  Project Supporters: Forest Development Fund 47
  • 48. 26/06/2013 G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project  Capital: $2 348 million VND $2,348  CO2 reduction:  2,665 tCO2/year  42,645 tCO2 (15 yrs) , ( y ) 48
  • 49. 26/06/2013 UQ SMART – The University of Queensland (Australia) Viện Khoa học năng lượng (Việt Nam) 49

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