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26/06/2013

The World Bank in Vietnam

Vietnam Development Information Center

Vietnam Blended Learning Program

Project:
...
26/06/2013

Overview
1. Energy supply and demand trends in Vietnam
2. Review of Technical Needs Assessment for Climate
Cha...
26/06/2013

Energy supply and d
E
l
d demand t
d trends in Vietnam
d i Vi t

3
26/06/2013

Energy sources

EIA, 2010.

4
26/06/2013

Installed capacity 11,340 MW

At 2005
Ref: World Bank

5
26/06/2013

Greenhouse Emissions

Adapted from: UNFCC Country Emission Profiles, 2000

6
26/06/2013

Review of Technical Needs Assessment for
Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
in Vietnam

7
26/06/2013

http://unfccc.int/ttclear/sunsetcms/storage/c
ontents/stored-file20130327170620878/TechnologyNeedsAssess
ment-...
26/06/2013

Technology Needs Assessment for
Climate Change and Adaptation
Mitigation technologies
identified for priority ...
26/06/2013

Technology Needs Assessment for
Climate Change and Adaptation,
Adaptation technologies
identified for priority...
26/06/2013

Suggested Mitigation Technologies
- Energy





Wind power
Energy efficiency (compact fluoro lights)
Large...
26/06/2013

Suggested Mitigation Technologies Agriculture
 Biogas (anaerobic digestion)
 Nutrition improvement through f...
26/06/2013

Mitigation Technologies – Land use,
Land use change & Forestry
 Sustainable forest management
 Afforestation...
26/06/2013

Suggested Adaptation Technologies –
Agriculture
 Plant/genetic breeding
 Rice to upland grain
 Triple to do...
26/06/2013

Adaptation Technologies – Coastal
Zone Management
 Sea dyke
Sea-dyke
 Coastal wetland rehabilitation

15
26/06/2013

Potential Mitigation Projects
Project ideas cited for international support
(potential CDM projects):
 Financ...
26/06/2013

Potential Adaptation Projects
Project ideas cited for international support
j
pp
(and potential CDM projects):...
26/06/2013

Carbon Finance & the Clean Development
Mechanism

18
26/06/2013

Potential Carbon Finance Bodies

 UNFCC Carbon Development Mechanism
 https://cdm.unfccc.int/about/index.htm...
26/06/2013

Potential For CDM and VCS Carbon
Offset Projects in Vietnam

 Significant hydropower resources
 3000 km of w...
26/06/2013

Potential For CDM and VCS Carbon
Offset Projects in Vietnam
 Biomass and other small hydro suggested as
cost-...
26/06/2013

Barriers to Carbon Offset Projects
 Regulatory (structures process delays process)
(structures,
delays,
 Bur...
26/06/2013

CDM Projects in Asia, Dec 2012
• Total 7,218 projects
7 218

23
26/06/2013

CER Price, May 2013
 Currently 20 euro cents
 Too low to support
CDM projects
 Projects that have higher
en...
26/06/2013

CDM Projects in Vietnam

25
26/06/2013

Vietnam CDM Projects, Dec 2012
 233 projects registered
 E
Expected emission reduction of 123,913,250 tCO2e
...
26/06/2013

CDM Project Case Studies
A.
A VASB Bi
Biogas P j t M k
Project, Mekong D lt
Delta
B. Fuel conversion (biomass)...
26/06/2013

CDM Project Case Studies
CDM P j t S
Project Search Page:
hP
https://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/projsearch.html
R...
26/06/2013

A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta

29
26/06/2013

A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta
Installation of 917 VACB reactors (total 3.32 MW thermal)

30
26/06/2013

A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta
 Mekong Delta contributes 50% of total rice
g
production and 50% of aquaculture
...
26/06/2013

B) Ho Chi Minh Textiles Manufacturer

32
26/06/2013

B) Ho Chi Minh Textiles Manufacturer
 Small Scale Renewable CDM
 Project ID# 6598
 Boiler Fuel Conversion f...
26/06/2013

C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project

http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/DB/TUEVRHEIN1301992418.38/view

34
26/06/2013

C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project
 S ll S l R
Small Scale Renewable CDM
bl
 Project ID# 4656
 Hydropower - 10...
26/06/2013

C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project

 Capital cost: US$ 9.6 million
 CO2 reduction:
 23 719 tCO2/year
23,719
 ...
26/06/2013

D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project

37
26/06/2013

D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project
 Large Scale Renewable CDM 2011
CDM,
 Project ID# 4520
 41 MW Hydropower loca...
26/06/2013

D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project

 CO2 reduction:
 91,939 tCO2/year
 643 572 tCO2 (7 yrs)
643,572
 Carbon bre...
26/06/2013

E) Muong Hum 32 MW
Hydropower Project

40
26/06/2013

E) Muong Hum 32 MW
Hydropower Project
 Small Scale Renewable CDM
 Project ID# 4949
 Hydropower - 32MW hydro...
26/06/2013

E) Muong Hum 32 MW
Hydropower Project
 Capital: US$ 25.5 million
 CO2 reduction:
23,719
 23 719 tCO2/year
...
26/06/2013

F) Methane Recovery &
Biogas Utilisation

43
26/06/2013

F) Methane Recovery &
Biogas Utilisation
 Small Scale Waste/Energy CDM
gy
 Project ID# 2368
 Waste water tr...
26/06/2013

F) Methane Recovery &
Biogas Utilisation
 Project Supporters: Yen Binh Trading & Investment
j
pp
g
Company Lt...
26/06/2013

G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project

46
26/06/2013

G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project

 Small Scale Agriculture/Reforestation
 Project ID# 2363
p
g
grass and
...
26/06/2013

G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project
 Capital: $2 348 million VND
$2,348
 CO2 reduction:
 2,665 tCO2/year
 4...
26/06/2013

UQ SMART – The University of Queensland (Australia)

Viện Khoa học năng lượng (Việt Nam)

49
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IES CDM case studies

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Educational Material of Vietnam Blended Learning Program, undertaken by Institute of Energy Science, with support of World Bank and Vietnam Development Information Center

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Transcript of "IES CDM case studies"

  1. 1. 26/06/2013 The World Bank in Vietnam Vietnam Development Information Center Vietnam Blended Learning Program Project: Training Program on Renewable Energy Potential and Carbon Offset opportunities for Agriculture and Forestry Development in Vietnam Proposed by: UQ SMART (Australia) Institute of Energy Science (Vietnam) 1
  2. 2. 26/06/2013 Overview 1. Energy supply and demand trends in Vietnam 2. Review of Technical Needs Assessment for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Vietnam 3. Carbon Finance & the Clean Development Mechanism 4. CDM Projects in Vietnam i. Overview ii. Vietnam CDM Project Case studies iii. Barriers to CDM projects in Vietnam 2
  3. 3. 26/06/2013 Energy supply and d E l d demand t d trends in Vietnam d i Vi t 3
  4. 4. 26/06/2013 Energy sources EIA, 2010. 4
  5. 5. 26/06/2013 Installed capacity 11,340 MW At 2005 Ref: World Bank 5
  6. 6. 26/06/2013 Greenhouse Emissions Adapted from: UNFCC Country Emission Profiles, 2000 6
  7. 7. 26/06/2013 Review of Technical Needs Assessment for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Vietnam 7
  8. 8. 26/06/2013 http://unfccc.int/ttclear/sunsetcms/storage/c ontents/stored-file20130327170620878/TechnologyNeedsAssess ment-Mitigation_Vietnam.pdf http://unfccc.int/ttclear/sunsetcms/storage/ p // / / / g / contents/stored-file20130327170654615/TechnologyNeedsAsse ssment-Adaptation_Vietnam.pdf 8
  9. 9. 26/06/2013 Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change and Adaptation Mitigation technologies identified for priority sectors (UNEP, GEP, AiT, June, 2012)  Energy  Agriculture  Land use and change and forestry 9
  10. 10. 26/06/2013 Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change and Adaptation, Adaptation technologies identified for priority sectors (UNEP, GEP, AiT, June, 2012)  Agriculture  Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)  Coastal zone management  Water resources 10
  11. 11. 26/06/2013 Suggested Mitigation Technologies - Energy     Wind power Energy efficiency (compact fluoro lights) Large scale heat and power (cogeneration) Bus rapid transit p 11
  12. 12. 26/06/2013 Suggested Mitigation Technologies Agriculture  Biogas (anaerobic digestion)  Nutrition improvement through fodder supplements  Wet and dry irrigation in certain rice growth stages 12
  13. 13. 26/06/2013 Mitigation Technologies – Land use, Land use change & Forestry  Sustainable forest management  Afforestation and reforestation  Rehabilitation of mangrove 13
  14. 14. 26/06/2013 Suggested Adaptation Technologies – Agriculture  Plant/genetic breeding  Rice to upland grain  Triple to double cropping and shrimp/fish/rice poultry crop 14
  15. 15. 26/06/2013 Adaptation Technologies – Coastal Zone Management  Sea dyke Sea-dyke  Coastal wetland rehabilitation 15
  16. 16. 26/06/2013 Potential Mitigation Projects Project ideas cited for international support (potential CDM projects):  Financial support and subsidies for wind power  Bio-fuel/cogeneration  Bio-energy in livestock sector (reduce burning and produce methane)  Afforestation on sandy land at South Central coast y  Reforestation and protection of mangrove forests. 16
  17. 17. 26/06/2013 Potential Adaptation Projects Project ideas cited for international support j pp (and potential CDM projects):  Building a conversion model to change rice crops into fruit tree crops fruit-tree  Financial support and subsidies for wind power  Developing high-quality timber trees for plantation economy economy.  Develop agro-forestry model in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan region 17
  18. 18. 26/06/2013 Carbon Finance & the Clean Development Mechanism 18
  19. 19. 26/06/2013 Potential Carbon Finance Bodies  UNFCC Carbon Development Mechanism  https://cdm.unfccc.int/about/index.html  World Bank Carbon Finance  http://carbonfinance.org  European Investment Bank & Carbon Finance  http://eib.org (EUR 150 million assigned Oct 2012)  UNFCC Green Climate Fund  http://gcfund.net/home.html 19
  20. 20. 26/06/2013 Potential For CDM and VCS Carbon Offset Projects in Vietnam  Significant hydropower resources  3000 km of windswept coast  300 hot-stream sources ranging from 30-148°C g g (geothermal power)  Great potential for solar  Agriculture residues for energy usage Ref: Nguyen et al 2010 al, 20
  21. 21. 26/06/2013 Potential For CDM and VCS Carbon Offset Projects in Vietnam  Biomass and other small hydro suggested as cost-effective at 2 $/tCO2  Wind energy would be economical at 3 $/tCO2 (Nguyen and Ha-Duong, 2009a, 2009b, cited by Nguyen et al, 2010)  Energy efficiency projects e.g. power generators, industrial boilers, domestic  Biomass and biogas recovery 21
  22. 22. 26/06/2013 Barriers to Carbon Offset Projects  Regulatory (structures process delays process) (structures, delays,  Bureaucracy  Tariff uncertainty  Access to information e.g. electricity sector data  Local capacity Ref: Nguyen et al, 2010 22
  23. 23. 26/06/2013 CDM Projects in Asia, Dec 2012 • Total 7,218 projects 7 218 23
  24. 24. 26/06/2013 CER Price, May 2013  Currently 20 euro cents  Too low to support CDM projects  Projects that have higher environmental credentials command higher price on voluntary market  Carbon financing (non–market) key to lowemissions projects in the short-medium term 24
  25. 25. 26/06/2013 CDM Projects in Vietnam 25
  26. 26. 26/06/2013 Vietnam CDM Projects, Dec 2012  233 projects registered  E Expected emission reduction of 123,913,250 tCO2e t d i i d ti f 123 913 250 tCO2  Hydro (213), methane avoidance (24), biomass energy (19), land fill gas (7) 26
  27. 27. 26/06/2013 CDM Project Case Studies A. A VASB Bi Biogas P j t M k Project, Mekong D lt Delta B. Fuel conversion (biomass), Textile Manufacturer, Ho Chi Minh C. C Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project D. Chi Khe Hydropower Project E. Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project F. F Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation G. Cao Phong Reforestation Project 27
  28. 28. 26/06/2013 CDM Project Case Studies CDM P j t S Project Search Page: hP https://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/projsearch.html Refer to Project ID# for each case study. 28
  29. 29. 26/06/2013 A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta 29
  30. 30. 26/06/2013 A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta Installation of 917 VACB reactors (total 3.32 MW thermal) 30
  31. 31. 26/06/2013 A) VASB Biogas, Mekong Delta  Mekong Delta contributes 50% of total rice g production and 50% of aquaculture  Project ID# 6132  Project supports 917 farm households  T t l emission reduction of 1 045 tCO2/ as Total i i d ti f 1,045 tCO2/yr biogas replaces use of fossil fuel/wood  Other benefits  forest conservation & improving livelihoods  reductionof fertiliser use  odour reduction  Capital cost – US$144,150 31
  32. 32. 26/06/2013 B) Ho Chi Minh Textiles Manufacturer 32
  33. 33. 26/06/2013 B) Ho Chi Minh Textiles Manufacturer  Small Scale Renewable CDM  Project ID# 6598  Boiler Fuel Conversion from fuel oil to biomass (rice husk briquettes)  15.4 MW thermal  Capital Cost: 13.3 billion VND  CO2 reduction:  24,040 tCO2/year  168,280 tCO2 (7 yrs) 33
  34. 34. 26/06/2013 C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/DB/TUEVRHEIN1301992418.38/view 34
  35. 35. 26/06/2013 C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project  S ll S l R Small Scale Renewable CDM bl  Project ID# 4656  Hydropower - 10 MW power plant, 2 x 5 MW each on Dak Psi stream at Dak Psi, Western Highlands  Annual electricity output: 43,720 MWh  Project Supporters: Duc Thanh Gia Lai Joint Stock Company/ Investment & Trade Consultancy Co. Ltd/ RWE Power Aktiengesellschaft 35
  36. 36. 26/06/2013 C) Dak Psi 5 Hydropower Project  Capital cost: US$ 9.6 million  CO2 reduction:  23 719 tCO2/year 23,719  166,033 tCO2 (7 yrs)  Carbon breakeven price: $11/tCO2  Risk Level: Low 36
  37. 37. 26/06/2013 D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project 37
  38. 38. 26/06/2013 D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project  Large Scale Renewable CDM 2011 CDM,  Project ID# 4520  41 MW Hydropower located on Ca River in Chi Khe commune, commune Nghe An province province,  Annual elec output: 191,290 MWh  Project Supporters: Agrita - Nghe Tinh Energy Joint Stock Co. /Energy and Environment Consultancy Co Joint Stock Co./ South Pole Carbon Asset Management Ltd. 38
  39. 39. 26/06/2013 D) Chi Khe Hydropower Project  CO2 reduction:  91,939 tCO2/year  643 572 tCO2 (7 yrs) 643,572  Carbon breakeven price: unknown  Risk Level: Medium due to carbon price, regulatory issues 39
  40. 40. 26/06/2013 E) Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project 40
  41. 41. 26/06/2013 E) Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project  Small Scale Renewable CDM  Project ID# 4949  Hydropower - 32MW hydropower plant with spillway gates on th N i Ph t Ri ill t the Ngoi Phat River i L C i in Lao Cai Province in NW Vietnam  Annual elec output: 122 GWh  Project Supporters: Son Vu Energy Development Joint Stock Co. / Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. 41
  42. 42. 26/06/2013 E) Muong Hum 32 MW Hydropower Project  Capital: US$ 25.5 million  CO2 reduction: 23,719  23 719 tCO2/year  166,033 tCO2 (7 yrs)  Carbon breakeven price: $15/tCO2  Risk Level: Medium due to carbon price 42
  43. 43. 26/06/2013 F) Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation 43
  44. 44. 26/06/2013 F) Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation  Small Scale Waste/Energy CDM gy  Project ID# 2368  Waste water treatment with biogas recovery for starch processing (cassava) factory.  M th Methane t to fuel a dryer. 44
  45. 45. 26/06/2013 F) Methane Recovery & Biogas Utilisation  Project Supporters: Yen Binh Trading & Investment j pp g Company Ltd/ AES Carbon Exchange Ltd  Capital: US$ 2 million  CO2 reduction:  39,618 tCO2/year  277,329 tCO2 (7 yrs)  Carbon breakeven price: $ $14/tCO2  Risk Level: Low 45
  46. 46. 26/06/2013 G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project 46
  47. 47. 26/06/2013 G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project  Small Scale Agriculture/Reforestation  Project ID# 2363 p g grass and  365 ha of tree plantations on degraded g shrub land in Xuan Phong and Bac Phong communes, Hoa Binh province  Project Supporters: Forest Development Fund 47
  48. 48. 26/06/2013 G) Cao Phong Reforestation Project  Capital: $2 348 million VND $2,348  CO2 reduction:  2,665 tCO2/year  42,645 tCO2 (15 yrs) , ( y ) 48
  49. 49. 26/06/2013 UQ SMART – The University of Queensland (Australia) Viện Khoa học năng lượng (Việt Nam) 49

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