1. Corporate Social Responsibility
LION DEEPAK BHATTACHARJEE
2. EVOLUTION OF CSR IN INDA
The history of CSR in India has its four
phases which run parallel to India's
historical development and has resulted in
different approaches towards CSR. However
the phases are not static and the features
of each phase may overlap other phases
3. FIRST PHASE
In the first phase charity and philanthropy were the main drivers of
CSR. Culture, religion, family values and tradition and industrialization
had an influential effect on CSR. In the pre-industrialization period,
which lasted till 1850, wealthy merchants shared a part of their wealth
with the wider society by way of setting up temples for a religious
Moreover, these merchants helped the society in getting over phases of
famine and epidemics by providing food from their godowns and money
and thus securing an integral position in the society. With the arrival of
colonial rule in India from 1850s onwards, the approach towards CSR
changed. The industrial families of the 19th century such as Tata,
Godrej, Bajaj, Modi, Birla, Singhania were strongly inclined towards
economic as well as social considerations. However it has been
observed that their efforts towards social as well as industrial
development were not only but also driven by selfless and religious
motives but also influenced by caste groups and political objectives.
4. SECOND PHASE
In the second phase, during the independence movement, there was
increased stress on Indian Industrialists to demonstrate their
dedication towards the progress of the society. This was when
Mahatma Gandhi introduced the notion of "trusteeship", according to
which the industry leaders had to manage their wealth so as to benefit
the common man.
Mahatma Gandhi's influence put pressure on various Industrialists to
act towards building the nation and its socio-economic development.
According to Gandhi, Indian companies were supposed to be the
"temples of modern India". Under his influence businesses established
trusts for schools and colleges and also helped in setting up training
and scientific institutions. The operations of the trusts were largely in
line with Gandhi's reforms which sought to abolish untouchability,
encourage empowerment of women and rural development.
5. THIRD PHASE
The third phase of CSR (1960–80) had its relation to the element of
“mixed economy", emergence of Public Sector undertakings (PSUs) and
laws relating labour and environmental standards. During this period
the private sector was forced to take a backseat. The public sector was
seen as the prime mover of development. Because of the stringent
legal rules and regulations surrounding the activities of the private
sector, the period was described as an "era of command and control”.
The policy of industrial licensing, high taxes and restrictions on the
private sector led to corporate malpractices.
This led to enactment of legislation regarding corporate governance,
labour and environmental issues. PSUs were set up by the state to
ensure suitable distribution of resources (wealth, food etc.) to the
needy. However the public sector was effective only to a certain limited
extent. This led to shift of expectation from the public to the private
sector and their active involvement in the socio-economic development
of the country became absolutely necessary.
In 1965 Indian academicians, politicians and businessmen set up a
national workshop on CSR aimed at reconciliation. They emphasized
upon transparency, social accountability and regular stakeholder
dialogues. In spite of such attempts the CSR failed to catch steam.
6. FOURTH PHASE
In the fourth phase (1980 until the present) Indian companies started
abandoning their traditional engagement with CSR and integrated it
into a sustainable business strategy. In 1990s the first initiation
towards globalization and economic liberalization were undertaken.
Controls and licensing system were partly done away with which gave a
boost to the economy the signs of which are very evident today.
Increased growth momentum of the economy helped Indian companies
grow rapidly and this made them more willing and able to contribute
towards social cause.
Globalization has transformed India into an important destination in
terms of production and manufacturing bases of TNCs are concerned.
As Western markets are becoming more and more concerned about
and labour and environmental standards in the developing countries,
Indian companies who export and produce goods for the developed
world need to pay a close attention to compliance with the
7. COMPANIES ACT 2013
The ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) has notified Section 135 and
Schedule VII of the Companies Act, 2013, which relate to corporate
social responsibility (CSR) that will be effective from April 1, as part of
the new Companies Act.
Under the new Companies Act, 2013, passed by Parliament in August
2013, profitable companies must spend every year at least 2 per cent
of their average net profit over the preceding three years on CSR
This mandatory CSR-spend rule will apply from fiscal 2014-15 onwards.
Those companies that have a turnover of Rs. 1,000 crore or more or
net worth of Rs. 500 crore or more or net profit of Rs. 5 crore or more
will have to comply.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs , Government of India on(27 Feb 2014)
Notified the Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules
2014 under the Section 135 of the new Companies Act 2013. All the
provisions of Section 135 of the Companies Act 2013 shall be bound by
the above rules.
8. Reverse Osmosis Water Purification is one of the best water purification
method invented till today. Reverse Osmosis is a process in which
dissolved inorganic solids (such as salts) are removed from a solution
(such as water). This is accomplished by household water pressure
pushing the tap water through a semi permeable membrane. The
membrane (which is about as thick as cellophane) allows only the
water to pass through, not the impurities or contaminates. These
impurities and contaminates are flushed down the drain.
By the above method polluted drinking water with high flouride, TDS,
Harmful Pathogens, Arsenic etc are converted into Portable safe
RO WATER PLANT
9. RO WATER PLANT INSTALLATIONS IN
District 316-C entered into a Agreement with M/s Tata Projects
Limited and M/s CVK Mind Source Consulting Services Ltd Bangalore
for setting up 100 RO water plants in the 5 revenue districts of Andhra
Pradesh i.e Adilabad, Karimnagar, Warangal, Ranga reddy and
The Modus Operandi
1. Responsibility of Lions clubs
• Clubs shall identify the location assessing the need.
• Clubs shall provide a room of 10x10 size
• Clubs shall provide the water source i.e Borewell, well, Municipal water
• Clubs shall provide electricity connection. Single phase for plants upto
a capacity of 1000 litres per hour.
• Clubs shall have to bear the expenditure of rent if it is a rented
premises, the electricity charges for pumping the water from the
source to the tank.
• Clubs to display the club name board outside and give publicity.
10. RESPONSIBILITY OF TATA PROJECTS
Testing the water sample and decide the plant to be set up.
Install the water purification unit.
Provide the technical know how.
Provide the internal piping between the raw water storage tank to the
Provide piping from product water plant to consumer point, including
ATW(Any time Water).
Providing training to the operator.
Maintenance and service for 1 and half year free and thereafter on
chargeable basis by way of AMC(Annual maintenance contract).
Guarantee ISI Certification for the plant.
11. RESPONSIBILTY OF MIND SOURCE
Collection of water sample for testing.
All statutory clearances if necessary.
Disposal arrangement for rejected water.
Site bush cleaning and fencing.
To maintain the plant for 7 years.
Enter into separate agreement with the site/room owner/club for
Indentify the operator and pay his salary.
Take care of distribution arrangement.
Provide product water cans.
Make cash collection arrangement including ATW(Any time water)
Maintenance of the unit regularly to provide uninturrepted supply.
To sell the water at the rate of Rs 3 for 20 litres to generate the
12. The average expenditure to be incurred by M/s Mind source for
maintenance of the plant per annum.
The cost of replacement of 3 filters every month. 1000x12=Rs12,000/-
The cost of replacement of Ozonisation filter once in a year
Salary of the Operator Rs 6000x12 =Rs72,000/-
Electricity charges Rs 6000pm i.e Rs 6000x12 =Rs72,000/-
All statutory payments Rs.12,000 p.a
All the above expenditures has to be met by Mind Source by selling the
water @ Rs.3/Rs.4, per 20 litres for a period of 7 years.
After 7 years the club will be at liberty to take appropriate decision
about the project.