English Vocabulary


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A slideshow specially designed for non-english teachers in engineering colleges to help them improve their vocabulary and to help them learn certain vocabulary learning and teaching techniques.

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  • Choose any four words, one from each column, that best describe you. Pick up one of those four words and tell your colleagues why and based on what personal evidence you consider yourself to be that.
  • sextant a measuring instrument for measuring the angular distance between celestial objects; resembles an octant, a sextant could be used to sight the sun at high noon in order to determine one’s latitude.
  • It’s necessary to have 1 Collar and 2 Socks. A pie ce of pie You h ear with your ear . Pull a par t to se par ate. Definite has 2 i’s in it T here is a place just like here . Because: Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small Elephants Cemetery has three e’s – eee! – like a scream. IN NO CENTury is murder an innocent crime. Slaughter is LAUGHTER with an S at the beginning.
  • Demonstrate Distinguish Drill Dictate Play games Mother tongue equals
  • Ready for anything Spilt personality Shut up and sit down Deep in thought Excellency Reduction Baby, you light up my world like nobody else
  • Jewel, joule
  • Contronym A word that can take two (or more) opposite meanings; e.g. fast means "moving quickly" or "fixed firmly in place", overlook means "to watch over carefully" or "to fail to notice". Aptronym A person's name that matches it's owner's occupation or character very well (either in fiction or reality); e.g. arctic explorer Will Snow , hairdresser Dan Druff . Autonym. A word that describes itself; e.g. noun is a noun, polysyllabic is polysyllabic, abbrv. is an abbreviation, word is a word. Bacronym The reverse of producing an acronym; taking a word which already exists and creating a phrase (usually humorous) using the letters of the word as initials: e.g. Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anybody ( BANANA ), Guaranteed Overnight Delivery ( GOD ). Capitonym A word which changes its meaning and pronunciation when capitalised; e.g. polish and Polish , august and August , concord and Concord . Hypernym A word that has a more general meaning than another; e.g. in the relationship between chair and furniture, furniture is a hypernym; in the relationship between horse and animal, animal is a hypernym. Pseudonym An assumed name, especially by an author; e.g. Eric Arthur Blair wrote the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four under the pseudonym George Orwell . • Also called pen name . Tautonym. A word composed of two identical parts; e.g. pawpaw , yo-yo , tutu , bye-bye . Metonym A word designates something by the name of something associated with it; e.g. the Crown referring to the monarchy, the bottle referring to alcohol, the White House for the US executive branch. Meronym. A word that refers to a part of what another word refers to; e.g. in the relationship between leg and ankle, ankle is a meronym; in the relationship between brim and hat, brim is a meronym.
  • It’s necessary to have 1 Collar and 2 Socks. A pie ce of pie You h ear with your ear . Pull a par t to se par ate. Definite has 2 i’s in it T here is a place just like here . Because: Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small Elephants Cemetery has three e’s – eee! – like a scream. IN NO CENTury is murder an innocent crime. Slaughter is LAUGHTER with an S at the beginning.
  • Metacognitive Strategies
  • Dynamo, Geometry, Acoustic, Danger, Arcade, Virus, Binary, Mechanism
  • Dynamo, Geometry, Acoustic, Danger, Arcade, Virus, Binary, Mechanism
  • English Vocabulary

    1. 1. L r &T ching eaning ea Vocabulary m n R A J U“Words are one of our chief means of adjusting to all the situations of life.” - Bergen Evans
    2. 2. C hoos e Four mnRAJU
    3. 3. Name Game Think of an adjective beginning with the first letter of your name to describe yourself. Introduce yourself to others using that adjective. (e.g., I am Raju. I am Rational.) Remember the adjectives others use to describe themselves. Introduce two or three colleagues to class. mnRAJU
    4. 4. What Do You E xpect to Learn? ?  Object AspirAtion Limit  Intent Disposition Mark Schema  Desire  Aim  Plan mnRAJU
    5. 5. You will learn . . . What is a word? Why learn more words? How many words does one need? Which words to learn? What does ‘knowing a word’ mean? Vocabulary learning strategies Vocabulary Games/Activities/Tips Technical words mnRAJU
    6. 6. What is a WORD?“A unit of language, consisting of one ormore spoken sounds or their writtenrepresentation, that functions as aprincipal carrier of meaning.”  one or more morphemes/phonemes  smallest unit for independent use  separated by spaces in writing mnRAJU
    7. 7. Why learn more words ?  to meet our needs  to communicate effectively  to build thoughts  to understand ideas  to contribute to human knowledge“The more words you know, the more clearly and powerfully you will think and the more ideas you will invite into your mind.” - Wilfred Funk mnRAJU
    8. 8. How many words to learn? Lexemic frequency dictionaries o 80% of occurrences by only 20% of words 1,000 words for a basic conversation 2,000 words to survive through the day 8,000 words to converse with a European 15,000 word families for university studies mnRAJU
    9. 9. Which Words to Learn? New KnownImportant Not-so-importantProductive Receptivecan recall & use can only comprehendin speech & writing while reading & listening mnRAJU
    10. 10. NIP Words mnRAJU
    11. 11. Knowing a Word means . .. mnRAJU
    12. 12. S pellingSpell these words right?anamolous, asbestas, boyancy, celcius, dessicant, equalibrium, farenheat, ossilation, sextent, saizmic, viscoscity, mathmatics, umblical card, sacreligious anomalous, asbestos, buoyancy, Celsius, desiccant, equilibrium, Fahrenheit, oscillation, sextant, seismic, viscosity, mathematics, umbilical cord, sacrilegious mnRAJU
    13. 13. Is S pelling Important? mnRAJU
    14. 14. Is S pelling Important? Olny srmat poelpe can raed tihs!cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht Iwas rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid,aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, itdeosn’t mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are,the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteersbe in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses andyou can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm.Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed erveylteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanig, huh?Yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt! mnRAJU
    15. 15. Is S pelling Important?The amount of grammer and usege arrow’s today isshaking. Not to menshun speling. If I was a teecher,I’d feel badly that less and less students seam toundestand the baysic principals of good righting.Niether the oldest high school students nor theyoungest kindergartner know prepare usege. Astewdent offen thinks they can depend on wordprocesing programs to corect they’re errors.Know way! We should tale are childrun to study hardlike we did at they’re edge and to watch less TV thenthere glassmates. mnRAJU
    16. 16. Tips to Learn S pelling 1. Make the effort 2. Look closely/photo memory 3. Memorize 4. Write/type the words 5. List your difficult words 6. Use mnemonics 7. Keep a notebook mnRAJU
    17. 17. PronunciationSay these words right?adhesion, clothes, language, development, espresso, forte, parentheses, suite, vehicle, knowledge engineer, jewelry, asterisk, routine, adjective, genuine /ædhiʒən/, /kloʊðz/, /læŋgwɪdʒ/, /dɪvɛləpmənt/, /ɛsprɛsoʊ/, /fɔrteɪ/, /pərɛnθəsɪz/, /swit/, /viɪkəl/, /nɒlɪdʒ/, /ɛndʒənɪər/, /dʒuəlri/, /æstərɪsk/, /rutin/, /ædʒɪktɪv/, /dʒɛnyuɪn/ mnRAJU
    18. 18. Tips to LearnPronunciation • Distinguish • Drill • Drill • Drill • Drill mnRAJU
    19. 19. GrammarIdentify the action verbs in this passage?My cell phone rang almost immediately after I walked into the class and started the lesson. I had forgotten to switch it off. Let me silence it now. Will you also please put your phones in silent mode? rang, walked, started, had forgotten, switch off, silence, will put mnRAJU
    20. 20. Teaching words - Techniques Definition  Mime Translation  Pictures Examples  Realia Context  Pictogram Meaning Relation mnRAJU
    21. 21. Definition mnRAJU
    22. 22. Trans lation mnRAJU
    23. 23. E xamples /C ontext mnRAJU
    24. 24. Meaning Relation mnRAJU
    25. 25. Word Learning S trategies -1 Discover Words Love words Increased exposure to English Intentional/incidental learning Guess from contextual clues Use the dictionary/thesaurus Ask someone mnRAJU
    26. 26. C ontextual C luesRather than be involved in clandestine meetings, they dideverything quite openly.The girl who used to be very vociferous doesnt talk muchanymore.Pedagogical institutions, including high schools,kindergartens, and colleges, require community support tofunction efficiently.He was so parsimonious that he refused to give his ownsons the few pennies they needed to buy pencils forschool. It truly hurt him to part with his money. mnRAJU
    27. 27. Us e a Dictionary Explore a word that comes to your mind mnRAJU
    28. 28. Us e a Thes aurusTwo trucks loaded with thousands of copies of RogetsThesaurus collided as they left a New York publishinghouse last Thursday, according to the Associated Press.Witnesses were aghast, amazed, astonished,astounded, bemused, benumbed, bewildered,confounded, confused, dazed, dazzled, disconcerted,disoriented, dumbstruck, electrified, flabbergasted,horrified, immobilized, incredulous, nonplussed,overwhelmed, paralyzed, perplexed, scared, shocked,startled, stunned, stupified, surprised, taken aback,traumatized, upset. . . . mnRAJU
    29. 29. Learn to A s k?“What’s the English word for ___?”“How do you say____ in English?”“What does ____ mean in Hindi?”“Is it a kind of _____ ?”“Is it like a _____ ?” mnRAJU
    30. 30. Word Learning S trategies -2 Remember Words Use imagery Use meaning relations Use word parts Mnemonics mnRAJU
    31. 31. Pictograms & Word Pictures mnRAJU
    32. 32. S ynonyms & A ntonymsWrite S for Synonyms; A for Antonyms & U for Unrelated:1 abridge - curtail 7 archive - format2 satiated - reverse 8 random - hungry3 surfeit - paucity 9 ennui - boredom4 clemency - mercy 10 fuse - mingle5 tacit - explicit 11 random - precise6 zenith - rain 12 finite - rigid mnRAJU
    33. 33. Homonyms Distinguish the following pairs of words:Affect - Effect Industrial -IndustriousDesert - Dessert Loose - LoseElicit - Illicit Rise – RaiseFarther – Further Sensitive - SensibleHoard – Horde Tortuous - TorturousIts – It’s Waver - Waiver mnRAJU
    34. 34. HomophonesFind homophones for each of these words:Allowed Grown Mail SteelBirth Heard Nose TaleCeiling Idle One VeilDear Jewel Peace WasteEarn Know Quarts WhatFour Loan Red Yolk mnRAJU
    35. 35. More Word Relations Acronym Hypernym Aptronym Hyponym Contranym Pseudonym Autonym Tautonym Bacronym Metonym capitonym Meronym mnRAJU
    36. 36. C ollocationWhich words go with which verb?things, sure, difference, nothing, sense, decision, mistakes, well, homework, job, something, money, whatever, judgments, gardening, work, mistake, copies, effort, anything Make Do sure money things something a difference judgments nothing whatever sense mistake well gardening a decision copies homework work mistakes effort a job anything mnRAJU
    37. 37. Root WordsMatch the root words with their meanings: Root Meaning anthrop year bell short arthro color chrom war vit believe cred joint brev life ann human http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English mnRAJU
    38. 38. Mnemonics• The manners of articulation: Stop Fooling Around Now, Learn Good Voicing Stop, Fricative, Affricate, Nasal, Liquid, Glide, Vowel• Argument or arguement? Argument loses an ‘e’.• Color Combinations Better Get Ready When Your Mistress Comes Back Primary colors - Blue, Green, Red = White Secondary colors - Yellow, Magenta, Cyan = Black• Planets in order of distance from sun My very easy method: just set up nine planets. mnRAJU
    39. 39. Word Learning S trategies -3 Practise Words Written repetition Spoken repetition Word lists Vocabulary notebooks Create meaningful sentences Link to personal experience mnRAJU
    40. 40. Word A s s ociation Remember as many as you canNine Swap Cell Ring LustPlugs Lamp Apple Table SwayArmy Bank Fire Hold WormClock Horse Color Baby SwordDesk Hold Find Bird Rock mnRAJU
    41. 41. Word A s s ociation Remember as many as you canHorse Cat Dog Fish BirdOrange Yellow Blue Green BlackTable Chair Desk Stool BedIn Out With On OfApple Melon Banana Grape Mango mnRAJU
    42. 42. Word Learning S trategies -4 Master Words Set word learning goals Make conscious effort Test yourself Review repeatedly Devote specific time mnRAJU
    43. 43. Word Games - C ros s word mnRAJU
    44. 44. Word Games - A nagramsUnscramble these words:monday rdecaaytrmgoee rusivaccioust yribnaadegnr hammcnsei mnRAJU
    45. 45. Send your comments to lionnagaraju@in.com This slideshow is available atwww.authorstream.com/tag/lionnagaraju www.slideshare.net/lionnagaraju mnRAJU
    46. 46. Send SMSJOIN mnRAJU to92195 92195 mnRAJU