Group BRise from your seats and look around.Find someone you do not know well.Introduce yourself to him/her.Know each other.Form a pair.Sit together.
FUNCTIONAL GRAMMARLANGUAGE = System of communication. The study of how language is organized to make and exchange meanings appropriate vs. inappropriate forms for a communicative purpose in a particular context.MAIN CONCERN = the functions of structures and their constituents and their meanings in context.MATERIAL USED= Authentic texts.FORMAL GRAMMARLANGUAGE = set of rules which specify all the possible grammatical structures.Grammatical =/= Ungrammatical sentencesMAIN CONCERN = the forms of the grammatical structure and their relationship to one another rather than with their meanings or uses in different contextsMATERIAL USED= sentences made up to illustrate
Discussion: spoken exchange of information, ideas, opinions and personal perspectives among people in a range of formal or informal contextsSpeed dating (know as many others as possible in a short time)Forum theatre (two students debate and audience decide the direction and set conditions)Focussed listening (audience listen for specific language factors)Situation room (simulate a disaster or a situation)
Elements of Functional English
WHAT HAVE YOU
• Group A - Handout
• Group B - Instructions
WHAT HAVE YOU
WHAT ARE EMPLOYERS
Communicative abilities to
• listen with comprehension
• articulate clearly
• receive and send messages
• read, understand a variety of documents
• write fluently and accurately
• use accepted business conventions of
format, spelling, grammar and punctuation
• deal with customers effectively
WHAT IS ‘FUNCTIONAL’?
•enough to serve a purpose
•In the context of a foreign
language, it shows that one knows
enough to be understood and to
becoming functional is
• using English to meet everyday needs such
as appointments, invitations, plans, filling
out forms, thanking people, seeking
information, following instructions etc.
• communicating confidently, effectively
• becoming functional is neither acquiring
knowledge nor being perfect
• to become functional in English
• to choose appropriate communication methods
• to suit the needs of the audience and the situation
• to apply English skills in a variety of contexts
• to become increasingly independent, competent
Set of rules
Form and structure
Made up sentences
System of communication
Function and meaning
HOW TO LEARN
1. Take a course
2. Watch TV
3. Make English speaking friends
FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH –
• learning through application
• learner-centred approach
• active learning
• problem-solving approach
• partnership learning
• assessment for learning
1. Teacher Talk
2. Choral Response
3. Close-ended Teacher Questioning
4. Open-ended Teacher Questioning
5. Full Class Interaction
6. Student Initiated Questioning
7. Group Work
8. Pair Work (Collaboration)
9. Individual Work
10. Self Access
FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH –
1. Pair work
2. Group work
4. Good instructions
5. Thought provoking questions
6. Activities & Games
7. Authentic materials
• There are about 300 teachers working in this college.
• There are approximately 5000 students studying here.
• A large number of students are interested in this course.
• Management predicts up to 50% growth next year.
• There are so few buses plying to the campus.
• They are far fewer than they used to be earlier.
• Almost half the students went off the campus.
• Not even half of them were anywhere near.
• It's difficult to say, but I'd guess a majority stayed away.
• I'm not really sure, but I think half of them wanted to stay.
Which exercises promote functional
skills and which do not? Why?
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