Open Content Literacy: developing a framework to support newbie content makers and sharers


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Presentation at OER10, Cambridge, 2010 with Alison Mackenzie. Content covers the outcomes of Edge Hill University's ReFORM project (part of the Jisc RePRODUCE Programme, forerunner of the OER Programme). Also discusses academics perceptions of openess and sharing and offers a TEL professional development framework and an open content literacy framework for review.

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  • Open educational resources include: * Learning content: full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, and journals. * Tools: Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and on-line learning communities. * Implementation resources: Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design-principles, and localization of content.
  • Stand alone – not depend on/refer to other material Reusable in any way we chose to interpret that term Produced in reference to interoperability standards and be W3C complaint Metadata should describe pedagogic intentions of the designer in terms of its purpose, intended audience and form Non-hierarchical, conversational approach Shaping factors identified: defining team roles/expectations, reciprocity, communication
  • Copycats? Digital consumers in the online age
  • Open Content Literacy: developing a framework to support newbie content makers and sharers

    1. 1. Open Content Literacy: developing a framework to support newbie content makers and sharers Lindsey Martin and Alison Mackenzie Edge Hill University, UK
    2. 2. “Open educational resources are educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, title=Open_educational_resources&oldid=347499515 (accessed March 12, 2010).
    3. 3. Overview Context: ReProduce Programme and ReFORM Project Programme and Project outcomes: post-project reflections A Framework emerges Testing perceptions of openness and sharing Open Content Literacy Next steps
    4. 4. Context Edge Hill University North West of England, 23,000 students SOLSTICE CETL Centre of Excellence for Teaching & Learning: supported online learning JISC RePRODUCE Programme 2 funded projects to test assumptions around reusing and reurposing digital content. Required largely online modules built from 50% content external to module/university ReFORM Project Dyslexia & Specific Learning Difficulties in Higher Education: Support Issues. 10 week, 15 credit, level 6 module
    5. 5. The RePRODUCE Programme Intended outcomes To stimulate and inform change in the sector through enhanced capacity, knowledge and skills around use of ICT to support learning & teaching High quality external learning content used more often To facilitate transfer of learning content between institutions, repositories and external web 2.0 storage Case studies documenting the cultural issues regarding the sharing of content
    6. 6. The ReFORM Project Aims All module content made available to the higher/further education sector via the Jorum content repository Develop an understanding of potential for reuse of learning objects at practitioner level and an improved understanding of training and support needs Learn what constitutes effective practice in creation, design & use of learning objects Develop improved understanding of workflows underpinning the design, development & reuse of learning objects Obtain improved understanding at senior management level of strategic implications of potential for reuse
    7. 7. RePRODUCE Programme Lessons Repurposing process Timescales were longer than anticipated due to time needed to locate, clear and adapt relevant material Copyright & licensing Projects consistently found these the most difficult and time-consuming aspects Organisational issues Team effort was most effective. Most projects struggled to locate local support (25% received no institutional support whatever) Cultural Issues Main barrier to sharing is perceived complexity of actual practice Technical Range of technical issues experienced. Re- purposing/re-editing were essential aspects
    8. 8. ReFORM Easier to create content from new Reuse time-consuming unless object is designed with reuse in mind. Skills gaps Locating/evaluating material, Intellectual Property Rights of found and own content No single person could do everything Team approach essential, blurring of roles, acceptance of ‘messy’ and iterative process. Input often needed by more than 1 person. Good or good enough? Module subject matter required content be repurposed as dyslexic friendly rather than reuse ‘as is’ or linking to dynamic content Infrastructure No mechanism for sharing/storing objects within University infrastructure.
    9. 9. Out of ReFORM TEL PD Framework We found that suitable professional development resources to support reuse were dispersed and not easy to find A TEL PD Framework was produced by viewing the 6 areas of activity described in the UK Professional Standards Framework for Teaching and Supporting Learning in Higher Education through its core knowledge ‘lens’ of the use of appropriate learning technologies. Emerging Open Content Literacy A framework to support engagement with open content, the acquisition of new skills and strategies and to manage the ‘messiness’ and iterative nature of digital content creation
    10. 10. Drivers for a Framework Double ethical standard Cyber Report, 2009. est 7 million British citizens downloaded unauthorised content on a regular basis. Attitudes and behaviours to property in online/physical world very different – a victimless crime? Consumers expect high standards from others but not from themselves Messiness and perceived barriers How do you ‘sell’ something that is perceived as complex, time-consuming and messy? e-learning expansion at EHU Rapid growth requires a sustainable, more efficient model Skills issue Many colleagues lack skills to identify, acquire and adapt existing digital content. It is argued that Novices and Beginners need guidelines
    11. 11. Testing perceptions: a snapshot of awareness Reed, P. (2010) SOLSTICE Fellowship survey to gauge awareness and participation in OER. (unpublished report)
    12. 12. Open Content Literacy Framework Purpose Audience Form
    13. 13. Next steps Seeking feedback and suggestions to inform next iteration: Testing and evaluation Current SOLSTICE Fellowship OER project around creation of open content for a mentoring module Critical Friends SOLSTICE CETL Critical Friend JORUM Peer Review OER10 SOLSTICE pre-conference workshop 2 June
    14. 14. Contact Alison Mackenzie Lindsey Martin