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  • 1. Universal Design forUniversal Design for LearningLearning Linzie HumphreyLinzie Humphrey Walden UniversityWalden University November 28, 2010November 28, 2010
  • 2. Inspiration for UDLInspiration for UDL The inspiration for UDL started in theThe inspiration for UDL started in the architectural world. When architectsarchitectural world. When architects designed buildings they always includeddesigned buildings they always included stairs. They quickly realized that this waystairs. They quickly realized that this way of entering the building did not work forof entering the building did not work for everyone.everyone.
  • 3. Inspiration for UDLInspiration for UDL They decided they would try to fix this afterThey decided they would try to fix this after designing the building; however thisdesigning the building; however this caused many problems. Instead, they hadcaused many problems. Instead, they had to design buildings with more options fromto design buildings with more options from the beginning. The key is making sure allthe beginning. The key is making sure all can enter the building.can enter the building.
  • 4. Inspiration for UDLInspiration for UDL This is also true with education. All studentsThis is also true with education. All students do not learn the same way. Instead ofdo not learn the same way. Instead of trying to make them learn the same way,trying to make them learn the same way, educators should design their lessons witheducators should design their lessons with alternatives for learning. The originalalternatives for learning. The original curriculum was the same for all. We, ascurriculum was the same for all. We, as educators, need to change the books soeducators, need to change the books so that they work for all students. Thethat they work for all students. The materials need to change, not thematerials need to change, not the students.students.
  • 5. Three Principles of UDLThree Principles of UDL  Provide Multiple Means of RepresentationProvide Multiple Means of Representation All students have a learning style.All students have a learning style. Teachers should vary in their teachingTeachers should vary in their teaching styles in order to meet the needs of allstyles in order to meet the needs of all students. Teachers should use a varietystudents. Teachers should use a variety of technology to engage students inof technology to engage students in learning. There is not one way that alllearning. There is not one way that all students learn.students learn.
  • 6. Three Principles of UDLThree Principles of UDL  Provide Multiple Means of ExpressionProvide Multiple Means of Expression Students can present their understandingStudents can present their understanding of the content in different ways.of the content in different ways. Teachers should give options forTeachers should give options for completing their work.completing their work.
  • 7. Three Principles of UDLThree Principles of UDL  Provide Multiple Means of EngagementProvide Multiple Means of Engagement Students are motivated in different ways and it isStudents are motivated in different ways and it is up to the teacher to get them engaged inup to the teacher to get them engaged in learning.learning. It is important for teachers to find what worksIt is important for teachers to find what works best for their students and what keeps thembest for their students and what keeps them focused. Teachers should continue to changefocused. Teachers should continue to change things in order to make learning fun and excitingthings in order to make learning fun and exciting for students.for students.
  • 8. Role of Technology in UDLRole of Technology in UDL Digital media allows the flexibility for UDL to beDigital media allows the flexibility for UDL to be successful. In a book, the information is fixed,successful. In a book, the information is fixed, whereas with technology the information iswhereas with technology the information is displayed in various ways. The ability to changedisplayed in various ways. The ability to change the information allows students to better graspthe information allows students to better grasp the content based on their needs. For example;the content based on their needs. For example; we can show students things such as thewe can show students things such as the summary or background knowledge usingsummary or background knowledge using technology depending on students’ needs. Ittechnology depending on students’ needs. It can be different for all students.can be different for all students.
  • 9. Technology and UDLTechnology and UDL Technology allows us to be diverse for allTechnology allows us to be diverse for all students. Media can be like the teacher, usingstudents. Media can be like the teacher, using different techniques for each student. Thedifferent techniques for each student. The students can also use technology to show whatstudents can also use technology to show what they know about the content. Students canthey know about the content. Students can create a digital story, record a podcast, or evencreate a digital story, record a podcast, or even create a PowerPoint to display information.create a PowerPoint to display information. Most importantly technology is a great way toMost importantly technology is a great way to motivate students and get them excited aboutmotivate students and get them excited about learning. Technology will help teachers tolearning. Technology will help teachers to create lessons that will meet all learners’ needs.create lessons that will meet all learners’ needs.
  • 10. Impact of UDLImpact of UDL Due to state testing, our teaching styles haveDue to state testing, our teaching styles have been limited. We know what skills we mustbeen limited. We know what skills we must teach and we try to see what method is theteach and we try to see what method is the fastest to get the information to our students.fastest to get the information to our students. UDL will impact student learning in a positiveUDL will impact student learning in a positive way.way. Students will be engaged in learning which willStudents will be engaged in learning which will improve many areas. For example; students willimprove many areas. For example; students will be less likely to be bored; therefore disciplinebe less likely to be bored; therefore discipline may not be as much of a problem.may not be as much of a problem.
  • 11. Impact of UDLImpact of UDL Another way UDL will impact studentAnother way UDL will impact student learning is that all students will be taughtlearning is that all students will be taught in a way to meet their needs. As a result,in a way to meet their needs. As a result, students will be more successful and feelstudents will be more successful and feel good about themselves.good about themselves.
  • 12. UDL and Brain ResearchUDL and Brain Research Dr. David Rose states that the brain hasDr. David Rose states that the brain has different parts in which information isdifferent parts in which information is processed (Laureate, 2009). There areprocessed (Laureate, 2009). There are three networks described with UDL andthree networks described with UDL and brain research; recognition, strategic, andbrain research; recognition, strategic, and affective.affective.
  • 13. RecognitionRecognition  Processing patterns, sites, smells, andProcessing patterns, sites, smells, and sounds.sounds.  Teachers should teach in a variety of waysTeachers should teach in a variety of ways to get information to students.to get information to students.  Examples; use visual aids, images, andExamples; use visual aids, images, and audio to teach students the content.audio to teach students the content.
  • 14. StrategicStrategic  Controls different functions of the bodyControls different functions of the body  Processes the actionsProcesses the actions  Teachers should provide many ways forTeachers should provide many ways for students to show what they knowstudents to show what they know
  • 15. AffectiveAffective  Focuses on emotionsFocuses on emotions  Teachers should think about this as theyTeachers should think about this as they plan their lessonsplan their lessons
  • 16. How does UDL support cultural, ethnic,How does UDL support cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and academic diversity?linguistic, and academic diversity? UDL incorporates technology; therefore there are a varietyUDL incorporates technology; therefore there are a variety of tools to meet these needs. Also, the use of theof tools to meet these needs. Also, the use of the internet can connect students of different backgrounds.internet can connect students of different backgrounds. This is also a great way for students of different culturesThis is also a great way for students of different cultures to express themselves. The curriculum is available to allto express themselves. The curriculum is available to all students. Diverse classrooms contain students ofstudents. Diverse classrooms contain students of different linguistic backgrounds as well. ELL studentsdifferent linguistic backgrounds as well. ELL students also need to be a priority when designing a lesson.also need to be a priority when designing a lesson. There are many different resources available throughThere are many different resources available through technology. For elementary students using pictures is atechnology. For elementary students using pictures is a great way to help ELL students.great way to help ELL students.
  • 17. 3 CAST Online Tools3 CAST Online Tools 1.1. UDL Class Profile MakerUDL Class Profile Maker All students learn differently. This toolAll students learn differently. This tool will help teachers to better understandwill help teachers to better understand students’ learning styles.students’ learning styles. http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/toohttp://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/too
  • 18. 3 CAST Online Tools3 CAST Online Tools 2.2. UDL Lesson BuilderUDL Lesson Builder Provides educators with tools to createProvides educators with tools to create lessons that increase studentlessons that increase student participation with the curriculum.participation with the curriculum. http://lessonbuilder.cast.org/http://lessonbuilder.cast.org/
  • 19. 3 CAST Online Tools3 CAST Online Tools 3.3. CAST Strategy TutorCAST Strategy Tutor This tool helps students to research aThis tool helps students to research a topic on the internet. There are alsotopic on the internet. There are also teacher made lesson plans on this site.teacher made lesson plans on this site. http://cst.cast.org/cst/auth-loginhttp://cst.cast.org/cst/auth-login
  • 20. ReferencesReferences  CAST, Teaching Every Student. (2010).CAST, Teaching Every Student. (2010). Tools and activities.Tools and activities. Retrieved November 26, 2010 fromRetrieved November 26, 2010 from http://cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/http://cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/..  Center for Applied Special Technology. (2009). UDL guidelines,Center for Applied Special Technology. (2009). UDL guidelines, version 1.0. Retrieved fromversion 1.0. Retrieved from http://http:// www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelineswww.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines..  Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009). BrainLaureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009). Brain research and universal design for learning. Reaching and engagingresearch and universal design for learning. Reaching and engaging all learners through technology. Baltimore: Author.all learners through technology. Baltimore: Author.  Rose, D., & Meyer, A. (2002).Rose, D., & Meyer, A. (2002). Teaching every student in the digitalTeaching every student in the digital age: Universal design for learningage: Universal design for learning. Retrieved from. Retrieved from http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/..