An Introduction to      OpenStreetMap               Yuwei Lin        Lecturer in Future MediaSchool of Media, Music and Pe...
Psalter Map (1260)Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Desceliers World Map (1550)    Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Politics of Maps●   What information was recorded on a map?●   Who made/drew the map?●   Whom was the map made for?●   Map...
Cartography 2.0- possibility of reclaiming and remapping the                      world         Software Freedom Day 17 Se...
OpenStreetMap as Cartography 2.0●   Open Source technologies + free / open access    mapping data and geographical informa...
OpenStreetMap Community History●   2004 July, founded by Steve Coast●   2006 April, a foundation was established to encour...
Achievements of OpenStreetMap●   Haiti and “Crises mapping” / Emergency mapping    / Humanitarian mapping●   Disability – ...
WikiProject HaitiSoftware Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
OSM for the Blind●   http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/OSM_for_the_bli●   http://www.blind.accessiblemaps.org/           ...
Open Data & MapsSoftware Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Locative Media●   http://www.maxamundo.com/cms/index.php●   Geo-referenced information, geo retailing,    location-based  ...
Technical implications●   Open source – both the map and software are never finished    products; they are perpetual beta ...
Cultural Implications●   POI (Points of interests)●   You can define what is important (to be included in the maps) and ho...
Economic Implications●   Cheaper/Gratis maps●   Maps are free to be used → no need of    acquiring permission●   Lots of d...
Educational Implications●   Improve ones geospatial and computing literacy●   Knowing your neighbourhood better (Community...
Social Implications●   Building communities (a global OSM and many    local communities)●   Mapping parties (how to best o...
A Map Inspired by Free Software●   Freedom                                  ●   Diversity●   Openness                     ...
Conclusion●   Its your Map. Get involved!            Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin....
Devices for Mapping●   GPS (Global Positioning System)●   GPS-enabled devices e.g., GARMIN, TOMTOM,    PIONEER AVIC, MIO, ...
Walking Papers●   Print maps, draw on them, scan them back in and help    OpenStreetMap improve its coverage of local poin...
Paris, FRPrint map of thearea surrounding48°5124"N,2°1622"E MuetteSud, Paris, Ile-de-France, FR,France, created on2 Sep. 2...
Paris, FR (print map created on 02-09-11 with a print ID 86rqnmp5)       Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Li...
Bremen, DEPrint map of thearea surrounding53°0428"N,8°4749"EAltstadt, Bremen,HB, DE, Germany,created on 2 Sep.2011 with a ...
An annotatedscanned mapThis scannedMap covers thearea near6°1612"N,75°3737"W SanCristóbal,Antioquia,Colombia(uploaded 25 A...
Annotating housenumbers An annotated scanned map номера домов, названия улиц Covers the area near 53°2739"N, 56°0159"E Ish...
`Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Point/Place of Interests (POI)●   POIs are places where youd like to visit. Along with other information (e.g.,    descrip...
What POIs can you create?●   Favourite places – Share your favourite spots (restaurants, parks, pubs,    shopping, cafe, t...
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
What can you use POIs for?If you are a business owner -●   Sales & merchandising targets – provide specific easy-to-downlo...
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An Introduction to OpenStreetMap and Paper Mapping (2011 Software Freedom Day)

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The slides were prepared for the mini mapping weekend that took place at MadLab / Northern Quarter at Manchester (UK) over the weekend 17-18 September 2011, as a gesture of celebrating 2011 Software Freedom Day. For more info please see http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mapping_Weekend and http://hiyashi.wordpress.com/

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An Introduction to OpenStreetMap and Paper Mapping (2011 Software Freedom Day)

  1. 1. An Introduction to OpenStreetMap Yuwei Lin Lecturer in Future MediaSchool of Media, Music and Performance University of Salford Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  2. 2. Psalter Map (1260)Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  3. 3. Desceliers World Map (1550) Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  4. 4. Politics of Maps● What information was recorded on a map?● Who made/drew the map?● Whom was the map made for?● Maps produced by the rich, the powerful, and to demonstrate certain views from certain dominant cultures (e.g., religions, empires)● More info - BBC4s The Beauty of Maps http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/beautyofmaps/index.s Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  5. 5. Cartography 2.0- possibility of reclaiming and remapping the world Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  6. 6. OpenStreetMap as Cartography 2.0● Open Source technologies + free / open access mapping data and geographical information● User-generated and user-participatory● A wiki map that gives users freedom to create, update, distribute, copy, modify, read, and re- distribute the mapping data and technologies● Customisable and extensible● Ideally, everyone can make maps for their own needs! Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  7. 7. OpenStreetMap Community History● 2004 July, founded by Steve Coast● 2006 April, a foundation was established to encourage the growth, development and distribution of free geospatial data and provide geospatial data for anybody to use and share.● 2006 December, Yahoo confirmed that OpenStreetMap could use its aerial photography as a backdrop for map production.● 2007 July, the 1st The State of the Map conference was held● Number of users to date 341630 http://www.openstreetmap.org/stats/data_stats.html http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Stats● http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/History Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  8. 8. Achievements of OpenStreetMap● Haiti and “Crises mapping” / Emergency mapping / Humanitarian mapping● Disability – mapping for the blind● Cycling Maps (Open Cycle Map, Cambridge) – perspective different from drivers ones (or walkers maps, mountaineers maps)● Overlaying data onto maps (e.g., tree data, open public information, locations of voting stations, poll results, crime data) Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  9. 9. WikiProject HaitiSoftware Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  10. 10. OSM for the Blind● http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/OSM_for_the_bli● http://www.blind.accessiblemaps.org/ Software and maps for the blind is usually expensive and also outdated. The blind community can help themselves update the maps. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  11. 11. Open Data & MapsSoftware Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  12. 12. Locative Media● http://www.maxamundo.com/cms/index.php● Geo-referenced information, geo retailing, location-based Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  13. 13. Technical implications● Open source – both the map and software are never finished products; they are perpetual beta (always under testing and improvement)● Fix the problems as you spot them.● User friendly tools such as Potlatch, the web-based map rendering interface is important for less tech-savvy people● Transparency● User-led innovation● Democratic design, public engagement and participation● Customisation Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  14. 14. Cultural Implications● POI (Points of interests)● You can define what is important (to be included in the maps) and how to name a place / a town● Encouraging local cultures and creativity● Visualise and/or organise your own content on a map using free / open content● Preserving local cultures (documenting local names, indigenous names )● Collaboration (peer production), not just competition● Acknowledgement, no plagiarism● No pirate software – use free software● Technologies are not black boxes; they can be opened up and reconfigured. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  15. 15. Economic Implications● Cheaper/Gratis maps● Maps are free to be used → no need of acquiring permission● Lots of different business models built on OSM: e.g., Bing, AOL, Ito, CloudMade● New business models built on open content, open data and open source technologies Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  16. 16. Educational Implications● Improve ones geospatial and computing literacy● Knowing your neighbourhood better (Community engagement) e.g., map the school, map the students homes, map local monuments and POIs (e.g., public telephone boxes)● Relevant to the students → Can do at home after training & Self motivating● Good preparation prior to class important – so many details need attention (e.g., health & safety regarding field trips, making map prints from walkingpapers.org, school computers need updating, installing Firefox, GPS did not work, performance problems with the OSM site, Login Process to Mapzen ) Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  17. 17. Social Implications● Building communities (a global OSM and many local communities)● Mapping parties (how to best organise mapping parties)● Social gatherings● Mutual learning and knowledge exchange (glo- cal)● Memory sharing (memory of a place, of a story) Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  18. 18. A Map Inspired by Free Software● Freedom ● Diversity● Openness ● Democracy● Networking ● Equality● Collaboration ● Mutuality Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  19. 19. Conclusion● Its your Map. Get involved! Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  20. 20. Devices for Mapping● GPS (Global Positioning System)● GPS-enabled devices e.g., GARMIN, TOMTOM, PIONEER AVIC, MIO, NAVMAN, MAGELLAN, Google Earth, GPS Exchange, LG Electronics, Blaupunkt, More under development● Digital camera● Digital recorder for audio mapping● Smart phones● Mapping papers + a pen Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  21. 21. Walking Papers● Print maps, draw on them, scan them back in and help OpenStreetMap improve its coverage of local points of interests and street detail. Walking Papers is a product of Stamen Designs Michal Migurski.● There are two ways to edit OpenStreetMap using this scanned map as a guide. 1) If you prefer to use the advanced OSM editor JOSM, check out the JOSM WalkingPapers Plugin. 2) You can also edit OpenStreetMap on the web with the web-based OSM editor Potlatch. You’ll need to log in with your OpenStreetMap account to do any editing in an interactive editing window with your scanned map in the background for a guide. . Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  22. 22. Paris, FRPrint map of thearea surrounding48°5124"N,2°1622"E MuetteSud, Paris, Ile-de-France, FR,France, created on2 Sep. 2011 with aprint ID t757rh7p Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  23. 23. Paris, FR (print map created on 02-09-11 with a print ID 86rqnmp5) Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  24. 24. Bremen, DEPrint map of thearea surrounding53°0428"N,8°4749"EAltstadt, Bremen,HB, DE, Germany,created on 2 Sep.2011 with a printID l4h47d5n Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  25. 25. An annotatedscanned mapThis scannedMap covers thearea near6°1612"N,75°3737"W SanCristóbal,Antioquia,Colombia(uploaded 25 Aug2011) Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  26. 26. Annotating housenumbers An annotated scanned map номера домов, названия улиц Covers the area near 53°2739"N, 56°0159"E Ishimbay, Bashkortostan, Russia Uploaded 25 Aug 2011 Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  27. 27. `Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  28. 28. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  29. 29. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  30. 30. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  31. 31. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  32. 32. Point/Place of Interests (POI)● POIs are places where youd like to visit. Along with other information (e.g., description, address), each POI has a named set of coordinates which refer to a specific point on the earth – made up of an intersection between a latitude number and longitude number.● Why are POIs important? ● POIs help you to record, present and locate information on a map ● POIs represent your interests, your preferences, your memories, your identities● Why creating your own POIs? ● POIs information missing, incorrect or out-of-date ● Most POI data generic ● To ensure accuracy and adequate representation of the locations of stuffs (things, monuments, attractions, restaurants, services...)● How to record POIs? ● Standards and agreements on terms → Compatibility● Privacy issue - where youve been, what youve created, what youre interested... Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  33. 33. What POIs can you create?● Favourite places – Share your favourite spots (restaurants, parks, pubs, shopping, cafe, tourists attractions,…almost anything!)● Bank/Cash machines – Ever have trouble finding a bank/cash machine that is from your bank?● Post Offices● Gas/Petrol Stations – Have a credit card with one of the gas stations you use? On the road, you often have no idea where your preferred gas station chain is located.● Car Park – with opening times and fares (if street parking, rules)● Benches in a park, plants,● Traffic and Construction – When driving, get a heads up on locations of speed and red light cameras. Find out construction zones and avoid them! Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  34. 34. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  35. 35. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  36. 36. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org
  37. 37. What can you use POIs for?If you are a business owner -● Sales & merchandising targets – provide specific easy-to-download sales locations for your reps to visit and comment on● Availability – set targets for your reps to expand product availability● Tourism – promote tourist locations and expand the health of your partners and economy● Real Estate – help your clients locate properties with ease● Business Visitors – set out a trade or facilities visit to key company or competitive locations● Geo-retailing (Anonymous Direct Marketing (ADM))For everyday use● Going on vacation? Browse through POIs for some great ideas!● Events – Look up the locations of the places where events are held. Software Freedom Day 17 September 2011 | Yuwei Lin | http://www.ylin.org

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