Introduction to FOSS <ul>By: Ahmed Mekkawy AKA linuxawy [email_address] </ul>
What's SFD? <ul><li>Software Freedom Day (SFD) is a worldwide celebration of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). </li></ul>
What will we talk about today <ul><li>Brief history about Free Software movement.
Some Concepts
FOSS in the future
A strategic look </li></ul>
History of GNU <ul><li>Richard Stallman (RMS)
A printer driver ??
What's GNU? Gnu's Not Unix :)
A project to stop companies monopoly of our computers. </li></ul>
Linux <ul><li>Linus Trovalds, the finnish guy.
Freax? No thanks, linux is better :)
Initially a terminal emulator, then  a kernel.
Tux, the official mascot. </li></ul>
GNU/Linux evolution in  the first 8 years
Examples of FOSS <ul><li>OS: GNU/Linux
Programming languages: C/C++, Ocaml, PHP, Python, Ruby, Lua, .. etc
Servers: Apache, MySQL, PostgreSQL, .. etc
End user applications: Firefox, OpenOffice.Org, VLC medial player, … etc </li></ul>
FOSS is not only in Software <ul><li>Wikipedia.org
OSWD.org (OpenSource Web Designs)
OpenCores.org (hardware)
Open Cola
Open Data ( scientific data)
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FOSS, history and philosophy

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FOSS, history and philosophy

  1. 1. Introduction to FOSS <ul>By: Ahmed Mekkawy AKA linuxawy [email_address] </ul>
  2. 2. What's SFD? <ul><li>Software Freedom Day (SFD) is a worldwide celebration of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). </li></ul>
  3. 3. What will we talk about today <ul><li>Brief history about Free Software movement.
  4. 4. Some Concepts
  5. 5. FOSS in the future
  6. 6. A strategic look </li></ul>
  7. 7. History of GNU <ul><li>Richard Stallman (RMS)
  8. 8. A printer driver ??
  9. 9. What's GNU? Gnu's Not Unix :)
  10. 10. A project to stop companies monopoly of our computers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Linux <ul><li>Linus Trovalds, the finnish guy.
  12. 12. Freax? No thanks, linux is better :)
  13. 13. Initially a terminal emulator, then a kernel.
  14. 14. Tux, the official mascot. </li></ul>
  15. 15. GNU/Linux evolution in the first 8 years
  16. 16. Examples of FOSS <ul><li>OS: GNU/Linux
  17. 17. Programming languages: C/C++, Ocaml, PHP, Python, Ruby, Lua, .. etc
  18. 18. Servers: Apache, MySQL, PostgreSQL, .. etc
  19. 19. End user applications: Firefox, OpenOffice.Org, VLC medial player, … etc </li></ul>
  20. 20. FOSS is not only in Software <ul><li>Wikipedia.org
  21. 21. OSWD.org (OpenSource Web Designs)
  22. 22. OpenCores.org (hardware)
  23. 23. Open Cola
  24. 24. Open Data ( scientific data)
  25. 25. ChemCollective.org </li></ul>
  26. 26. Quote <ul><li>You can’t better the world by simply talking to it. Philosophy to be effective must be mechanically applied. </li><ul><ul><li>Buckminster Fuller </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Some Concepts <ul><li>Unix
  28. 28. BSD
  29. 29. GNU tools
  30. 30. Linux kernel
  31. 31. GNU/Linux
  32. 32. GNU OS (GNU/Hurd, Debian GNU/Hurd)
  33. 33. Debian GNU/kFreeBSD </li></ul>
  34. 34. Philosophy <ul><li>“Free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer.”
  35. 35. Open Source is a development methodology; Free Software is a social movement.
  36. 36. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/ </li></ul>
  37. 37. 4 Freedoms <ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  38. 38. The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  39. 39. The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  40. 40. The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Licensing <ul><li>Copyleft.
  42. 42. GPL: grants the 4 freedoms, with other stuff too.
  43. 43. CreativeCommons: where GPL can't be used.
  44. 44. Others: BSD license, Apache license, … etc. </li></ul>
  45. 45. GNU/Linux Distributions <ul><li>It's an OS built based on Linux using GNU tools and lots of other FOSS projects.
  46. 46. Most famous ones currently are: </li><ul><li>Debian
  47. 47. Ubuntu
  48. 48. RHEL (RedHat) / CentOS
  49. 49. Fedora </li></ul><li>Currently active arabic distro is Ojuba and Joatha, the discontinued ones are alot, though. </li></ul>
  50. 50. FOSS Community & LUG <ul><li>If you didn't get it yet, free software can't be made with individuals, it needs a big community as it's based on code contributions.
  51. 51. Public recognition in such communities is a big motive for lots of people.
  52. 52. LUGs are local communities centered about FOSS, like EGLUG.org (Egypt GNU/Linux Users Group). </li></ul>
  53. 53. FOSS communities in the Egypt <ul><li>Linux Egypt
  54. 54. EGLUG.org
  55. 55. LinuxAC.org
  56. 56. Ubuntu Egypt
  57. 57. OSUM
  58. 58. FSF arabia, will it happen someday? </li></ul>
  59. 59. Quote <ul><li>You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete. </li><ul><ul><li>Buckminster Fuller </li></ul></ul></ul>
  60. 60. Future of FOSS <ul><li>PCs: </li><ul><li>GNU/Linux is gaining ground, rising quickly in usability in the last few years (which mainly was its drawback).
  61. 61. Companies jumped in (Google Chrome OS). </li></ul><li>Embedded systems: </li><ul><li>Gaining ground as currently writing an OS especially for an embedded system is not worth it in most of cases, simply install linux in lots of current systems. </li></ul><li>Mobile devices: </li><ul><li>The next (or current?) hype for linux. Android is linux based. But Maemo/Meego is the really interesting thing: Linux+GNU+Debian stack+X+Gnome+QT </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Quote <ul><li>First they ignore you, then they ridicule you, then they fight you, then you win. </li><ul><ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi </li></ul></ul></ul>
  63. 63. A Strategic look <ul><li>Our country is low on financial resources, which doesn't give us lots of fields to success at.
  64. 64. If we look at the software field without the FOSS, it's already dominated by big players. We can't compete with them cause we don't know the know-how of operating systems, database engines, .. etc. All we can do is some websites and somethings like that, but we can't touch the core technologies. </li></ul>
  65. 65. A Strategic look (Cont'd) <ul><li>FOSS gives us the knowledge, and IT doesn't mainly rely on big finance.
  66. 66. If we tried to work with proprietary software, we will be salesmen for the big players (For example who creates a website using .net and SQL server, forces his client to buy these licenses).
  67. 67. The know-how gives us the ability to enhance the current solutions and even create our own. So we won't be limited to waiting for new releases of proprietary software.
  68. 68. We shouldn't be controlled by a certain company/entity. </li></ul>
  69. 69. What's in it for me? <ul><li>End user: better and cheaper software.
  70. 70. Developer: very big learning resource, and technologies in continuous development.
  71. 71. An enterpruneur / business guy: dramatically lower costs, having better customization, more easy to create your own product or provide your services. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Bottom Line <ul><li>You got freedoms, it's your right. Use them, and ask for them.
  73. 73. You can help, so please contribute.
  74. 74. Free Software is a social movement, it's an idea you can apply within your life outside the software prespective. </li></ul>
  75. 75. To know more <ul><li>http://www.gnu.org
  76. 76. http://fsf.org
  77. 77. http://eglug.org
  78. 78. Revolution OS: the movie. </li></ul>

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