Visual DictionaryVisual Dictionary
Air Barrier PaperAir Barrier Paper
 Air Barrier paper isAir Barrier paper is
applied to theapplied to the
sheathing to re...
Gable VentGable Vent
 It is used to ventilateIt is used to ventilate
the attic space on athe attic space on a
Gable roof....
Roof TurbineRoof Turbine
 A roof turbine is usedA roof turbine is used
to transfer the air fromto transfer the air from
i...
Ridge VentRidge Vent
 The ridge vent isThe ridge vent is
located at the peak oflocated at the peak of
the roof and keepst...
Soffit VentSoffit Vent
 Soffit vents areSoffit vents are
located around thelocated around the
exterior of a buildingexter...
Batter boardsBatter boards
 Batter boards are boards placed at everyBatter boards are boards placed at every
corner of th...
BackhoeBackhoe
 A backhoe digsA backhoe digs
footings for buildingsfootings for buildings
and single familyand single fam...
Brick ArchBrick Arch
Brick ArchBrick Arch
Brick arch with KeystoneBrick arch with Keystone
Brick Bonds : Common BondBrick Bonds : Common Bond
Brick Bond: Herringbone BondBrick Bond: Herringbone Bond
RowlockRowlock
HeaderHeader
Header
Brick BondsBrick Bonds
 SoldierSoldier
 StretcherStretcher
 Flemish BondFlemish Bond
Brick SizeBrick Size
 StandardStandard
Width 3 ½”Width 3 ½”
Length 8”Length 8”
Height 2 ¼”Height 2 ¼”
Bick SizeBick Size
 ModularModular
Modular BrickModular Brick
Width 3-1/2”Width 3-1/2”
Length 7-1/2”Length 7-1/2”
Height ...
BulldozerBulldozer
A heavy, driver-operated machine forA heavy, driver-operated machine for
clearing and grading land, us...
Brick CladdingBrick Cladding
EFIS Clad StructureEFIS Clad Structure
Shake CladdingShake Cladding
 Wood cladding isWood cladding is
used on the exteriorused on the exterior
of homes as a typ...
Stone CladdingStone Cladding
 Random courseRandom course
 Ashlur PatternAshlur Pattern
Wood Board CladWood Board Clad
 Board and BattenBoard and Batten
Code requirements windowCode requirements window
 Actual measurementsActual measurements
 Width 34”Width 34”
 Height 30...
Code requirements WindowCode requirements Window
 IBC Requirements for this double hungIBC Requirements for this double h...
Code Requirements stairsCode Requirements stairs
 Measured- Tread was 10-1/4”Measured- Tread was 10-1/4”
Riser was 7”Rise...
Concrete JointsConcrete Joints
 Control joints ¼” deepControl joints ¼” deep
slab weaken by aslab weaken by a
recess join...
Isolation jointIsolation joint
 The slab is beingThe slab is being
isolated from the wallisolated from the wall
Concrete Masonry UnitConcrete Masonry Unit
 CMU’s primarily serveCMU’s primarily serve
as foundations,as foundations,
ret...
Decorative Concrete Masonry UnitDecorative Concrete Masonry Unit
 Ribbed blockRibbed block
Decorative CMUDecorative CMU
 Split BlockSplit Block
Exterior Panel DoorExterior Panel Door
 PanelPanel
 StileStile
 Top railTop rail
 Lock railLock rail
 Bottom railBott...
Electrical ComponentsElectrical Components
 Service Head – power hook up fromService Head – power hook up from
the power ...
Power PolePower Pole
 TransformerTransformer
Anchor Bolt #1Anchor Bolt #1
Sill plate #2Sill plate #2
Floor Joist #3Floor Joist #3
Subfloor #4Subfloor #4
Sole Plate #5Sole Plate #5
Stud #6Stud #6
Top Plate # 7Top Plate # 7
Ceiling Joist #8Ceiling Joist #8
Rafters #9Rafters #9
Roof Decking #10Roof Decking #10
Sheathing #11Sheathing #11
Stringer #12Stringer #12
Front End LoaderFront End Loader
 Front end loaderFront end loader
 It is used around theIt is used around the
job site ...
Gypsum BoardGypsum Board
 Gypsum board is aGypsum board is a
building material alsobuilding material also
referred to as ...
Heat pumpHeat pump
 Helps control theHelps control the
humidity in the air ashumidity in the air as
it heats and cools.it...
Air Handling UnitAir Handling Unit
 This unit absorbsThis unit absorbs
direct air and sendsdirect air and sends
air to th...
InsulationInsulation
 Any material that isAny material that is
added to a building toadded to a building to
slow down the...
Batte InsulationBatte Insulation
Loose Fill InsulationLoose Fill Insulation
Rigid Board InsulationRigid Board Insulation
LintelLintel
 Lintels are usuallyLintels are usually
steel or concretesteel or concrete
angles places over aangles places...
Mortar JointMortar Joint
 Tooled Mortar JointTooled Mortar Joint
3/8” thick. Type M3/8” thick. Type M
mortar used on amor...
Mortar JointsMortar Joints
 Troweled 3/8” thickTroweled 3/8” thick
mortar joint type Mmortar joint type M
used on a resid...
LavatoryLavatory
 1’ ½” drain pipe1’ ½” drain pipe
Water ClosetWater Closet
 3” drain line.3” drain line.
Manufactured Tub prior to GypsumManufactured Tub prior to Gypsum
BoardBoard
VTRVTR
 The VTR is used toThe VTR is used to
release the moisturerelease the moisture
inside the bathroominside the bathr...
Kitchen SinkKitchen Sink
 Drop in stainless steelDrop in stainless steel
PlywoodPlywood
 Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer,Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer,
glued and compressed t...
Radiant BarrierRadiant Barrier
 Helps to reflect theHelps to reflect the
heat of the sun out ofheat of the sun out of
the...
RebarRebar
 3/8” rebar helps3/8” rebar helps
reinforce the concretereinforce the concrete
and it makes itand it makes it
...
Steep Roof DrainageSteep Roof Drainage
 Gutter-used to direct water off the roofGutter-used to direct water off the roof
...
UnderlaymentUnderlayment
 15-30 pound building15-30 pound building
felt that is applied tofelt that is applied to
the roo...
Clay Tile RoofClay Tile Roof
Concrete ShinglesConcrete Shingles
Metal Panel RoofMetal Panel Roof
 galvanizedgalvanized
Gable RoofGable Roof
Hip RoofHip Roof
Steep Roof TermsSteep Roof Terms
 Ridge – highest point on a roof.Ridge – highest point on a roof.
 Valley- the sloping ...
Building Without FasciaBuilding Without Fascia
 Fascia – the boardFascia – the board
that runs along thethat runs along t...
Random RubbleRandom Rubble
Coursed RubbleCoursed Rubble
Random AshlarRandom Ashlar
Vapor RetarderVapor Retarder
 Vapor retarder isVapor retarder is
placed on the underplaced on the under
side of your home...
Water proofingWater proofing
 Sheets of plastic laid on the ground on topSheets of plastic laid on the ground on top
of t...
Weep HoleWeep Hole
 Weep holes allow theWeep holes allow the
water that getswater that gets
trapped behind thetrapped beh...
Welded Wire FabricWelded Wire Fabric
 Size 6”x6”Size 6”x6”
Casement Window #1Casement Window #1
 This is a casementThis is a casement
window. It is awindow. It is a
casement becaus...
Double Hung Window #2Double Hung Window #2
 This is a double hungThis is a double hung
window it is called thiswindow it ...
Fixed WindowFixed Window
 This is a fixed windowThis is a fixed window
because it doesn’tbecause it doesn’t
raise or lowe...
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visual dictionary

  1. 1. Visual DictionaryVisual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air Barrier PaperAir Barrier Paper  Air Barrier paper isAir Barrier paper is applied to theapplied to the sheathing to reducesheathing to reduce the leakage of airthe leakage of air through the joints intothrough the joints into the home.the home.
  3. 3. Gable VentGable Vent  It is used to ventilateIt is used to ventilate the attic space on athe attic space on a Gable roof.Gable roof.
  4. 4. Roof TurbineRoof Turbine  A roof turbine is usedA roof turbine is used to transfer the air fromto transfer the air from inside the attic to theinside the attic to the outside of the house.outside of the house.
  5. 5. Ridge VentRidge Vent  The ridge vent isThe ridge vent is located at the peak oflocated at the peak of the roof and keepsthe roof and keeps out snow and rain andout snow and rain and also allows the air toalso allows the air to circulate in the attic.circulate in the attic.
  6. 6. Soffit VentSoffit Vent  Soffit vents areSoffit vents are located around thelocated around the exterior of a buildingexterior of a building usually under theusually under the eaves.eaves.
  7. 7. Batter boardsBatter boards  Batter boards are boards placed at everyBatter boards are boards placed at every corner of the house and lines are pulledcorner of the house and lines are pulled off of these batter boards to help the blockoff of these batter boards to help the block layers stay on a straight line.layers stay on a straight line.
  8. 8. BackhoeBackhoe  A backhoe digsA backhoe digs footings for buildingsfootings for buildings and single familyand single family dwellings.dwellings. Dimensions of bucketDimensions of bucket 2‘ x 2’2‘ x 2’
  9. 9. Brick ArchBrick Arch
  10. 10. Brick ArchBrick Arch
  11. 11. Brick arch with KeystoneBrick arch with Keystone
  12. 12. Brick Bonds : Common BondBrick Bonds : Common Bond
  13. 13. Brick Bond: Herringbone BondBrick Bond: Herringbone Bond
  14. 14. RowlockRowlock
  15. 15. HeaderHeader Header
  16. 16. Brick BondsBrick Bonds  SoldierSoldier  StretcherStretcher  Flemish BondFlemish Bond
  17. 17. Brick SizeBrick Size  StandardStandard Width 3 ½”Width 3 ½” Length 8”Length 8” Height 2 ¼”Height 2 ¼”
  18. 18. Bick SizeBick Size  ModularModular Modular BrickModular Brick Width 3-1/2”Width 3-1/2” Length 7-1/2”Length 7-1/2” Height 2-1/4”Height 2-1/4”
  19. 19. BulldozerBulldozer A heavy, driver-operated machine forA heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually havingclearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydrauliccontinuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front.blade in front.
  20. 20. Brick CladdingBrick Cladding
  21. 21. EFIS Clad StructureEFIS Clad Structure
  22. 22. Shake CladdingShake Cladding  Wood cladding isWood cladding is used on the exteriorused on the exterior of homes as a type ofof homes as a type of siding.siding.  Shake cladding isShake cladding is split from woodsplit from wood  Wood shingles areWood shingles are mass produced inmass produced in suaressuares
  23. 23. Stone CladdingStone Cladding  Random courseRandom course  Ashlur PatternAshlur Pattern
  24. 24. Wood Board CladWood Board Clad  Board and BattenBoard and Batten
  25. 25. Code requirements windowCode requirements window  Actual measurementsActual measurements  Width 34”Width 34”  Height 30-1/2’’Height 30-1/2’’  Area 34’’x30-1/2’’ is 7.20 sq.ft.Area 34’’x30-1/2’’ is 7.20 sq.ft.  Sill Height 21-3/4’’ AFFSill Height 21-3/4’’ AFF
  26. 26. Code requirements WindowCode requirements Window  IBC Requirements for this double hungIBC Requirements for this double hung window arewindow are  Width 34-1/4’’Width 34-1/4’’  Height 24’’Height 24’’  Area 5.7 sq. ft.Area 5.7 sq. ft.  Sill Max 44” AFFSill Max 44” AFF
  27. 27. Code Requirements stairsCode Requirements stairs  Measured- Tread was 10-1/4”Measured- Tread was 10-1/4” Riser was 7”Riser was 7”  Allowed By IBC code- Tread 10-11”Allowed By IBC code- Tread 10-11” minimum. Riser 7-3/4” maximum.minimum. Riser 7-3/4” maximum.  These stairs do fall with in the parametersThese stairs do fall with in the parameters of the measurement required for stairof the measurement required for stair safety. So it does meet the IBC codesafety. So it does meet the IBC code requirements.requirements.
  28. 28. Concrete JointsConcrete Joints  Control joints ¼” deepControl joints ¼” deep slab weaken by aslab weaken by a recess joint in hopesrecess joint in hopes to relieve stress offto relieve stress off the concrete.the concrete.
  29. 29. Isolation jointIsolation joint  The slab is beingThe slab is being isolated from the wallisolated from the wall
  30. 30. Concrete Masonry UnitConcrete Masonry Unit  CMU’s primarily serveCMU’s primarily serve as foundations,as foundations, retaining walls, andretaining walls, and fireplaces. Actualfireplaces. Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8”5/8” x 15 5/8”
  31. 31. Decorative Concrete Masonry UnitDecorative Concrete Masonry Unit  Ribbed blockRibbed block
  32. 32. Decorative CMUDecorative CMU  Split BlockSplit Block
  33. 33. Exterior Panel DoorExterior Panel Door  PanelPanel  StileStile  Top railTop rail  Lock railLock rail  Bottom railBottom rail
  34. 34. Electrical ComponentsElectrical Components  Service Head – power hook up fromService Head – power hook up from the power pole to the residencethe power pole to the residence  Meter- measures how much power isMeter- measures how much power is usedused  Service Panel- contains the mainService Panel- contains the main breakers to the housebreakers to the house  Duplex receptacle- a doubleDuplex receptacle- a double receptaclereceptacle
  35. 35. Power PolePower Pole  TransformerTransformer
  36. 36. Anchor Bolt #1Anchor Bolt #1
  37. 37. Sill plate #2Sill plate #2
  38. 38. Floor Joist #3Floor Joist #3
  39. 39. Subfloor #4Subfloor #4
  40. 40. Sole Plate #5Sole Plate #5
  41. 41. Stud #6Stud #6
  42. 42. Top Plate # 7Top Plate # 7
  43. 43. Ceiling Joist #8Ceiling Joist #8
  44. 44. Rafters #9Rafters #9
  45. 45. Roof Decking #10Roof Decking #10
  46. 46. Sheathing #11Sheathing #11
  47. 47. Stringer #12Stringer #12
  48. 48. Front End LoaderFront End Loader  Front end loaderFront end loader  It is used around theIt is used around the job site haul dirt andjob site haul dirt and gravel and push dirtgravel and push dirt around the site.around the site.
  49. 49. Gypsum BoardGypsum Board  Gypsum board is aGypsum board is a building material alsobuilding material also referred to as gypsumreferred to as gypsum board. It is made ofboard. It is made of gypsum plastergypsum plaster pressed between twopressed between two sheets.sheets.
  50. 50. Heat pumpHeat pump  Helps control theHelps control the humidity in the air ashumidity in the air as it heats and cools.it heats and cools.
  51. 51. Air Handling UnitAir Handling Unit  This unit absorbsThis unit absorbs direct air and sendsdirect air and sends air to the ducts.air to the ducts.
  52. 52. InsulationInsulation  Any material that isAny material that is added to a building toadded to a building to slow down theslow down the conduction of heatconduction of heat flow, most criticalflow, most critical spaces to insulate arespaces to insulate are the exterior walls andthe exterior walls and atticsattics
  53. 53. Batte InsulationBatte Insulation
  54. 54. Loose Fill InsulationLoose Fill Insulation
  55. 55. Rigid Board InsulationRigid Board Insulation
  56. 56. LintelLintel  Lintels are usuallyLintels are usually steel or concretesteel or concrete angles places over aangles places over a window to helpwindow to help support the span ofsupport the span of the movie.the movie.
  57. 57. Mortar JointMortar Joint  Tooled Mortar JointTooled Mortar Joint 3/8” thick. Type M3/8” thick. Type M mortar used on amortar used on a residential homeresidential home
  58. 58. Mortar JointsMortar Joints  Troweled 3/8” thickTroweled 3/8” thick mortar joint type Mmortar joint type M used on a residentialused on a residential home.home.
  59. 59. LavatoryLavatory  1’ ½” drain pipe1’ ½” drain pipe
  60. 60. Water ClosetWater Closet  3” drain line.3” drain line.
  61. 61. Manufactured Tub prior to GypsumManufactured Tub prior to Gypsum BoardBoard
  62. 62. VTRVTR  The VTR is used toThe VTR is used to release the moisturerelease the moisture inside the bathroominside the bathroom or house onto theor house onto the streets.streets.
  63. 63. Kitchen SinkKitchen Sink  Drop in stainless steelDrop in stainless steel
  64. 64. PlywoodPlywood  Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer,Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer, glued and compressed together.glued and compressed together.
  65. 65. Radiant BarrierRadiant Barrier  Helps to reflect theHelps to reflect the heat of the sun out ofheat of the sun out of the attic.the attic.
  66. 66. RebarRebar  3/8” rebar helps3/8” rebar helps reinforce the concretereinforce the concrete and it makes itand it makes it stronger.stronger.
  67. 67. Steep Roof DrainageSteep Roof Drainage  Gutter-used to direct water off the roofGutter-used to direct water off the roof into the downspout.into the downspout.  Downspout- transfer the water downDownspout- transfer the water down the gutters into the ground.the gutters into the ground.  Splashblock-the block of manySplashblock-the block of many different types of materials that set updifferent types of materials that set up at the bottom of the downspout so thatat the bottom of the downspout so that the water doesn’t erode the ground.the water doesn’t erode the ground.
  68. 68. UnderlaymentUnderlayment  15-30 pound building15-30 pound building felt that is applied tofelt that is applied to the roof prior tothe roof prior to shingling to act as ashingling to act as a support againstsupport against moisture.moisture.
  69. 69. Clay Tile RoofClay Tile Roof
  70. 70. Concrete ShinglesConcrete Shingles
  71. 71. Metal Panel RoofMetal Panel Roof  galvanizedgalvanized
  72. 72. Gable RoofGable Roof
  73. 73. Hip RoofHip Roof
  74. 74. Steep Roof TermsSteep Roof Terms  Ridge – highest point on a roof.Ridge – highest point on a roof.  Valley- the sloping intersection of twoValley- the sloping intersection of two roof plainsroof plains  Eave- lowest horizontal edge of theEave- lowest horizontal edge of the low side of the sloping roof.low side of the sloping roof.  Rake- sloping corner of roofRake- sloping corner of roof  Soffit- undersurface of the horizontalSoffit- undersurface of the horizontal rafters along the exterior.rafters along the exterior.  Fascia- board that runs along the edgeFascia- board that runs along the edge of the houseof the house
  75. 75. Building Without FasciaBuilding Without Fascia  Fascia – the boardFascia – the board that runs along thethat runs along the edge of homes.edge of homes.
  76. 76. Random RubbleRandom Rubble
  77. 77. Coursed RubbleCoursed Rubble
  78. 78. Random AshlarRandom Ashlar
  79. 79. Vapor RetarderVapor Retarder  Vapor retarder isVapor retarder is placed on the underplaced on the under side of your home toside of your home to keep moisture fromkeep moisture from seeping from theseeping from the ground throughground through insulation into yourinsulation into your homehome
  80. 80. Water proofingWater proofing  Sheets of plastic laid on the ground on topSheets of plastic laid on the ground on top of the gravel to aid in keeping moisture outof the gravel to aid in keeping moisture out of the house and keep the warm air in.of the house and keep the warm air in.
  81. 81. Weep HoleWeep Hole  Weep holes allow theWeep holes allow the water that getswater that gets trapped behind thetrapped behind the brick walls to escapebrick walls to escape at the bottom.at the bottom.
  82. 82. Welded Wire FabricWelded Wire Fabric  Size 6”x6”Size 6”x6”
  83. 83. Casement Window #1Casement Window #1  This is a casementThis is a casement window. It is awindow. It is a casement because itcasement because it swings open.swings open.
  84. 84. Double Hung Window #2Double Hung Window #2  This is a double hungThis is a double hung window it is called thiswindow it is called this because there arebecause there are two windowstwo windows
  85. 85. Fixed WindowFixed Window  This is a fixed windowThis is a fixed window because it doesn’tbecause it doesn’t raise or lower orraise or lower or swing in and outswing in and out

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