Air Barrier PaperAir Barrier Paper
Air Barrier paper isAir Barrier paper is
applied to theapplied to the
sheathing to reducesheathing to reduce
the leakage of airthe leakage of air
through the joints intothrough the joints into
the home.the home.
Gable VentGable Vent
It is used to ventilateIt is used to ventilate
the attic space on athe attic space on a
Gable roof.Gable roof.
Roof TurbineRoof Turbine
A roof turbine is usedA roof turbine is used
to transfer the air fromto transfer the air from
inside the attic to theinside the attic to the
outside of the house.outside of the house.
Ridge VentRidge Vent
The ridge vent isThe ridge vent is
located at the peak oflocated at the peak of
the roof and keepsthe roof and keeps
out snow and rain andout snow and rain and
also allows the air toalso allows the air to
circulate in the attic.circulate in the attic.
Soffit VentSoffit Vent
Soffit vents areSoffit vents are
located around thelocated around the
exterior of a buildingexterior of a building
usually under theusually under the
Batter boardsBatter boards
Batter boards are boards placed at everyBatter boards are boards placed at every
corner of the house and lines are pulledcorner of the house and lines are pulled
off of these batter boards to help the blockoff of these batter boards to help the block
layers stay on a straight line.layers stay on a straight line.
A backhoe digsA backhoe digs
footings for buildingsfootings for buildings
and single familyand single family
Dimensions of bucketDimensions of bucket
2‘ x 2’2‘ x 2’
A heavy, driver-operated machine forA heavy, driver-operated machine for
clearing and grading land, usually havingclearing and grading land, usually having
continuous treads and a broad hydrauliccontinuous treads and a broad hydraulic
blade in front.blade in front.
Shake CladdingShake Cladding
Wood cladding isWood cladding is
used on the exteriorused on the exterior
of homes as a type ofof homes as a type of
Shake cladding isShake cladding is
split from woodsplit from wood
Wood shingles areWood shingles are
mass produced inmass produced in
Stone CladdingStone Cladding
Random courseRandom course
Ashlur PatternAshlur Pattern
Wood Board CladWood Board Clad
Board and BattenBoard and Batten
Code requirements windowCode requirements window
Actual measurementsActual measurements
Width 34”Width 34”
Height 30-1/2’’Height 30-1/2’’
Area 34’’x30-1/2’’ is 7.20 sq.ft.Area 34’’x30-1/2’’ is 7.20 sq.ft.
Sill Height 21-3/4’’ AFFSill Height 21-3/4’’ AFF
Code requirements WindowCode requirements Window
IBC Requirements for this double hungIBC Requirements for this double hung
window arewindow are
Width 34-1/4’’Width 34-1/4’’
Height 24’’Height 24’’
Area 5.7 sq. ft.Area 5.7 sq. ft.
Sill Max 44” AFFSill Max 44” AFF
Code Requirements stairsCode Requirements stairs
Measured- Tread was 10-1/4”Measured- Tread was 10-1/4”
Riser was 7”Riser was 7”
Allowed By IBC code- Tread 10-11”Allowed By IBC code- Tread 10-11”
minimum. Riser 7-3/4” maximum.minimum. Riser 7-3/4” maximum.
These stairs do fall with in the parametersThese stairs do fall with in the parameters
of the measurement required for stairof the measurement required for stair
safety. So it does meet the IBC codesafety. So it does meet the IBC code
Concrete JointsConcrete Joints
Control joints ¼” deepControl joints ¼” deep
slab weaken by aslab weaken by a
recess joint in hopesrecess joint in hopes
to relieve stress offto relieve stress off
the concrete.the concrete.
Isolation jointIsolation joint
The slab is beingThe slab is being
isolated from the wallisolated from the wall
Concrete Masonry UnitConcrete Masonry Unit
CMU’s primarily serveCMU’s primarily serve
as foundations,as foundations,
retaining walls, andretaining walls, and
fireplaces. Actualfireplaces. Actual
dimensions 7 5/8” x 7dimensions 7 5/8” x 7
5/8” x 15 5/8”5/8” x 15 5/8”
Electrical ComponentsElectrical Components
Service Head – power hook up fromService Head – power hook up from
the power pole to the residencethe power pole to the residence
Meter- measures how much power isMeter- measures how much power is
Service Panel- contains the mainService Panel- contains the main
breakers to the housebreakers to the house
Duplex receptacle- a doubleDuplex receptacle- a double
Front End LoaderFront End Loader
Front end loaderFront end loader
It is used around theIt is used around the
job site haul dirt andjob site haul dirt and
gravel and push dirtgravel and push dirt
around the site.around the site.
Gypsum BoardGypsum Board
Gypsum board is aGypsum board is a
building material alsobuilding material also
referred to as gypsumreferred to as gypsum
board. It is made ofboard. It is made of
gypsum plastergypsum plaster
pressed between twopressed between two
Heat pumpHeat pump
Helps control theHelps control the
humidity in the air ashumidity in the air as
it heats and cools.it heats and cools.
Air Handling UnitAir Handling Unit
This unit absorbsThis unit absorbs
direct air and sendsdirect air and sends
air to the ducts.air to the ducts.
Any material that isAny material that is
added to a building toadded to a building to
slow down theslow down the
conduction of heatconduction of heat
flow, most criticalflow, most critical
spaces to insulate arespaces to insulate are
the exterior walls andthe exterior walls and
Lintels are usuallyLintels are usually
steel or concretesteel or concrete
angles places over aangles places over a
window to helpwindow to help
support the span ofsupport the span of
the movie.the movie.
Mortar JointMortar Joint
Tooled Mortar JointTooled Mortar Joint
3/8” thick. Type M3/8” thick. Type M
mortar used on amortar used on a
residential homeresidential home
Mortar JointsMortar Joints
Troweled 3/8” thickTroweled 3/8” thick
mortar joint type Mmortar joint type M
used on a residentialused on a residential
Water ClosetWater Closet
3” drain line.3” drain line.
Manufactured Tub prior to GypsumManufactured Tub prior to Gypsum
The VTR is used toThe VTR is used to
release the moisturerelease the moisture
inside the bathroominside the bathroom
or house onto theor house onto the
Kitchen SinkKitchen Sink
Drop in stainless steelDrop in stainless steel
Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer,Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer,
glued and compressed together.glued and compressed together.
Radiant BarrierRadiant Barrier
Helps to reflect theHelps to reflect the
heat of the sun out ofheat of the sun out of
the attic.the attic.
3/8” rebar helps3/8” rebar helps
reinforce the concretereinforce the concrete
and it makes itand it makes it
Steep Roof DrainageSteep Roof Drainage
Gutter-used to direct water off the roofGutter-used to direct water off the roof
into the downspout.into the downspout.
Downspout- transfer the water downDownspout- transfer the water down
the gutters into the ground.the gutters into the ground.
Splashblock-the block of manySplashblock-the block of many
different types of materials that set updifferent types of materials that set up
at the bottom of the downspout so thatat the bottom of the downspout so that
the water doesn’t erode the ground.the water doesn’t erode the ground.
15-30 pound building15-30 pound building
felt that is applied tofelt that is applied to
the roof prior tothe roof prior to
shingling to act as ashingling to act as a
support againstsupport against
Steep Roof TermsSteep Roof Terms
Ridge – highest point on a roof.Ridge – highest point on a roof.
Valley- the sloping intersection of twoValley- the sloping intersection of two
roof plainsroof plains
Eave- lowest horizontal edge of theEave- lowest horizontal edge of the
low side of the sloping roof.low side of the sloping roof.
Rake- sloping corner of roofRake- sloping corner of roof
Soffit- undersurface of the horizontalSoffit- undersurface of the horizontal
rafters along the exterior.rafters along the exterior.
Fascia- board that runs along the edgeFascia- board that runs along the edge
of the houseof the house
Building Without FasciaBuilding Without Fascia
Fascia – the boardFascia – the board
that runs along thethat runs along the
edge of homes.edge of homes.
Vapor RetarderVapor Retarder
Vapor retarder isVapor retarder is
placed on the underplaced on the under
side of your home toside of your home to
keep moisture fromkeep moisture from
seeping from theseeping from the
ground throughground through
insulation into yourinsulation into your
Water proofingWater proofing
Sheets of plastic laid on the ground on topSheets of plastic laid on the ground on top
of the gravel to aid in keeping moisture outof the gravel to aid in keeping moisture out
of the house and keep the warm air in.of the house and keep the warm air in.
Weep HoleWeep Hole
Weep holes allow theWeep holes allow the
water that getswater that gets
trapped behind thetrapped behind the
brick walls to escapebrick walls to escape
at the bottom.at the bottom.