Materials: Week 9 - Natural Light


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Materials: Week 9 - Natural Light

  1. 1. Interior + Environmental Design MATERIALS Natural Light
  2. 2. LIGHT > PATHEON, ROMEThe Pantheon was commissioned as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome. The central point of itis the great eye, or oculus. It’s symbolic of how the sun is the source of all light on earth. Throughoutthe day, the light from the oculus moves around the space in a sort of reverse sundial effect. Pantheon, Rome, Italy, AD 125 : Unknown Architect
  3. 3. LIGHT > ‘SHADE’ INSTALLATION, ART INSTITUTE CHICAGO‘Shade’ is a responsive skin to windows that lters daylight into a moving projection of shadows thattranslates the changing natural timeline of the outdoors to the static indoor space. Each triangle islinked to sensors that monitor wind currents, causing the panels to change their level of opacity. ‘Shade’ Installation, Art Institute Chicago : Simon Heijdens
  4. 4. LIGHT > HOUSE N, JAPAN Located in Japan, this unique house design by is like a Russian doll. This contemporary residence is comprised of three shells of graduated size, and layered to create a nested effect. House N, Japan : Sou Fujimoto Architects
  5. 5. LIGHT > HOUSE N, JAPAN The trio of walls creates an enhanced sense of privacy from the street, while the unique and multiple windows maintain a relationship between indoors and out by allowing plenty of natural light and ventilation. House N, Japan : Sou Fujimoto Architects
  6. 6. LIGHT > LIQUID SKY, NEW YORKLiquid Sky, which is a temporary event space, aims to immerse the viewer in kaleidoscopic patternsof color created by sunlight ltering through an array of translucent, tinted petals that resembleblossoming owers of stained glass. The installation can change from day-to-day and hour-to-hour. Liquid Sky, New York : Ball-Nogues
  7. 7. LIGHT > DAYLIGHT ENTRANCE, STOCKHOLMDaylight Entrance is an installation of LED panels replicating daylight on a dark staircase inStockholm. The designer’s intention was to replicated the positive sensation of sunlight as boththe entrance and staircase have no natural light. Daylight Entrance, Stockholm : Daniel Rybakken
  8. 8. LIGHT > L INSTITUT DU MONDE ARABEThis building’s glazed elevation uses a decorative mechanised screen to modify the light coming intoit. The building brings together traditional methods of screening with sophisticated technology toproduce an elevation that adapts to varying external light levels to modify the interior environment. L’ Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, 1987 : Jean Nouvel Architects
  9. 9. LIGHT > HOUSE WITH A CREST’, JAPANLight becomes a key player in this house design. ‘A light that penetrates into the architecture alwaysmoves and never stays. It is a symbolic spectacle’, according to the architect. ‘A light that goesthrough the hole is projected in a circle shape, moves unlimitedly, and never stays.’ ‘House with a Crest’, Japan : Eastern Design Office
  10. 10. LIGHT > RIPPLED TABLEStephen Holl is known for blending light with the details of his architectural design but his worksare also admired for their spiritual qualities and this is very apparent in his Ripped Table whichfeatures many incisions made within ultrathin, laser-cut wood and synthetic materials. Rippled Table : Steven Holl
  11. 11. LIGHT > SETRE CHAPEL, JAPANThe quality of light within this Japanese chapel is intimately linked with the exterior environment,and changes throughout the day before climaxing with the spectacular sunsets. It uses the naturalphenomena of the site to imbue the space with a sense of the sacred and the surreal. Setre Chapel, Kobe, Japan : Ryuichi Ashizawa
  12. 12. LIGHT > WEST VILLAGE TOWNHOUSE, NEW YORKContemporary architects are pushing the window size into window walls that were once reserved forcostly commercial projects. The concept of day-lighting is a growing trend and this renovation is agreat example of maximising the existing openings to spread light throughout the home. West Village Townhouse, New York : Architect Unknown
  13. 13. LIGHT > ‘OUT OF THE BOX’ HOUSE, INDIAApart from adding architectural interest these perforated walls in the ‘Out of the Box’ house alsoserve to passively cool and ventilate the house. The leaf-motif holes within these concrete exteriorwalls cast playful spots of sunlight onto an indoor courtyard. Out of the Box House, India : Cadence
  14. 14. LIGHT > PRIVATE HOUSE, JAPANThe architect of this home describes the design as consisting of just two elements: ‘roof and wall’. Theroof is like a reverse umbrella, which allows rain to fall into the interior courtyard. Inside, walls aredescribed as ‘windmills’, offering a natural ow from one living area to the next.   Private House, Japan : Daisuke Maeda
  15. 15. LIGHT > SUNLIGHT TRANSPORT SYSTEMSwedish company Parans has developed a system of rooftop solar panels that collect sunlight andthen transport it via ber optic cables to illuminate light-deprived rooms inside a house. By bringingoutdoor natural light inside, a connection is re-established with the outside environment. Sunlight Transport System : Parans
  16. 16. LIGHT > CHRISTUS PAVILLION, GERMANYErected for the World Expo, the Christus Pavilion is a building with a majestic atmosphere. Itsfascade is composed of double glass plates lled with a diverse range of small artifacts whichintercept light in differing ways and create various shadows and pattern on the space within. Christus Pavilion, Germany : Meinhard von Gerkan
  17. 17. LIGHT > DOMINUS WINERY, CALIFORNIAThe gabion structure of the Dominus Winery dissolves into the landscape. Filled with basalt rocks, thestainless steel baskets are an aesthetic and technical choice. Light lters through the masses, formingan ever-changing weave which depends on atmospheric conditions and the shapes of the stones. Dominus Winery, California : Herzog & de Meuron
  18. 18. LIGHT > PERFORATED HOUSE, AUSTRALIABlurring the boundaries between public and private spaces, indoors and out, this homes exterior isre ective by day, boasting a solid look adorned with graphics despite being perforated to allow lightto pass. By night the home becomes a modern, semi-transparent light box. Perforated House, Australia : Kavellaris Urban Design
  19. 19. LIGHT > HOLOCAUST TOWER, JEWISH MUSEUM, BERLINWithin Daniel Liebskind’s Jewish Museum, visitors get ‘closed in’ to the Holocaust Tower and look upinto near darkness. It is lit only by a single narrow slit high above the ground and the bare and emptytower pays tribute to the numerous Jewish victims of mass murder. Holocaust Tower, Jewish Museum, Berlin : Daniel Liebskind
  20. 20. LIGHT > ‘THE IDEA OF A TREE’Mischer’Traxler have created a solar-powered machine that makes furniture, with the shape andcolour of each product determined by the amount of sunlight available. It automatically starts atsunrise and stops at sunset; an item made in the winter will be shorter than one made in summer. ‘The Idea of a Tree’ : Mischer’Traxler
  21. 21. LIGHT > LOUVRE, ABU DHABIThe proposed architecture of the Louvre in Abu Dhabi is described by architect Jean Nouvel as an‘island on the island’: a micro-city of small buildings, ponds and landscaping, covered with a lacydome ‘which lets a diffuse, magical light come through in the best tradition of Arabian architecture’. Louvre, Abu Dhabi : Jean Nouvel Architects
  22. 22. LIGHT > RAVENSBOURNE COLLEGE, LONDONForeign Office Architects have completed the new campus for Ravensbourne College. The tiledfaçade is perforated with round windows of varying sizes. Perforations on the north side are largerand more frequent than those in the south side to regulate light levels. Ravensbourne College, London : Foreign Office Architects
  23. 23. LIGHT > OR2, LONDONOR² sculpture comprises a series of polygonal segments with integrated photovoltaic cells whichreact to light and become translucent in the shade, and coloured when hit by sunlight. At night,energy stored during the day powers LEDs on the surface to transform it into a giant chandelier. OR2, London : Orproject
  24. 24. LIGHT > BAUMSCHULENWEG CREMATORIUM, BERLINThe Baumschulenweg Crematorium is both simpleand complex. It provides an experience that uses thematerials of concrete and light to suggest a calm,contemplative space in which to re ect and consider. Baumschulenweg Crematorium, Berlin, Germany, 1998 : Axel Schultes & Charlotte Frank
  25. 25. LIGHT > BAUMSCHULENWEG CREMATORIUM, BERLIN Baumschulenweg Crematorium, Berlin, Germany, 1998 : Axel Schultes & Charlotte Frank
  26. 26. Questions……..?Twitter: @linseymcintosh