LinkedIn - A Professional Network built with Java Technologies and Agile Practices

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  • Dr. Maged Hamouda
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  • This answered my query of whehter java is used to make large scale social networking websites and got this slideshow while surfing. Now I am definitely going with Java for the social networking site I am going to build. : ) Yeayy...
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  • Great and interesting slides. Thanks for sharing

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  • 1. LinkedIn: A Professional Social Network Built with Java™ Technologies and Agile Practices Nick Dellamaggiore, Principal Software Engineer Eishay Smith, Senior Software Engineer
  • 2. Learn how Java™ and agile practices are employed in building large-scale consumer internet sites like LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional network. 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 2
  • 3. Agenda LinkedIn(troduction) Agile engineering process Architecture Building LinkedIn with Java™ Questions/Discussion 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 3
  • 4. 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 4
  • 5. LinkedIn Your professional identity on the web The site The numbers • Launched in 2003 • 22 million members • 3 degree network • 4+ million unique visitors/month • Strong focus on privacy • 40 million page views/day The company • 2 million searches/day • Profitable since 2006 • 250K invitations sent/day • 250 employees • 1 million answers posted • Based in Mountain View, CA • We’re hiring! 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 5
  • 6. Engineering Process Release often • Short, 2-4 week development cycles All dev tasks are broken down into small, manageable engineering cards Strong focus on testing Minimize meetings, status (standup meetings as needed) 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 6
  • 7. Engineering Cards 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 7
  • 8. Testing 6500+ unit and integration tests 500 HtmlUnit tests Large-scale Hudson deployment • 20+ nodes • Continuous integration build/smoke test on SVN commit • Nightly test run (full test suite) 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 8
  • 9. “Celebrities” Test Network 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 9
  • 10. Hudson 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 10
  • 11. Testing… Lessons Learned Test suite too focused on integration • Long running time • Long-running setup/teardown routine • Exacerbated by move to SOA • Tests become redundant due to overlapping integration tests • Better: use mocks (EasyMock works great) 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 11
  • 12. Architecture 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 12
  • 13. LinkedIn Architecture: 2003-2005 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 13
  • 14. LinkedIn Architecture: 2006 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 14
  • 15. LinkedIn Architecture: Today 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 15
  • 16. LinkedIn Architecture: Today 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 16
  • 17. Service-oriented Architecture Benefits Caveats • Each service can scale • Diminished data integrity, independently consistency • Encourages decoupling, reduces • No cross-service transactions, code+deployment dependencies referential integrity or joins • Graceful degradation of • Backward compatibility functionality • “8 Fallacies of Distributed Computing” Takeaways • Not applicable to small or simple sites, startups • Build services with interfaces, POJOs, dependency injection • Be conscious of API design, granularity 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 17
  • 18. Services 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 18
  • 19. The Cloud Backend server caching the entire LinkedIn Network Graph cache • Updated via Databus • Persisted to disk on shutdown Transient network cache • Computationally intensive to build • Bound to member session • Sticky load balancing to Cloud Graph operations: • findRoute(m1, m2) • visit(visitor, deg) • visit(visitor, deg, since) 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 19
  • 20. The Cloud The numbers 22M nodes, 120 million edges 12 GB JVM heap • In-memory caches implemented in C++, accessed via JNI 40 Cloud server instances deployed in production 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 20
  • 21. LinkedIn News Part of a new trend in LinkedIn Crawling the web for news • Distributed task management • Parsing technologies: StAX, Rome Indexing and searching • Serving the right news to the right people Duplications Duplications Duplications • Real time problem, fast solution • 500 articles batch = 125K compares 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 21
  • 22. News Service Architecture 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 22
  • 23. LinkedIn: 99% Pure Java™ Plumbing Services Tier Web Tier Tools Spring Remoting LinkedIn Spring Louis (in-house fwk) Hudson (CI) ActiveMQ Eh-cache Spring MVC Eclipse+Mylyn Quartz Lucene Grails JIRA/Greenhopper HttpClient Jetty DWR JUnit, HtmlUnit 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 23
  • 24. Why we love Java™ at LinkedIn Static typing is a lifesaver • Huge codebase, 1M+ lines of code • Refactoring with confidence • Code navigation (via IDE) • 20 active branches, compiler helps with merging • Scaling the engineering organization • Currently 50+ engineers, 8 teams… and growing • Excellent talent pool of Java™ engineers to hire from Community 2008 JavaOneSM Conference | java.com.sun/javaone | 24
  • 25. LinkedIn: A Professional Social Network Built with Java™ Technologies and Agile Practices Nick Dellamaggiore (http://www.linkedin.com/in/nick) Eishay Smith (http://www.linkedin.com/in/eishay) We’re hiring!