Linguistic Landscape Main Corridor of Penn Station New York City
<ul><li>Penn Station services 600,000 riders per day at a rate of about 1,000 every 90 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>The orig...
Research Questions: <ul><li>1- Because Penn Station is used by people of many ethnicities in a diverse city, will most sig...
Functional Spaces <ul><li>Ticket, Track and Railroad Information Stands </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Shopping  </li></ul><ul...
Genre’s Within Functional Space <ul><li>Storefront Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Posters or Advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>Dir...
Storefront Signs <ul><li>Thirty  storefront signs total were found. </li></ul><ul><li>Nineteen  of these were Monolingual....
<ul><li>Monolinguistic signs with English Only- 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Monolinguistic with a language other then English- 3 ...
Posters and Advertisements <ul><li>There were  Six  advertisements found. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL  were monolinguistic featu...
Directions and Information <ul><li>Top-down signs </li></ul><ul><li>This genre includes: Restrooms, exits, ticket informat...
<ul><li>There were a total of  nineteen  top-down signs found. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten  of these were monolingual with Engli...
English Only Signs <ul><li>This sign may apply to all passengers, but only the English speaking ones will know that the tr...
<ul><li>If a person cannot read English, this sign has a map that shows them how to get to the new location of the custome...
Multilingual <ul><li>These “passenger welfare” posters are written in more then one language.  Is it because the MTA cares...
Languages Heard American English Latin American Spanish Hindu (?) Korean
Findings <ul><li>English is the dominant language in Penn Station, by far. </li></ul><ul><li>A possible reason why might b...
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Penn Station

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Penn Station

  1. 1. Linguistic Landscape Main Corridor of Penn Station New York City
  2. 2. <ul><li>Penn Station services 600,000 riders per day at a rate of about 1,000 every 90 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>The original Penn Station was completed in 1910 and demolished in 1963. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research Questions: <ul><li>1- Because Penn Station is used by people of many ethnicities in a diverse city, will most signs be multilingual or is English used as the “Lingua Franca”? </li></ul><ul><li>2- What are the most common languages used in signs around Penn Station? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Functional Spaces <ul><li>Ticket, Track and Railroad Information Stands </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Waiting Area </li></ul>
  5. 5. Genre’s Within Functional Space <ul><li>Storefront Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Posters or Advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>Directions or Informational Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Languages Heard </li></ul>
  6. 6. Storefront Signs <ul><li>Thirty storefront signs total were found. </li></ul><ul><li>Nineteen of these were Monolingual. Three were totally not English and Sixteen were English only. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight of these signs were names. </li></ul><ul><li>Three were abbreviations. </li></ul><ul><li>NONE were multilingual! </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Monolinguistic signs with English Only- 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Monolinguistic with a language other then English- 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Multilingual signs- 0 </li></ul><ul><li>Names- 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviations- 3 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Posters and Advertisements <ul><li>There were Six advertisements found. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL were monolinguistic featuring English Only. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Directions and Information <ul><li>Top-down signs </li></ul><ul><li>This genre includes: Restrooms, exits, ticket information, safety information, and directions. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the signs were icons that can be recognized cross-culturally. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>There were a total of nineteen top-down signs found. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten of these were monolingual with English only </li></ul><ul><li>Six were icons only, no words at all </li></ul><ul><li>Two were multilingual </li></ul><ul><li>One had icons and English </li></ul>
  11. 11. English Only Signs <ul><li>This sign may apply to all passengers, but only the English speaking ones will know that the train schedule has changed. </li></ul><ul><li>This sign has directions for help in English only (and the elevator numbers are worn off) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>If a person cannot read English, this sign has a map that shows them how to get to the new location of the customer service desk. </li></ul>English and Icons
  13. 13. Multilingual <ul><li>These “passenger welfare” posters are written in more then one language. Is it because the MTA cares, or because they want to “cover their bases”? </li></ul>English Dominant
  14. 14. Languages Heard American English Latin American Spanish Hindu (?) Korean
  15. 15. Findings <ul><li>English is the dominant language in Penn Station, by far. </li></ul><ul><li>A possible reason why might be because English is the standard language in America, even if it is not the official language. </li></ul><ul><li>Could linguistic prejudice come into play? </li></ul><ul><li>Surprisingly, I found no graffiti or flyers posted around Penn Station. </li></ul>
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