The Rise of
Democracy2000 B.C.
Athens
Rome
Middle Ages
Renaissance
Reformation
Enlightenment
American Revolution
A.D. 1800
The Legacy of
Ancient
Greece and Rome
THE GREEKS
Athens, Greece (2000 B.C. - 500
B.C.)
powerful city-state
citizens* had rights and
responsibilities
*Citizenshi...
The Greek
PhilosophersNatural Laws - all things in the natural
world follow predictable patterns
Reason & Logic - respect ...
The Greek
PhilosophersSocrates (469 B.C. - 399 B.C.)
Socratic Method - question/answer
Plato (428 B.C. - 348 B.C.)
The Rep...
The Romans
Roman Contributions (509 B.C.)
Republic - A form of government in
which power rests with citizens who
elect lea...
Roman Law
Rome brought conquered lands into the Roman
Empire and tried to rule with laws based on reason and
justice.
4 Pr...
Greeks vs. Romans
Quick WriteQuick Write
List the similarities and differences between theList the similarities and differ...
Possible Thoughts
Similarities – Both set lasting standards in government,
philosophy, and thought. Believed that an indiv...
Judeo-Christian
Tradition
Judeo-Christian
Tradition
Greeks & Romans Hebrews
You have dignity
because of your ability
to think
(REASON)
You have dign...
Judeo-Christian
Tradition
Legacy of Judeo-Christian Religions
Written legal code (Ten
Commandments)
Duty of the individual...
Think-Pair-ShareThink-Pair-Share
How did the Judeo-ChristianHow did the Judeo-Christian
tradition and the legacy of Greekt...
Possible Thoughts
The right and worth of the individual
Philosophical and ethical values that shape
the types of governmen...
The Middle Ages
Feudalism & The Magna Carta
The Middle Ages
Feudal Social Pyramid
King
Powerful Lords
Lesser Lords
Knights
Serfs
Fiefs
(land grants)
Nobles
(worked fo...
The King Loses Power
King John
War with France ($ & land)
Raised taxes
King John forced to sign the Magna
Carta
King vs. N...
The King Loses Power
Magna Carta (1215)
Limited Monarchy
Permission from Parliament necessary to raise taxes
King must res...
Democracy Develops in England
Mary II & William III of Orange
Democracy Develops in England
The Glorious Revolution
King James II - Catholic
Parliament supported his Protestant daughte...
The Renaissance
The Renaissance
The Middle Ages
War/Plague
Fewer laborers Higher wages
Fewer business opportunities More art
ex. Medici fa...
The Renaissance
Renaissance...(1300-1600)
Rejected the Medieval view that life on earth was
merely preparation for life af...
The Ideal Renaissance
Man/Woman
A young man should be
well educated in Greek
and Latin classics. He
should be charming,
po...
...the ideal Renaissance man and
woman...
Medieval Art vs. Renaissance Art
The Reformation
The Reformation: Causes
• Renaissance emphasis on the individual
• Corruption in the Catholic Church
• Gutenberg’s Printin...
Martin Luther
• Martin Luther
– Believed that faith alone
was the key to salvation
• Catholic Church
– Selling Indulgences...
The Reformation
• Martin Luther reacts...(October
1517)
– 95 Theses
• Salvation only by faith and good
works
• Teachings b...
The Reformation
• (1520) Martin Luther is excommunicated
• Luther and his followers become “Lutherans”
– Many northern Ger...
England Becomes Protestant
• King Henry VIII
– Devout Catholic, but the Pope
would not annul his marriage
(1527)
– Reforma...
Henry’s Wives
Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour
Anne
of Cleves
Catherine
Howard
Catherine
Parr
Why it matters...
The Renaissance and Reformation’s
questioning of ideas and authority laid
the groundwork for the Scienti...
The Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolution
Renaissance Reformation
Rebirth of learning:
People questioned old
ways of thinking
Religious Mo...
The Scientific Revolution
• New ways of thinking...
– The Scientific Method
• Observation
• Question
• Hypothesis
• Experi...
The Scientific Revolution
Heliocentric
(Copernicus) - sun is
the center of the
universe
Geocentric (The
Medieval View ) -
...
The Scientific Revolution
• Galileo Galilei
– Telescope
– Starry Messenger (1610)
• Supported the laws of Copernicus
• Aga...
Galileo vs. The Catholic Church
“With sincere heart and unpretended faith I abjure, curse,
and detest the aforesaid errors...
The Scientific Revolution
• Isaac Newton
– Gravity - earth has power to
draw objects to it
• The same force ruled
motion o...
The Scientific Revolution
• The Scientific Revolution spreads...
– Microscope (1590)
– Mercery Barometer (1634)
– Thermome...
The Scientific Revolution
Ideas from the Renaissance, Reformation and
Scientific Revolution brought...
•
A Secular outlook...
The Enlightenment in Europe
Chapter 6 Section 2 & 3
Enlightenment in Europe
• Enlightenment (mid 1700s)- An intellectual movement
that stressed reason and thought and the pow...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Thomas Hobbes
– “Leviathan” (1651)
• Basic nature of man is bad
• Social Contract - People agree...
Enlightenment in Europe
• John Locke
– Basic nature of man is good
– All men have natural rights
• Life, Liberty, Property...
Thomas Hobbes John Locke
basic nature of man is
bad
basic nature of man is
good
people enter a social
contract where they
...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Mary Wollstonecraft
– “A Vindication of the Rights of Women” (1792)
– Education for women
– Wome...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Philosophs (France)- Thinkers who believe reason
should be applied to all aspects of life
– Just...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet)
– Tolerance - freedom of religion
– Satire against clergy, aris...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Baron de Montesquieu
– Separation of powers
• English example:
– Executive - enforce law
– Legis...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Jean Jacques Rousseau
– In a state of nature...
• Man is good
• Man has natural rights
• All men...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Denis Diderot
– Encyclopedia (1751)
• Helped to spread
enlightenment ideas
– Banned by the Catho...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Adam Smith
– Laissez Faire - allowing
business to run free of
government control
– Invisible Han...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Enlightened Despots
(Absolute rulers used their
power to bring social and
political change)
– Ca...
Enlightenment in Europe
• Lives of the majority...
– Peasants
– Serfdom
• Not until the 1800s would
the lives of the major...
Why it matters...
Enlightenment thinkers challenged
divine right of monarchs, the union of
church and state, and the exist...
The American Revolution
Chapter 6 Section 4
Britain & Its American Colonies
Colonies distinct but all shared a
sense of independence from Britain
Britain & Its American Colonies
• Navigation Acts (1651)
• French and Indian War (1754)
• The Stamp Act (1765)
– Taxation ...
The American Revolution
• July 1776 Second
Continental Congress
– The Declaration of
Independence
• Thomas Jefferson
Which...
The Deceleration of Independence
“When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary
for one people to dissolve the ...
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,
and that they are endowed by their Creator with c...
The American Revolution
• Britain vs. The Colonists
– Stronger army vs. Motivation &
French alliance
Treaty of Paris (1781...
Constitution of the United States
“We the People of the United States, in
order to form a more perfect Union,
establish Ju...
Constitution of the United States
• Constitutional Convention (1787)
– Representative Government
– Federal System
• Power ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Ro d updated lindsey

335

Published on

Rise of Democracy

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
335
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Ro d updated lindsey"

  1. 1. The Rise of Democracy2000 B.C. Athens Rome Middle Ages Renaissance Reformation Enlightenment American Revolution A.D. 1800
  2. 2. The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome
  3. 3. THE GREEKS Athens, Greece (2000 B.C. - 500 B.C.) powerful city-state citizens* had rights and responsibilities *Citizenship denied to women, slaves and foreign residents. Direct Democracy - citizens make laws directly Pericles (led Athens 461 B.C. - 429 B.C.)
  4. 4. The Greek PhilosophersNatural Laws - all things in the natural world follow predictable patterns Reason & Logic - respect for human intelligence
  5. 5. The Greek PhilosophersSocrates (469 B.C. - 399 B.C.) Socratic Method - question/answer Plato (428 B.C. - 348 B.C.) The Republic ideal form of government: Philosopher Kings The intelligent should rule. feared mob rule Aristotle (384 B.C. - 322 B.C.) Wrote Politics ideal form of government: properly educated middle class Philosopher Kings give advice but remain independent S P A
  6. 6. The Romans Roman Contributions (509 B.C.) Republic - A form of government in which power rests with citizens who elect leaders to make decisions. Written Legal Code – applied equally to all citizens
  7. 7. Roman Law Rome brought conquered lands into the Roman Empire and tried to rule with laws based on reason and justice. 4 Principles of Roman Law All citizens had the right to equal treatment under the law A person was considered innocent until proven guilty The burden of proof rests with the accuser, not the accused. Any law that seems unreasonable, may be set aside.
  8. 8. Greeks vs. Romans Quick WriteQuick Write List the similarities and differences between theList the similarities and differences between the Greeks’ and RomansGreeks’ and Romans’’ view of government.view of government. Who had a bigger influence on our society today?Who had a bigger influence on our society today? Provide evidence.Provide evidence.
  9. 9. Possible Thoughts Similarities – Both set lasting standards in government, philosophy, and thought. Believed that an individual is a citizen in a state rather than the subject of a ruler. Differences – Greece is a direct democracy while Rome is a republic. Greece developed democracy, the Romans added representative government. Influences Today – We elect representatives to make decisions on our behalf, but we have great influence from Athenian Democracy. For example, political power for all citizens, three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial). Plato’s Philosopher Kings can be seen in the Enlightenment through Enlightened Despots.
  10. 10. Judeo-Christian Tradition
  11. 11. Judeo-Christian Tradition Greeks & Romans Hebrews You have dignity because of your ability to think (REASON) You have dignity because you’re a child of God Scripture teaches us we are created in His image
  12. 12. Judeo-Christian Tradition Legacy of Judeo-Christian Religions Written legal code (Ten Commandments) Duty of the individual within the community Worth of the individual Equality of people before God Evangelical - Christians spread their beliefs across the Roman Empire
  13. 13. Think-Pair-ShareThink-Pair-Share How did the Judeo-ChristianHow did the Judeo-Christian tradition and the legacy of Greektradition and the legacy of Greek and Rome impact democraticand Rome impact democratic thinking?thinking?
  14. 14. Possible Thoughts The right and worth of the individual Philosophical and ethical values that shape the types of governments and expressions of democracy that develop The need for justice and equality Representation and citizen participation are important features of democracies around the world
  15. 15. The Middle Ages Feudalism & The Magna Carta
  16. 16. The Middle Ages Feudal Social Pyramid King Powerful Lords Lesser Lords Knights Serfs Fiefs (land grants) Nobles (worked for king in return from protection and land) ystem of rigid class distinctions and a static or unchanging way of
  17. 17. The King Loses Power King John War with France ($ & land) Raised taxes King John forced to sign the Magna Carta King vs. Nobles
  18. 18. The King Loses Power Magna Carta (1215) Limited Monarchy Permission from Parliament necessary to raise taxes King must respect the law Why is this document important?
  19. 19. Democracy Develops in England Mary II & William III of Orange
  20. 20. Democracy Develops in England The Glorious Revolution King James II - Catholic Parliament supported his Protestant daughter Mary 1689 Mary and William of Orange crowned co-rulers of England Constitutional Monarchy Power of the ruler is restricted by the constitution English Bill of Rights Limited power of the monarchy Liberties essential to the people
  21. 21. The Renaissance
  22. 22. The Renaissance The Middle Ages War/Plague Fewer laborers Higher wages Fewer business opportunities More art ex. Medici family http://www.history.com/videos/humanism-triggers-the-renaissance#humanism- triggers-the-renaissance
  23. 23. The Renaissance Renaissance...(1300-1600) Rejected the Medieval view that life on earth was merely preparation for life after death – Religion replaced with a humanistic view of life (Worldly/Secular) – Focus on the individual http://www.history.com/topics/italian-renaissance/videos#the-renaissance
  24. 24. The Ideal Renaissance Man/Woman A young man should be well educated in Greek and Latin classics. He should be charming, polite, and witty. He should be able to dance, write poetry, sing, and play music. In addition, he should be physically graceful and strong; a skilled rider, wrestler, and swordsman, Upper class women of the Renaissance were as well educated as the men. Women too were expected to know the classics, to write well, to paint, to make music, to dance, and be charming. Yet they were not expected to seek fame as men did. They were expected to inspire poetry and art but rarely create it.
  25. 25. ...the ideal Renaissance man and woman...
  26. 26. Medieval Art vs. Renaissance Art
  27. 27. The Reformation
  28. 28. The Reformation: Causes • Renaissance emphasis on the individual • Corruption in the Catholic Church • Gutenberg’s Printing Press
  29. 29. Martin Luther • Martin Luther – Believed that faith alone was the key to salvation • Catholic Church – Selling Indulgences (pardons) ing an indulgence was like purchasing your ticket to hea
  30. 30. The Reformation • Martin Luther reacts...(October 1517) – 95 Theses • Salvation only by faith and good works • Teachings based only on the bible • People of faith are equal and do not need priests to interpret the bible http://www.history.com/videos/martin-luther-sparks-a-revolution#martin-luther-sparks-a-revolution
  31. 31. The Reformation • (1520) Martin Luther is excommunicated • Luther and his followers become “Lutherans” – Many northern German princes supported Lutheranism and signed a protest against others who stayed loyal to the Church (1529) – Protestant: non-Catholic Christians Reformation Rap: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dt5AJr0wls0&feature=related
  32. 32. England Becomes Protestant • King Henry VIII – Devout Catholic, but the Pope would not annul his marriage (1527) – Reformation Parliament (1529) • Ended the Pope’s power in England and Replaced it with the King’s – Anglican Church English Reformation: http://www.history.com/videos/protestand-reformation-english-reformation#protestand- reformation-english-reformation
  33. 33. Henry’s Wives Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour Anne of Cleves Catherine Howard Catherine Parr
  34. 34. Why it matters... The Renaissance and Reformation’s questioning of ideas and authority laid the groundwork for the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment!
  35. 35. The Scientific Revolution
  36. 36. The Scientific Revolution Renaissance Reformation Rebirth of learning: People questioned old ways of thinking Religious Movement: Forced people to challenge their views on God and salvation Scholars began challenging old ideas Exploring Africa, Asia, Americas New inventions spread ideas
  37. 37. The Scientific Revolution • New ways of thinking... – The Scientific Method • Observation • Question • Hypothesis • Experimentation • Conclusion
  38. 38. The Scientific Revolution Heliocentric (Copernicus) - sun is the center of the universe Geocentric (The Medieval View ) - earth is the center of the universe
  39. 39. The Scientific Revolution • Galileo Galilei – Telescope – Starry Messenger (1610) • Supported the laws of Copernicus • Against the teachings of the church – “Psalm 93:1 “the world is firmly established and cannot be moved” – Ecclesiastes 1:5 “And the sun rises and sets and returns to its place” – Galileo stands trial for heresy(1632)
  40. 40. Galileo vs. The Catholic Church “With sincere heart and unpretended faith I abjure, curse, and detest the aforesaid errors and heresies and also every other error...contrary to the Holy Church, and I swear that in the future I will never again saw or assert...anything that might cause a similar suspicion towards me.”
  41. 41. The Scientific Revolution • Isaac Newton – Gravity - earth has power to draw objects to it • The same force ruled motion of the planets and all matter on earth and in space http://www.history.com/videos/isaac-newton-and-a-scientific-revolution# isaac-newton-and-a-scientific-revolution
  42. 42. The Scientific Revolution • The Scientific Revolution spreads... – Microscope (1590) – Mercery Barometer (1634) – Thermometer (1714) – “On the Structure of the Human Body” (1543) – Smallpox Vaccine (Late 1700s)
  43. 43. The Scientific Revolution Ideas from the Renaissance, Reformation and Scientific Revolution brought... • A Secular outlook of life • Critical look at society in an effort to improve it • Everything tested by the standard of reason
  44. 44. The Enlightenment in Europe Chapter 6 Section 2 & 3
  45. 45. Enlightenment in Europe • Enlightenment (mid 1700s)- An intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought and the power of the individual to solve problems. “The Age of Reason”
  46. 46. Enlightenment in Europe • Thomas Hobbes – “Leviathan” (1651) • Basic nature of man is bad • Social Contract - People agree to give up rights to a strong ruler in order for security. • Absolute ruler is best
  47. 47. Enlightenment in Europe • John Locke – Basic nature of man is good – All men have natural rights • Life, Liberty, Property – Government must protect these rights – Government must have consent of the governed
  48. 48. Thomas Hobbes John Locke basic nature of man is bad basic nature of man is good people enter a social contract where they give up freedom in exchange for security all men have natural rights (life, liberty, property) best government is one where the ruler is absolute government is responsible for protecting rights - limited gov. once entered, a contract can’t be broken, even if the ruler is a tyrant government must have the consent of the governed
  49. 49. Enlightenment in Europe • Mary Wollstonecraft – “A Vindication of the Rights of Women” (1792) – Education for women – Women in medicine and politics • Salons - Women of Paris held social gatherings with philosophers, writers, artists, and scientists
  50. 50. Enlightenment in Europe • Philosophs (France)- Thinkers who believe reason should be applied to all aspects of life – Just like Newton applied reason to discover physical laws in the field of science, reason should be used to discover the natural laws that govern society.
  51. 51. Enlightenment in Europe • Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet) – Tolerance - freedom of religion – Satire against clergy, aristocracy and government – Freedom of speech... “I do not agree with a word you say but will defend to the death your right to say it.”
  52. 52. Enlightenment in Europe • Baron de Montesquieu – Separation of powers • English example: – Executive - enforce law – Legislative - make law – Judicial - interpret law “Power should be a check to power.”
  53. 53. Enlightenment in Europe • Jean Jacques Rousseau – In a state of nature... • Man is good • Man has natural rights • All men are equal – Society corrupts us • To preserve man’s freedom a government must have consent of the governed & direct democracy “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains.”
  54. 54. Enlightenment in Europe • Denis Diderot – Encyclopedia (1751) • Helped to spread enlightenment ideas – Banned by the Catholic Church
  55. 55. Enlightenment in Europe • Adam Smith – Laissez Faire - allowing business to run free of government control – Invisible Hand - self interest & competition can lead to economic prosperity
  56. 56. Enlightenment in Europe • Enlightened Despots (Absolute rulers used their power to bring social and political change) – Catherine The Great (Russia 1762-1796) • absolute rule w/limited reforms
  57. 57. Enlightenment in Europe • Lives of the majority... – Peasants – Serfdom • Not until the 1800s would the lives of the majority change.
  58. 58. Why it matters... Enlightenment thinkers challenged divine right of monarchs, the union of church and state, and the existence of social classes... Their theories inspired American and French revolutionary movements
  59. 59. The American Revolution Chapter 6 Section 4
  60. 60. Britain & Its American Colonies Colonies distinct but all shared a sense of independence from Britain
  61. 61. Britain & Its American Colonies • Navigation Acts (1651) • French and Indian War (1754) • The Stamp Act (1765) – Taxation w/o representation • The Boston Massacre (1770) • The Boston Tea Party (1773)
  62. 62. The American Revolution • July 1776 Second Continental Congress – The Declaration of Independence • Thomas Jefferson Which enlightenment philosophers influenced Jefferson?
  63. 63. The Deceleration of Independence “When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinion of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
  64. 64. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, and that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness...”
  65. 65. The American Revolution • Britain vs. The Colonists – Stronger army vs. Motivation & French alliance Treaty of Paris (1781)- Americans win their independence!
  66. 66. Constitution of the United States “We the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America.” James Madison “Father of the Constitution”
  67. 67. Constitution of the United States • Constitutional Convention (1787) – Representative Government – Federal System • Power divided between national and state governments – Three Branches of Government • Legislative, Executive, Judicial – Bill of Rights Romans, Locke, Rousseau, Hobbes Montesquieu Voltaire, Locke, Rousseau, English Bill of Rights, Magna Carta
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×