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Transcript

  • 1. THE CALL OF THE WILD By Jack London
  • 2. Jack London
    • 1876-1916
    • American author, journalist, and social activist
    • Passionate about unionization, socialism, the rights of workers
    • Wrote a dystopian novel, The Iron Heel
  • 3. Family Life
    • Parents weren’t legally married, but lived the “married” life
    • London’s mother thought London’s father was possessed by an Indian chief when she got pregnant
    • Father wanted mother to have an abortion
    • Mother shot herself, but missed
    • Mother had baby, but gave him to slave to raise for the first year of his life
  • 4. Childhood
    • Mother married Civil War veteran, John London
    • The new family of three moved to San Francisco and then to Oakland
    • London at the age of nine with dog, Rollo
  • 5. Gold Rush and First Success
    • Joined in the Klondike Rush
    • Trip turned to be detrimental for London
    • London got scurvy, which caused him to lose his four front teeth, facial scars, and pain in his hips and legs.
  • 6. Marriages
    • Married Bessie and had two children, Joan and Becky
    • After four years, the marriage was dissolved
    • His next marriage was to Charmain Kittredge, which was a nymphomaniac
    • London was a cheater!
  • 7. Beauty Ranch
    • Beauty Ranch was London’s dream
    • Spent $80,000 ($1,930,00 nowadays) to build his dream home
    • The house he named “Wolf House” was 15,000 sq. ft.
    • Two weeks before his dream home was done, it burnt down
    • It is now a National Landmark called Jack London State Historic Park
  • 8. Plagiarism
    • The Call of the Wild  My Dogs in the Northland
      • London wrote author a letter thanking him for the idea
    • Moon Face  The Passing of the Cock-Eye Blacklock
      • Based on the same newspaper event
    • Love of Life  Lost in the Land of the Midnight Sun
      • New York World published both stories side by side, showing how similar they were to each other
    • The Bishop’s Vision  The Bishop of London & Public Morality
      • The author of TBOLPM demanded that London pay him 1/60 th of the royalties he received (London said no)
  • 9. Death of London
    • Some say that he committed suicide by drug overdose (morphine)
    • His death certificate sites uremia as the cause of death
    • Died on a sleeping porch on his cottage on Beauty Ranch
    • Buried with his second wife
  • 10. The Beginnings of TCOTW
    • On January 26, 1903, London submitted TCOTW to Saturday Evening Post
    • SEP agreed to publish it, but London was instructed to cut the text by 5000 words and name his price
    • He agreed to cut the text and wanted 3¢ a word, which was $750
    • Macmillian, a publishing company, bought the text for $2000
  • 11. TCOTW History
    • Begins on an estate in Santa Clara Valley
    • The setting of the story is based off the Bond Family Farm, where he spent much time
    • Buck, the protagonist, is based off a St. Bernard/Scotch shepherd mix dog that the Bond brothers lent to London
    • TCOTW is a story about Buck’s fight to survive