Transcript of "The South African Qualifications Framework"
The SouthAfricanQualificationsFrameworkA Basic Framework
2Historical Overview:Pre-1922 Company specific apprenticeship contracts1922 Apprenticeship Act1930, 1944, 1950 Amendments -apprenticeships Apprenticeship Committees by trade / industry / area1981 Manpower Training Act Black workers could enter apprenticeship Industry Training Boards – voluntary, with voluntary levies1995 South African Qualifications Authority Act - NQF1998 Skills Development Act & 1999 Levies Act Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) with focus on whole workforce (not only artisans), mandatory skills levy2008 Amendment Quality Council for Trades and Occupationsto SDA (national not sectoral standards for ‘trades and occupations’
3 Pre-2008 ETQAs on NQF – Source QCTO 2012Department of Education Pre-2009 NQF Pre-2008 Labour Department of SETAs with learnerships incl. ‘structured learning’(?) CHE with HEQF (Band ~ ‘Higher’) S S S S E E E E T T T T A A A A Umalusi with school and college qualifications a b c & (Band ~ General and Further)
Post 2008 CHE (NQF 5 – 10) SAQA Umalusi QCTO (GETC & (NQF 1 – FET NQF 2 10) - 4)
5Quality Councils3 Quality Council’s (standards setting and QA of qualificationsQuality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) = NQF Levels 1 - 10Umalusi - (GETC & FET NQF Levels – 2- 4)CHE - NQF Levels 5 - 10SAQA to enhance ‘communication, co-ordination and collaboration’
6QCTO mandate inS26 h 3 , SDA, 2008 Establishing and maintaining occupational standards and qualifications; The quality assurance of occupational standards and qualifications and learning in and for the workplace; Designing and developing occupational standards and qualifications and submitting them to the SAQA for registration on the NQF; Ensuring the quality of occupational standards and qualifications and learning in and for the workplace;
7 NQF Level 10 2 9 Professionals 1 Managers OFO and NQF 8(NB All 10 levels) 7 3 Technicians and 6 Associate Professionals Occupational 6 7 5 qualifications 4 5 Skilled Agricultural, Plant and Machine Clerical Service within the Major 4 Support Forestry, Fishery, and Sales Craft & Related Operators and Workers Workers Groups of the 3 Trades Workers Assemblers OFO - mapped against the NQF 2 8 Elementary levels – Source QCTO 2012 1 Occupations 7
OccupationalQualification An occupational qualification: Defines the learning required to be competent to practice an occupation; Or an occupational specialisation in a range of working contexts in both the formal and informal economy; In the public and private sectors. All occupational qualifications are linked to the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO) and must: Be ‘fit-for-purpose’, Reflect workplace requirements, i.e. be demand or opportunity led and not supply driven.
OccupationalQualification Expert Practitioners design occupational qualifications. Occupational qualification seeks to qualify a learner to practice an occupation, Reflected on the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO); Or an occupational specialisation related to an occupation that is reflected on the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO).
10THE OCCUPATIONAL QUALIFICATION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
STEPS RESPONSIBLE QUALIFICATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROCESSSubmit 8 DQP & QDFDevelopAssessment 7 QDF with Expert Practitioners,Specifications AQP & EducationalistsManage Verifi- 6 DQP with Constituency Groupcation ProcessDevelop QDF with Expert Practi- tioners, AQP &Module and 5 EducationalistsSubjectSpecificationsManage DQP with Expert Source:Verification 4 Practitioners and QCTO 2012Process AQPDevelop DQP with ExpertOccupational 3 Practitioners &Profile AQPOversee Scoping QCTMeeting with 2 OConstituency StaffReceive andProcess Application1 QCTO Staff Service Level Occupationa Learning Com- Occupational Qualification Occupational Agreement l Profile ponent Curriculum Assessment Qualification RESULTS Specifications Specifications (C+D) (DQP & AQP) (& Internal (B+C) (External) Assessment) A B C D E
12Type of qualificationTwo types: National Occupational Qualification (more than 120 credits) National Occupational Award (less than 120 and more than 25 credits)Title of qualification: Linked to occupation on OFO and reflecting occupational specialisation in brackets (where applicable) Not reflecting learning field Three types of standards Knowledge / Theory (minimum 20%) Practical Skills (minimum 20%) Work Experience (minimum 20 %)
13Type of qualificationTwo types: National Occupational Qualification (more than 120 credits) National Occupational Award (less than 120 and more than 25 credits)Title of qualification: Linked to occupation on OFO and reflecting occupational specialisation in brackets (where applicable) Not reflecting learning field Three types of standards Knowledge / Theory (minimum 20%) Practical Skills (minimum 20%) Work Experience (minimum 20 %)
OccupationalCurriculum Characteristics of occupational curricula – Different from an educational curriculum; Covers : Occupational profile - based on occupational tasks; Specifications for 3 learning components (subjects, practical skills & work experience): Internal assessment criteria per subject and practical skills module and work experience record per work experience module; Skills Development Provider accreditation requirements per subject and practical skills module and workplace approval requirement per work experience module; Exemptions 14
ASSESSMENTSPECIFICATIONS Focus is on external summative assessment to determine occupational competence through the use of nationally standardised assessment processes and instruments. Assessment specifications will cover: Purpose of the occupational qualification External assessment model Qualification outcomes to be assessed (in each Phase) Assessment criteria for each outcome Eligibility requirements to qualify for the external assessment Criteria for registration of assessors (experts i.e spraypainter) 15
17 National Occupational Pathways Framework (NOPF)i. Business Administration, Information Services, Human Resources and Teaching Related Occupationsii. Finance, Insurance, Sales, Marketing, Retail and Logistics Related Occupationsiii. Accommodation, Food Preparation and Cleaning Services Related Occupationsiv. Farming, Forestry, Nature Conservation, Environment and Related Science Occupationsv. Medical, Social & Welfare, Sports and Personal Care Related Occupationsvi. Security and Law Related Occupationsvii. Visual Arts, Design, Installation, Maintenance, Extraction and Construction Related Occupationsviii. Production Related Occupationsix. Transportation, Materials Moving and Mobile Plant Operating Related Occupations.
Schematic overview of the Occupational Curriculum Framework 18