Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Native Plants For Oregon’S Willamette Valley

12,684

Published on

A show to introduce members of the public to selected native plants of Oregon's Willamette Valley that are good species for landscapes, gardens, and restoration projects.

A show to introduce members of the public to selected native plants of Oregon's Willamette Valley that are good species for landscapes, gardens, and restoration projects.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
12,684
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
49
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Native Plants for Oregon’s Willamette Valley<br />Linda R McMahan, Ph.D.<br />Botanist and Community Horticulturist<br />Oregon State University Extension Service<br />linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.edu<br />
  • 2. Why native plants? <br />The most reliable species<br />Different plants for different purposes<br />Which species attract the wildlife you want to encourage and enjoy<br />What You Might Like to Know <br />Native camas, Camassia sp.<br />
  • 3. Why Native Plants<br />Native Plants are: <br />Already adapted to our weather and soils<br />Reminders of our natural surroundings<br />Support for local insects, birds and other wildlife<br />Beneficial for stream health<br />Hardy and relatively disease free<br />Beautiful<br />Western mock orange, Philadelphuslewesii<br />
  • 4. Trees in the Landscape<br /><ul><li> Structure
  • 5. Shade
  • 6. Protection
  • 7. Vertical Interest</li></ul>Grand fir, Abiesgrandis and western red cedar, Thujaplicata<br />
  • 8. Oregon ash – Fraxinuslatifolia<br />
  • 9. Oregon ash<br />Tree to 80 ft <br />Tolerates moist / seasonally wet soils<br />Wildlife value:<br />Food<br />Cover<br />Nesting sites <br />
  • 10. Oregon oak<br />Quercusgarryana<br />
  • 11. Oregon oak<br />Tall, deciduous, slow-growing <br />Fallen leaves can suppress weeds & work well in compost<br />Cannot tolerate summer irrigation<br />
  • 12. Bigleaf maple<br />Acer macrophyllum<br />
  • 13. Big Leaf MapleAcer macrophyllum<br />Stately tree<br />Use large leaves for weed suppression or compost<br />Once established requires no added water, but can support a shady lawn<br />
  • 14. Ponderosa pine – Pinus ponderosa<br />
  • 15. Ponderosa pine<br />Tall, but usually ok near structures<br />Full sun<br />Dry sites east of Cascades<br />West of Cascades, the Willamette Valley form withstands wetter sites<br />
  • 16. Western red cedar – Thuja plicata<br />
  • 17. Western red cedar<br />Grows near but not in water<br />Sun, part sun<br />Mature tree can be very tall<br />
  • 18. Vine maple – Acer circinnatum<br />
  • 19. Vine maple<br />Graceful understory tree, prefers part shade<br />Slow growing<br />Readily available<br />
  • 20. Osoberry(Indian plum) – Oemleriacerasiformis<br />
  • 21. Osoberry<br />Light shade<br /><ul><li>Drier areas
  • 22. March blooms
  • 23. “Plums” bird food
  • 24. Easy to grow
  • 25. Available at nurseries</li></li></ul><li>Shrubs in the Landscape<br /><ul><li> Shelter
  • 26. Erosion Control
  • 27. Wildlife Value
  • 28. Eye Level Interest</li></ul>Red flowering currant, Ribessanguineum<br />
  • 29. Mock Orange<br />Philadephuslewesii<br />
  • 30. Mock orange<br />o Fragrant, <br /> good nectar <br /> source<br />o Fast grower,<br /> drought <br /> tolerant<br />o Sun, part <br /> shade<br />o Butterfly host<br />
  • 31. Nootka Rose – Rosa nutkana<br />
  • 32. Nootka rose<br />Full sun in drier areas<br />Bank stabilizer, spreads underground<br />Flowers provide nectar, hips food for wildlife<br />
  • 33. Oregon grape – Berberis aquifolium<br />
  • 34. Oregon grape<br />Evergreen, forms colonies<br />Berries and nectar support wildlife<br />State flower of Oregon<br />Widely available<br />
  • 35. Blue elderberry – Sambucusmexicana<br />
  • 36. Blue elderberry<br />Tall, multi-stalked<br />Sun, part sun<br />Average to dry site<br />White, flat-topped flower clusters<br />Blue berries feed wildlife<br />
  • 37. Red flowering currant – Ribes sanguineum<br />
  • 38. Red flowering currant<br />Blooms Feb/Mar<br />Shade/part-sun, banks and drier areas<br />Fast growing, readily available<br />Drupes in late summer for birds <br />Hummingbird pollinated<br />
  • 39. Red osier dogwood – Cornus sericea<br />
  • 40. Red osier dogwood<br />Occurs naturally along streams but tolerates drier conditions<br />Full to part sun<br />Red winter twigs<br />Host for native butterflies<br />Look for local plants<br />
  • 41. Snowberry - Symphoricarpusalbus<br />
  • 42. Snowberry<br />Spreads to stabilize banks<br />Spreads to increase cover<br />Bluish, soft foliage<br />Fruits provide food through the winter<br />
  • 43. Groundcovers and Herbaceous Plants in the Landscape<br />Garden interest<br />Protection for compaction by rain<br />Hiding places for small creatures<br />Helps prevent erosion<br />Ladyfern and oxalis<br />
  • 44. Sword fern – Polystichummunitum<br />
  • 45. Sword fern<br />Part or full shade<br />One of the best plants for bank stabilization<br />Great landscape ornamental<br />Easy to find<br />Easy to transplant and relocate<br />
  • 46. Wild strawberries – Fragaria—3 native species<br />Ground cover, spreading by runners<br />Some species prefer shade; others sun<br />Nectar for butterflies and other insects<br />Butterfly caterpillar hosts<br />
  • 47. Lady fern – Athyriumfelix-femina<br />Unfurling spring fronds<br />
  • 48. Lady Fern<br />Prefers sun or part sun, good soil moisture<br />Good for bank stabilization<br />Winter deciduous<br />Delicate soft foliage<br />2-4 feet tall<br />
  • 49. Wood sorrel – Oxalis oregana<br />
  • 50. Wood sorrel<br />Aggressive groundcover<br />Full to part shade<br />Once established, difficult to remove<br />Will tolerate dry shade and go dormant in dry summers<br />
  • 51. Camas - Camassia species<br />
  • 52. Camas<br />Commercially available bulb<br />Spring blooming<br />Needs spring moisture<br />Needs summer dry<br />
  • 53. Oregon iris – Iris tenax<br />
  • 54. Oregon iris<br />Reliable native iris, late spring blooms<br />Tolerates drier sites<br />
  • 55. Yellow monkey flower – Mimulus guttatus<br />
  • 56. Yellow monkey flower<br />Moist soil<br />Sun/part-shade<br />Spreads to become a ground cover<br />Nectar <br />Seeds provide food for wildlife<br />
  • 57. In Summary<br />Natives add or enhance wildlife habitat<br />Look at all levels-trees shrubs, herbaceous plants and groundcovers<br />Match the requirements of the plant to its new habitat<br />Plant directly into native soil<br />Wild bleeding heart, Dicentraformosa<br />
  • 58. In Summary<br />Take care of plants for the first 2-5 years after planting—some will require additional irrigation during this time<br />Group plants with similar needs together<br />Enjoy your new connection with Oregon native plants <br />Wild bleeding heart, Dicentraformosa<br />
  • 59. Thank You<br />Photos by the author<br />Presentation may be used freely for educational purposes<br />For all other purposes, contact the author at linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.edu<br />Stream violet, Viola glabella<br />

×