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Ecogardening:Reduce Your Carbon Footprint<br />Linda R McMahan<br />Oregon State University Extension Horticulturist & Bot...
Program & Goals  <br />Fun fact quiz<br />Effects of predicted climate changes on Western Oregon gardens<br />Sustainable ...
Climate Change and Gardens<br />Quiz<br />
What potential percentage of energy use can you save by planting deciduous trees to shade your home?<br />5%<br />15%<br /...
What potential percentage of energy use can you save by planting deciduous trees to shade your home?<br />5%<br />15%<br /...
In Oregon, planting deciduous trees to shade a home has the potential to save:<br />$25 per year<br />$50 per year<br />$1...
In Oregon, planting deciduous trees to shade a home has the potential to save:<br />$25 per year<br />$50 per year<br />$1...
Percentage of world power used by the United States? (We are about 5% of world population)<br />5%<br />15%<br />25%<br />...
Percentage of world power used by the United States? (We are about 5% of world population)<br />5%<br />15%<br />25%<br />...
True or False<br />Predicted climate change in our area includes warmer average annual temperatures <br />
True or False<br />Predicted climate change in our area includes warmer average annual temperatures <br />True<br />
True of False<br />Predicted climate change in our area would mean wetter winters with more storm runoff and increased flo...
True of False<br />Predicted climate change in our area would mean wetter winters with more storm runoff and increased flo...
What percentage of the “waste stream” typically discarded could be kept “at home” for use in the garden?<br />5%<br />22%<...
What percentage of the “waste stream” typically discarded could be kept “at home” for use in the garden?<br />5%<br />22%<...
In the U.S., fresh produce travels an estimated average “food miles” of:<br />50 miles<br />150 miles<br />750 miles<br />...
In the U.S., fresh produce travels an estimated average “food miles” of:<br />50 miles<br />150 miles<br />750 miles<br />...
Of the following activities to acquire fresh produce, which one typically uses the most energy per item?<br />The trip to ...
Of the following activities to acquire fresh produce, which one typically uses the most energy per item?<br />The trip to ...
The most energy-intensive part of a typical home landscape is:<br />A vegetable garden<br />Annual and perennial borders<b...
The most energy-intensive part of a typical home landscape is:<br />A vegetable garden<br />Annual and perennial borders<b...
Produce flown by air consumes how much more energy than shipping by sea?<br />14%<br />24%<br />44%<br />144%<br />
Produce flown by air consumes how much more energy than shipping by sea?<br />14%<br />24%<br />44%<br />144%<br />
Effects of Possible Climate Changes in Western Oregon<br />Effect<br />Consequence<br />
What gardeners can do!<br />Reduce use of fossil fuels<br />Recycle and compost<br />Limit consumption<br />Use common sen...
Some General Rules for Gardens and Landscapes<br />An energy-intensive landscape<br />A low-energy-use landscape<br />
If your practices and purchases use fossil fuels, consider using alternative methods<br />Transportation<br />Manufacture<...
Use the Power of the Sun<br />Plant trees—they provide shade and moderate temperatures<br />Deciduous trees on the south a...
Go WaterWise<br />Saves water for drinking, agriculture, or wildlife  <br />Creates beautiful landscapes<br />Uses fewer c...
For WaterWise Plants, Choose:<br />Plants from Mediterranean regions of the world, including California<br />US prairie na...
Use Native Plants<br />Native plants are already adapted to our climate<br />Many different choices are available<br />Mos...
Build a Rain Garden<br />Photo:  Rob Emanuel, OSU Extension<br />
Think Local<br />Plants & seeds grown locally<br />Native plants grown locally<br />Local products, local sources<br />Nur...
Think Local, Think Wildlife<br />Plant a Native Plant Garden--Reduce erosion, conserve water, encourage wildlife, lower ma...
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle . . . . <br />Buy used and/or buy sturdy, organize swaps or trades<br />Save seeds<br />Share resou...
Learn from Nature<br />In a natural forest, no one rakes up the leaves, and plants still grow and flourish<br />Mimic natu...
Grow Your Own<br />Know your food<br />Save transportation costs<br />Create family and community activities<br />Live wit...
Work Together for Greater Impact<br />Save resources through sharing tools, equipment, plants, and garden space<br />Creat...
A Special Word About Lawns<br />Leave grass clippings on the lawn to reduce or eliminate fertilizer – “Grasscycling”<br />...
Turf Replacement Strategies<br />Plants<br />Permeable surfaces<br />
Be Creative: Use your garden to reduce overall energy use<br />Use a clothes line<br />Build arbors and pergolas for addit...
Go Easy on the Chemical Inputs<br />Use alternatives to herbicides such as hand weeding<br />Stop and Think:  Is there a b...
Support Pollinators & Other Beneficial Creatures<br />Beneficial organisms include bees, butterflies, birds, insects, rept...
Take the Landscape Sustainability Checkup<br />Landscape Sustainability Checkup<br />Is your yard ready to be an<br />“Ore...
Sustainability Checkup<br />Water Efficiency, Water Runoff	<br />Mulch, Fertilizer<br />Recycle<br />Wildlife<br />Yard Pe...
Recognize and Create Sustainable Landscapes<br />   A mix of plants and plant communities encourages a diversity of plants...
What we do in our gardens affects people and ecosystems elsewhere, from our energy use, to what runs off with rainwater or...
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Ecogardening to Reduce Carbon Footprint

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Tips for gardeners about reducing their carbon footprint in their gardens

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Transcript of "Ecogardening to Reduce Carbon Footprint"

  1. 1. Ecogardening:Reduce Your Carbon Footprint<br />Linda R McMahan<br />Oregon State University Extension Horticulturist & Botanist<br />linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.edu<br />
  2. 2. Program & Goals <br />Fun fact quiz<br />Effects of predicted climate changes on Western Oregon gardens<br />Sustainable practices for gardeners<br />Questions, Comments, & Feedback<br />
  3. 3. Climate Change and Gardens<br />Quiz<br />
  4. 4. What potential percentage of energy use can you save by planting deciduous trees to shade your home?<br />5%<br />15%<br />30%<br />50%<br />
  5. 5. What potential percentage of energy use can you save by planting deciduous trees to shade your home?<br />5%<br />15%<br />30%<br />50%<br />
  6. 6. In Oregon, planting deciduous trees to shade a home has the potential to save:<br />$25 per year<br />$50 per year<br />$100 per year<br />$175 per year<br />
  7. 7. In Oregon, planting deciduous trees to shade a home has the potential to save:<br />$25 per year<br />$50 per year<br />$100 per year<br />$175 per year<br />
  8. 8. Percentage of world power used by the United States? (We are about 5% of world population)<br />5%<br />15%<br />25%<br />40%<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/<br />commons/0/0a/World_population_pie_chart.PNG<br />
  9. 9. Percentage of world power used by the United States? (We are about 5% of world population)<br />5%<br />15%<br />25%<br />40%<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/<br />commons/0/0a/World_population_pie_chart.PNG<br />
  10. 10. True or False<br />Predicted climate change in our area includes warmer average annual temperatures <br />
  11. 11. True or False<br />Predicted climate change in our area includes warmer average annual temperatures <br />True<br />
  12. 12. True of False<br />Predicted climate change in our area would mean wetter winters with more storm runoff and increased flooding <br />
  13. 13. True of False<br />Predicted climate change in our area would mean wetter winters with more storm runoff and increased flooding <br />True<br />
  14. 14. What percentage of the “waste stream” typically discarded could be kept “at home” for use in the garden?<br />5%<br />22%<br />34%<br />63%<br />
  15. 15. What percentage of the “waste stream” typically discarded could be kept “at home” for use in the garden?<br />5%<br />22%<br />34%<br />63%<br />
  16. 16. In the U.S., fresh produce travels an estimated average “food miles” of:<br />50 miles<br />150 miles<br />750 miles<br />1500 miles<br />
  17. 17. In the U.S., fresh produce travels an estimated average “food miles” of:<br />50 miles<br />150 miles<br />750 miles<br />1500 miles<br />
  18. 18. Of the following activities to acquire fresh produce, which one typically uses the most energy per item?<br />The trip to and from the grocery store<br />Energy required to get produce from the farmer to the grocery store<br />Energy used to grow fresh produce at home<br />
  19. 19. Of the following activities to acquire fresh produce, which one typically uses the most energy per item?<br />The trip to and from the grocery store<br />Energy required to get produce from the farmer to the grocery store<br />Energy used to grow fresh produce at home<br />
  20. 20. The most energy-intensive part of a typical home landscape is:<br />A vegetable garden<br />Annual and perennial borders<br />The lawn<br />The trees<br />
  21. 21. The most energy-intensive part of a typical home landscape is:<br />A vegetable garden<br />Annual and perennial borders<br />The lawn<br />The trees<br />
  22. 22. Produce flown by air consumes how much more energy than shipping by sea?<br />14%<br />24%<br />44%<br />144%<br />
  23. 23. Produce flown by air consumes how much more energy than shipping by sea?<br />14%<br />24%<br />44%<br />144%<br />
  24. 24. Effects of Possible Climate Changes in Western Oregon<br />Effect<br />Consequence<br />
  25. 25. What gardeners can do!<br />Reduce use of fossil fuels<br />Recycle and compost<br />Limit consumption<br />Use common sense<br />Protect the soil<br />Reduce water use<br />Work with nature<br />Create communities of gardeners<br />
  26. 26. Some General Rules for Gardens and Landscapes<br />An energy-intensive landscape<br />A low-energy-use landscape<br />
  27. 27. If your practices and purchases use fossil fuels, consider using alternative methods<br />Transportation<br />Manufacture<br />Materials<br />Lifetime of Use<br />Direct Fuel Use<br />
  28. 28. Use the Power of the Sun<br />Plant trees—they provide shade and moderate temperatures<br />Deciduous trees on the south and west sides of house provide cooling influence in summer and let heat through in winter<br />Use solar lighting if practical<br />Shrubs, lawns, and other vegetation also cools, shades, and protects from wind<br />
  29. 29. Go WaterWise<br />Saves water for drinking, agriculture, or wildlife <br />Creates beautiful landscapes<br />Uses fewer chemicals because plants are better adapted<br />Less water means less expended energy for water storage, delivery, and infrastructure <br />penstemon<br />http://extension.oregonstate.edu/yamhill/eco-gardening<br />
  30. 30. For WaterWise Plants, Choose:<br />Plants from Mediterranean regions of the world, including California<br />US prairie natives like sunflower<br />Pacific Northwest native plants <br />Grevillia rosemarifolia<br />California fuchsia<br />Cistus<br />sunflower<br />
  31. 31. Use Native Plants<br />Native plants are already adapted to our climate<br />Many different choices are available<br />Most support local birds, butterflies and other wildlife<br />Mock orange<br />Wild strawberrry<br />Ceanothus<br />
  32. 32. Build a Rain Garden<br />Photo: Rob Emanuel, OSU Extension<br />
  33. 33. Think Local<br />Plants & seeds grown locally<br />Native plants grown locally<br />Local products, local sources<br />Nurture native wildlife<br />Control invasive plants and animals in the garden<br />Iris tenax, a local native plant<br />http://extension.oregonstate.edu/yamhill/controlling-invasive-plants<br />http://extension.oregonstate.edu/yamhill/eco-gardening/native-plant-gardening<br />
  34. 34. Think Local, Think Wildlife<br />Plant a Native Plant Garden--Reduce erosion, conserve water, encourage wildlife, lower maintenance<br />
  35. 35. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle . . . . <br />Buy used and/or buy sturdy, organize swaps or trades<br />Save seeds<br />Share resources with neighbors<br />Compost at home or use leaves as mulch <br />Use manual methods when you can<br />
  36. 36. Learn from Nature<br />In a natural forest, no one rakes up the leaves, and plants still grow and flourish<br />Mimic nature by “composting in place”<br />This practice reduces the need for adding fertilizers and mulch, saving money and energy <br />
  37. 37. Grow Your Own<br />Know your food<br />Save transportation costs<br />Create family and community activities<br />Live with the seasons<br />http://extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/<br />
  38. 38. Work Together for Greater Impact<br />Save resources through sharing tools, equipment, plants, and garden space<br />Create a community garden<br />Help each other understand how our actions affect the world’s ecosystems and climate<br />Create a new “look” for your community, maybe not so “tidy”<br />
  39. 39. A Special Word About Lawns<br />Leave grass clippings on the lawn to reduce or eliminate fertilizer – “Grasscycling”<br />Use manual equipment when this is practical, with electric-powered being the next choice<br />Once established, let the lawn evolve on its own –perfect turf in Oregon and Washington is a rarity<br />Limit chemical use and seek alternatives to chemicals<br />
  40. 40. Turf Replacement Strategies<br />Plants<br />Permeable surfaces<br />
  41. 41. Be Creative: Use your garden to reduce overall energy use<br />Use a clothes line<br />Build arbors and pergolas for additional shade & wind breaks<br />Create wind breaks with evergreen shrubs<br />
  42. 42. Go Easy on the Chemical Inputs<br />Use alternatives to herbicides such as hand weeding<br />Stop and Think: Is there a better way?<br />Nurture Your Soil—it will reward you in return<br />Be tolerant of imperfection and respect natural processes<br />If needed, consider using natural fertilizers like cottonseed meal or fish emulsion fertilizer<br />
  43. 43. Support Pollinators & Other Beneficial Creatures<br />Beneficial organisms include bees, butterflies, birds, insects, reptiles & amphibians <br />Encourage garden biodiversity through care of the soil and limiting chemical inputs<br />
  44. 44. Take the Landscape Sustainability Checkup<br />Landscape Sustainability Checkup<br />Is your yard ready to be an<br />“Oregon Sustainable Landscape”?<br />• Score at least 50 on the checklist to find out.<br />http://extension.oregonstate.edu/douglas/sites/default/files/documents/hort/lscheckup.pdf<br />
  45. 45. Sustainability Checkup<br />Water Efficiency, Water Runoff <br />Mulch, Fertilizer<br />Recycle<br />Wildlife<br />Yard Pest Control<br />Right Plant Right Place <br />Presence/Control of Invasives<br />Streams – Special Care<br />
  46. 46. Recognize and Create Sustainable Landscapes<br /> A mix of plants and plant communities encourages a diversity of plants and animals in a typical landscape<br />
  47. 47. What we do in our gardens affects people and ecosystems elsewhere, from our energy use, to what runs off with rainwater or escapes in the air. We cannot draw a bubble around our homes and gardens and live in isolation—it just doesn’t work that way.<br />Thank You!!<br />linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.edu<br />http://extension.oregonstate.edu/yamhill/eco-gardening<br />
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