COLOR IN THE WINTER GARDEN  Expected & Familiar  Bracket the Season  Stars of Winter Bloom  Small Pleasures  Lesson from C...
EXPECTED & FAMILIARHardy cyclamen(Cyclamen coum),blooms winter &early spring—leafpatterns carrygarden interestthrough othe...
EXPECTED & FAMILIAREarly spring bulbssignal the end ofwinter                     Snowdrops (Galanthus) and crocus
EXPECTED AND FAMILIARHellebores (Helleborus)of many kinds bloomeven earlier!
EXPECTED AND FAMILIARWinter daphnes such as Daphne odora ‘Marginata’http://oregonstate.edu/dept/IDplants
OTHER FAVORITES                  Photos: Forsythia,                  Camellia japonica, Erica                  http://oreg...
BRACKET THE SEASONWatch winter’sapproach withcolorful foliageand berriesPreview springwith a successionof bulbs and     ...
FALL COLOR                             Japanese stewartia (Stewartia                             pseudocamellia) photo:Cat...
LATE BERRIES & SEEDSIndia currant (Symphoricarposarbiculatus)                  Seeds of a single flower Peony
STINKING IRIS                    Iris foetidissima,                    grown not for the                    flowers (usual...
PIERISJAPONICATraditional, tough,evergreen shrub,drought-tolerant,colorful new foliageand early flowers-many cultivarsavai...
FLOWERING QUINCEFull size or dwarf Chaenomeles are early spring bloomersphoto: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
THE STARS OF WINTER       BLOOM  Focus on flowering shrubs  Create possibility of flowers every day ofthe year
WHITE “FORSYTHIA”               Abeliophyllum               distichum, Fragrant               blooms very early           ...
SWEET BOX                      Sarcocca confusa planted in                      a sheltered location,                     ...
SASANQUA CAMILLIA                    Camellia sasanqua, a                    less-known, smaller                    evergr...
WINTER HAZEL                                    Corylopsis spicata                                    and C. pauciflora   ...
WITCH HAZEL                                   Hamamelis species                                   and cultivars, many     ...
WINTER JASMINE                               Jasminum nudiflorum, as the                               common name suggest...
FRAGRANT WINTERSWEET                                        Chimonanthes                                        praecox, a...
ARTHUR MENZIES                             MAHONIA                                  Mahonia x media                       ...
SMALL TREASURES Look carefully at plants you already have Winter garden reveals nature’s flow
NEW CONES ONCONFERS    Conifers often    produce tiny male    and female cones    beginning in late    winter—discover    ...
LEAF SHAPES & SKELETONS                        Decaying magnolia leaf                        with vein pattersMaple leaves...
TINY MOSSES SHINE IN DAMPCOLD OREGON WINTERS
EVERGREEN LEAVES OF OREGONGRAPE BACKLIT BY THE SUN                 Berberis nervosa
FALLEN CONESDouglas fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii)
LICHENS   In winter, lichens on          trees swell with the          additional moisture
FERN FRONDS In late winter, fern                 leaves (fronds) begin to                 unfurl creating fantastic       ...
BARK TAKES CENTER STAGE
LESSON FROM CHINA
USE GARDEN ART ANDINNOVATIVE SCULPTURE
OREGON NATIVE    PLANTS FOR WINTERRed floweringcurrant, Ribessanguineum,blooms Feb/Marin shades of red,pink, and white,att...
COLTSFOOT            Petasites frigidus at            the McMinnville            Public Library
SPRING QUEEN Synthyris reniformis                   blooms March in                   Western Oregon—                   de...
SNOWBERRY   Symphorocarpus            albus provides            winter food for            birds
SILK TASSEL BUSHGarrya ellipticafrom OregonSouth Coastprovides elegantdrooping flowersin Jan/Feb. Largeevergreen shrub
OSOBERRYOemleria cerasiformis,the earlier nativeshrub to bloom inour forests
A FINAL THOUGHT! Please Avoid Invasive Species Look for alternatives in GardenSmartOregon—free and available for downloa...
ENGLISH HOLLY                       Substitute with other Ilex                       such as winterberry or               ...
THANK YOU!Linda R McMahan,linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.eduPhotos by the author unless noted. Others used bypermission of Pa...
Color in the winter garden
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Color in the winter garden

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This is a presentation prepared for a garden club on gardening for winter interest, especially color. Included are outstanding winter blooming shrubs, including some old favorites and Pacific Northwest plants. Looking for interest in existing gardens is also encouraged.

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Color in the winter garden

  1. 1. COLOR IN THE WINTER GARDEN Expected & Familiar Bracket the Season Stars of Winter Bloom Small Pleasures Lesson from China Oregon Native Plants for Winter Beware Invasive Plants
  2. 2. EXPECTED & FAMILIARHardy cyclamen(Cyclamen coum),blooms winter &early spring—leafpatterns carrygarden interestthrough otherseasons
  3. 3. EXPECTED & FAMILIAREarly spring bulbssignal the end ofwinter Snowdrops (Galanthus) and crocus
  4. 4. EXPECTED AND FAMILIARHellebores (Helleborus)of many kinds bloomeven earlier!
  5. 5. EXPECTED AND FAMILIARWinter daphnes such as Daphne odora ‘Marginata’http://oregonstate.edu/dept/IDplants
  6. 6. OTHER FAVORITES Photos: Forsythia, Camellia japonica, Erica http://oregonstate.edu/ dept/ldplants
  7. 7. BRACKET THE SEASONWatch winter’sapproach withcolorful foliageand berriesPreview springwith a successionof bulbs and Ginkgo biloba & lungwort,early bloomers Pulmonaria ‘Sisinghurst White’
  8. 8. FALL COLOR Japanese stewartia (Stewartia pseudocamellia) photo:Catsura tree http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ld(Cercidiphyllum japonicum) plants/Photo: Linda McMahan
  9. 9. LATE BERRIES & SEEDSIndia currant (Symphoricarposarbiculatus) Seeds of a single flower Peony
  10. 10. STINKING IRIS Iris foetidissima, grown not for the flowers (usually pale blue) but for the persistent winter berriesOrange berries ofIris foetidissima
  11. 11. PIERISJAPONICATraditional, tough,evergreen shrub,drought-tolerant,colorful new foliageand early flowers-many cultivarsavailable
  12. 12. FLOWERING QUINCEFull size or dwarf Chaenomeles are early spring bloomersphoto: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  13. 13. THE STARS OF WINTER BLOOM Focus on flowering shrubs Create possibility of flowers every day ofthe year
  14. 14. WHITE “FORSYTHIA” Abeliophyllum distichum, Fragrant blooms very early spring, multi- stemmed shrub to 5 ft
  15. 15. SWEET BOX Sarcocca confusa planted in a sheltered location, survives our Western Oregon winters and emits a strongly sweet fragrance from whitehttp://oregonstate. flowers, followed byedu/dept/ldplants/ black berries
  16. 16. SASANQUA CAMILLIA Camellia sasanqua, a less-known, smaller evergreen camellia, blooms in December. Can be trained to a trellis. Cultivars with white, pink and red flowers. Open habit.
  17. 17. WINTER HAZEL Corylopsis spicata and C. pauciflora (inset). Elegant deciduous shrubs, 6-8 feet, fragrant blooms early spring.http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  18. 18. WITCH HAZEL Hamamelis species and cultivars, many types with different blooms and bloom times. Some also have great fall color.http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  19. 19. WINTER JASMINE Jasminum nudiflorum, as the common name suggests, is strongly fragrant. Trailing habit good for slopes, may need supporthttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  20. 20. FRAGRANT WINTERSWEET Chimonanthes praecox, another fragrant addition to the winter gardenhttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  21. 21. ARTHUR MENZIES MAHONIA Mahonia x media ‘Arthur Menzies’ From a seedling selected at Seattle’s Washington Park Arboretumhttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  22. 22. SMALL TREASURES Look carefully at plants you already have Winter garden reveals nature’s flow
  23. 23. NEW CONES ONCONFERS Conifers often produce tiny male and female cones beginning in late winter—discover the cycles in your garden
  24. 24. LEAF SHAPES & SKELETONS Decaying magnolia leaf with vein pattersMaple leaves in frost
  25. 25. TINY MOSSES SHINE IN DAMPCOLD OREGON WINTERS
  26. 26. EVERGREEN LEAVES OF OREGONGRAPE BACKLIT BY THE SUN Berberis nervosa
  27. 27. FALLEN CONESDouglas fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii)
  28. 28. LICHENS In winter, lichens on trees swell with the additional moisture
  29. 29. FERN FRONDS In late winter, fern leaves (fronds) begin to unfurl creating fantastic patterns-bracken fern and sword fern shown
  30. 30. BARK TAKES CENTER STAGE
  31. 31. LESSON FROM CHINA
  32. 32. USE GARDEN ART ANDINNOVATIVE SCULPTURE
  33. 33. OREGON NATIVE PLANTS FOR WINTERRed floweringcurrant, Ribessanguineum,blooms Feb/Marin shades of red,pink, and white,attracthummingbirds
  34. 34. COLTSFOOT Petasites frigidus at the McMinnville Public Library
  35. 35. SPRING QUEEN Synthyris reniformis blooms March in Western Oregon— delicate native wildflower
  36. 36. SNOWBERRY Symphorocarpus albus provides winter food for birds
  37. 37. SILK TASSEL BUSHGarrya ellipticafrom OregonSouth Coastprovides elegantdrooping flowersin Jan/Feb. Largeevergreen shrub
  38. 38. OSOBERRYOemleria cerasiformis,the earlier nativeshrub to bloom inour forests
  39. 39. A FINAL THOUGHT! Please Avoid Invasive Species Look for alternatives in GardenSmartOregon—free and available for download at:http://oregoninvasiveshotline.org
  40. 40. ENGLISH HOLLY Substitute with other Ilex such as winterberry or Meser Reserve hollyPhoto: Linda McMahan shown below Winterberry, Ilex verticillataMeser Reserve holly, Bottom photos:Ilex x meserveae http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  41. 41. THANK YOU!Linda R McMahan,linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.eduPhotos by the author unless noted. Others used bypermission of Pat Breen, Oregon State University--published at http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants © Oregon State University 2011. You may use thispublication freely for educational purposes. For otheruses, please contact the author

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