Color in the winter garden
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Color in the winter garden

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This is a presentation prepared for a garden club on gardening for winter interest, especially color. Included are outstanding winter blooming shrubs, including some old favorites and Pacific ...

This is a presentation prepared for a garden club on gardening for winter interest, especially color. Included are outstanding winter blooming shrubs, including some old favorites and Pacific Northwest plants. Looking for interest in existing gardens is also encouraged.

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Color in the winter garden Color in the winter garden Presentation Transcript

  • COLOR IN THE WINTER GARDEN Expected & Familiar Bracket the Season Stars of Winter Bloom Small Pleasures Lesson from China Oregon Native Plants for Winter Beware Invasive Plants
  • EXPECTED & FAMILIARHardy cyclamen(Cyclamen coum),blooms winter &early spring—leafpatterns carrygarden interestthrough otherseasons
  • EXPECTED & FAMILIAREarly spring bulbssignal the end ofwinter Snowdrops (Galanthus) and crocus
  • EXPECTED AND FAMILIARHellebores (Helleborus)of many kinds bloomeven earlier!
  • EXPECTED AND FAMILIARWinter daphnes such as Daphne odora ‘Marginata’http://oregonstate.edu/dept/IDplants
  • OTHER FAVORITES Photos: Forsythia, Camellia japonica, Erica http://oregonstate.edu/ dept/ldplants
  • BRACKET THE SEASONWatch winter’sapproach withcolorful foliageand berriesPreview springwith a successionof bulbs and Ginkgo biloba & lungwort,early bloomers Pulmonaria ‘Sisinghurst White’
  • FALL COLOR Japanese stewartia (Stewartia pseudocamellia) photo:Catsura tree http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ld(Cercidiphyllum japonicum) plants/Photo: Linda McMahan
  • LATE BERRIES & SEEDSIndia currant (Symphoricarposarbiculatus) Seeds of a single flower Peony
  • STINKING IRIS Iris foetidissima, grown not for the flowers (usually pale blue) but for the persistent winter berriesOrange berries ofIris foetidissima
  • PIERISJAPONICATraditional, tough,evergreen shrub,drought-tolerant,colorful new foliageand early flowers-many cultivarsavailable
  • FLOWERING QUINCEFull size or dwarf Chaenomeles are early spring bloomersphoto: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • THE STARS OF WINTER BLOOM Focus on flowering shrubs Create possibility of flowers every day ofthe year
  • WHITE “FORSYTHIA” Abeliophyllum distichum, Fragrant blooms very early spring, multi- stemmed shrub to 5 ft
  • SWEET BOX Sarcocca confusa planted in a sheltered location, survives our Western Oregon winters and emits a strongly sweet fragrance from whitehttp://oregonstate. flowers, followed byedu/dept/ldplants/ black berries
  • SASANQUA CAMILLIA Camellia sasanqua, a less-known, smaller evergreen camellia, blooms in December. Can be trained to a trellis. Cultivars with white, pink and red flowers. Open habit.
  • WINTER HAZEL Corylopsis spicata and C. pauciflora (inset). Elegant deciduous shrubs, 6-8 feet, fragrant blooms early spring.http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • WITCH HAZEL Hamamelis species and cultivars, many types with different blooms and bloom times. Some also have great fall color.http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • WINTER JASMINE Jasminum nudiflorum, as the common name suggests, is strongly fragrant. Trailing habit good for slopes, may need supporthttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • FRAGRANT WINTERSWEET Chimonanthes praecox, another fragrant addition to the winter gardenhttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • ARTHUR MENZIES MAHONIA Mahonia x media ‘Arthur Menzies’ From a seedling selected at Seattle’s Washington Park Arboretumhttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • SMALL TREASURES Look carefully at plants you already have Winter garden reveals nature’s flow
  • NEW CONES ONCONFERS Conifers often produce tiny male and female cones beginning in late winter—discover the cycles in your garden
  • LEAF SHAPES & SKELETONS Decaying magnolia leaf with vein pattersMaple leaves in frost
  • TINY MOSSES SHINE IN DAMPCOLD OREGON WINTERS
  • EVERGREEN LEAVES OF OREGONGRAPE BACKLIT BY THE SUN Berberis nervosa
  • FALLEN CONESDouglas fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii)
  • LICHENS In winter, lichens on trees swell with the additional moisture
  • FERN FRONDS In late winter, fern leaves (fronds) begin to unfurl creating fantastic patterns-bracken fern and sword fern shown
  • BARK TAKES CENTER STAGE
  • LESSON FROM CHINA
  • USE GARDEN ART ANDINNOVATIVE SCULPTURE
  • OREGON NATIVE PLANTS FOR WINTERRed floweringcurrant, Ribessanguineum,blooms Feb/Marin shades of red,pink, and white,attracthummingbirds
  • COLTSFOOT Petasites frigidus at the McMinnville Public Library
  • SPRING QUEEN Synthyris reniformis blooms March in Western Oregon— delicate native wildflower
  • SNOWBERRY Symphorocarpus albus provides winter food for birds
  • SILK TASSEL BUSHGarrya ellipticafrom OregonSouth Coastprovides elegantdrooping flowersin Jan/Feb. Largeevergreen shrub
  • OSOBERRYOemleria cerasiformis,the earlier nativeshrub to bloom inour forests
  • A FINAL THOUGHT! Please Avoid Invasive Species Look for alternatives in GardenSmartOregon—free and available for download at:http://oregoninvasiveshotline.org
  • ENGLISH HOLLY Substitute with other Ilex such as winterberry or Meser Reserve hollyPhoto: Linda McMahan shown below Winterberry, Ilex verticillataMeser Reserve holly, Bottom photos:Ilex x meserveae http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
  • THANK YOU!Linda R McMahan,linda.mcmahan@oregonstate.eduPhotos by the author unless noted. Others used bypermission of Pat Breen, Oregon State University--published at http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants © Oregon State University 2011. You may use thispublication freely for educational purposes. For otheruses, please contact the author