Biogas upgrading technologies and global markets (focus on europe)

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The scope of this report is the global market for biogas upgrading equipment. Market value and growth is evaluated for six different types of upgrading systems: water scrubbing, pressure swing …

The scope of this report is the global market for biogas upgrading equipment. Market value and growth is evaluated for six different types of upgrading systems: water scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption, physical absorption, chemical absorption, membrane separation, and cryogenic technology.

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  • 1. Biogas Upgrading: Technologies and Global Markets (Focus on Europe)Published: November 2011No.Of Pages:163Price:US $ 3900Report Summary* An overview – with a focus on North America – of biogas upgrading with discussion of theadvantages of biogas compared to other forms of renewable energy, global greenhouseemissions, and the barriers to large-scale biogas plant deployment* Analyses of market trends, with data from 2010, estimates for 2011, and projections ofcompound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2016* Coverage of the market by upgrading technology type, including pressure swingadsorption, water scrubbing, membrane technology, cryogenic upgrading, and in situmethane enrichment, with a breakdown of market values by technology type* Evaluations of feed sources, including sewage sludge, biowaste, landfill gas, and energycrops* Examination of the industry structure, with comprehensive company profiles.INTRODUCTIONSTUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVESRenewable, sustainable energy generation will be the fastest-growing energy sector overthe next two decades. From 2010 to 2016, the market is projected to rise from $124 billionin 2010 to $217 billion in 2016. Price volatility, supply concerns, and the environmentalaspects of fossil fuels are expected to accelerate the pace of all non-fossil fuel development.At this writing, the price of oil has hit highs of more than $100 per barrel on the worldmarket, while U.S. drivers are paying nearly $4 per gallon of gasoline. Renewable domesticenergy supplies are seen as a means of overcoming these problems. Biogas, a clean fuelderived primarily from waste materials, is an important alternative to conventional fossilenergy.This BCC Research report Biogas Upgrading: Technologies and Global Markets (Focus onEurope) provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for the biogas upgradingequipment used to transform crude biogas from waste materials and energy crops intosustainable energy. Six types of upgrading systems are reviewed: water scrubbers,pressure swing adsorption systems, physical absorption and chemical absorption units,membrane systems, and units based on cryogenic technologyFour categories of materials are evaluated as feed sources for biomethane production:municipal wastewater (sewage sludge), agricultural wastes and energy crops (manure,agricultural residuals, and purpose-grown crops), biowaste (industrial organic wastes and
  • 2. the organic fraction of municipal solid waste), and landfill gas. Two different end uses forthe gas are also examined, injection to the natural gas grid and transportation fuel.The biogas production and biogas upgrading markets are far better developed in Europethan in North America, so it is the main focus of this study. Germany has, by far, the largestnumber of upgrading plants, most of which feed into the grid. Sweden ranks second, withthe bulk of its facilities purifying biogas for use as vehicle fuel.So far, North America’s upgrading capacity is primarily based at landfills; little new capacityhas been built over the past decade. Although Asia has the largest number of biogasgenerating systems, the vast majority of these are small-scale plants that serve singledwellings or small communities. In the rest of the world, biogas production is at differentstages of development; however, gas upgrading is only just emerging.REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDYThe need to responsibly dispose of mounting volumes of waste and the requirement toprocure sustainable, secure energy supplies are two of the most important issues facinggovernments and industries around the globe. The production of energy from a number ofwaste streams (i.e., municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfills,livestock manure, and agricultural residues) is a process that addresses both of thesechallenges.In the current waste-to-energy market, anaerobic digestion offers a sustainable conversionprocess. With the addition of a biogas refining step, the waste-derived gas can be used in allapplications where conventional natural gas is used. In this context, it is important to havean overview of the market and the drivers that support adoption of the best strategies bygovernments responsible for sustainable waste handling and energy supply solutions. It isalso important for industry players and technology developers to understand current as wellas future trends in order to strategize their investments.INTENDED AUDIENCEThis study intended to be useful to a broad audience. Because they stand to see thegreatest profit from expansion of the biogas industry, manufacturers and suppliers of biogasupgrading equipment and providers of upgrading technology would likely benefit the mostfrom the data contained in this study. Companies with plant components, ancillaryequipment, and related products also might profit from the information collected here.These include manufacturers and suppliers of anaerobic digesters and digester technology,biogas distributors, water and power engineering firms, suppliers of power plants andelectricity generating equipment, environmental management firms, companies specializingin anaerobic digestion equipment and other water and wastewater treatment equipment,companies developing additives (chemicals, enzymes, etc.) to enhance gas productionyields and process efficiencies.Other beneficiaries of biogas upgrading that might find this study of value are farmers,participants in the food industry, waste processors, transportation sector players, andproject developers and investors.
  • 3. Browse All Energy and Power Market Research ReportsSCOPE OF REPORTThe scope of this report is the global biogas upgrading equipment market . Market valueand growth is evaluated for six different types of upgrading systems: water scrubbing,pressure swing adsorption, physical absorption, chemical absorption, membrane separation,and cryogenic technology.The market is broken down by four different feed sources: municipal and domestic sewage,industrial wastewater, landfill gas, and agricultural wastes, a category that includes animalmanures and crop residues. Additionally, the market is examined according to end use,injection into the gas grid and transportation fuel.A discussion of the market by world region includes overviews of North America, Europe,Asia, and the rest of the world, with individual profiles for countries most active in eachregion. Present market status, biogas upgrading plant installations, and policies andincentives that support the industry are given for each country. All market valuations andprojections cover the years from 2000 to 2016.Market figures are based on the revenues derived from equipment sales and are projectedin 2011 constant dollars (i.e., inflation is not computed into the projection figures). Therevenue figures are derived from estimated revenues of the key players in a particular year.A technology overview, a discussion on the structure of the industry, and brief profiles formajor participating companies are included. The machinery used to transform the gas toelectricity: reciprocating and other types of gas engines, turbine and microturbines, and fuelcells, is not included in the analysis.METHODOLOGYBoth primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. Acomprehensive literature, patent, and Internet search was undertaken and key industryplayers were queried. Research methodology was both quantitative and qualitative. Growthrates were calculated based on existing and proposed equipment sales during the forecastperiod. Key data in the report present an overview of average capital costs for upgradingequipment according to technology and application. These figures then were multiplied byanticipated biogas recovery capacity additions during the survey period to calculate marketsize.Because the actual number of plants varies widely from year to year, the average number ofplants per year over each 5-year span (2000 to 2005, 2005 to 2010, and 2011 to 2016)was used to calculate market values.INFORMATION SOURCESInformation in this report was gleaned from many different sources. Securities andExchange Commission (SEC) filings, annual reports, patent literature, business, scientific,and industry journals, government reports, census information, conference literature,patent documents, online resources, and industry participants have all been researched.
  • 4. ANALYST CREDENTIALSDuring the past 15 years, Susan Hanft has authored more than 30 market research reportsfor BCC Research in the fields of alternative energy, membrane technology, water andwastewater treatment, and separations used in food and beverage manufacture, medicine,and biotechnology.Table Of ContentsChapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary 4STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVESREASONS FOR DOING THE STUDYINTENDED AUDIENCESCOPE OF REPORTMETHODOLOGYINFORMATION SOURCESANALYST CREDENTIALSRELATED REPORTSBCC ONLINE SERVICESDISCLAIMERChapter- 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2Table : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLDREGION, THROUGH 2016Figure : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLDREGION, 2000–2016Chapter- 3: TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 39BENEFITS OF BIOGAS ENERGYADVANTAGES OF BIOGAS COMPARED TO OTHER FORMS OF RENEWABLE ENERGYBARRIERS TO LARGE-SCALE BIOGAS PLANT DEPLOYMENTBENEFITS OF SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONSBARRIERS TO SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONSGLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIALFACTORS INFLUENCING THE BIOGAS INDUSTRYA HISTORY OF BIOGASANAEROBIC DIGESTIONUPGRADINGFINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTTable 7 : COMPARISON OF COST, YIELD, AND PURITY FOR DIFFERENT UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGIESChapter- 4: UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 26BIOGAS CONTAMINANTSBIOGAS UPGRADINGEMERGING UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES
  • 5. MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPETable 33 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BYTECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Figure 19 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BYTECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Table 34 : CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLYBY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Figure 20 : CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLYBY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Chapter- 5: BIOGAS FEED SOURCES 11MUNICIPAL WASTEWATERBIOWASTEAGRICULTURAL WASTES AND ENERGY CROPSLANDFILL GASMARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY FEED SOURCETable 36 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY FEEDSOURCE, 1981–JUNE 2011Figure 22 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 1981–JUNE2011Chapter- 6: END USES FOR BIOMETHANE 15GRID INJECTIONTRANSPORTATION FUELSTANDARDS FOR GRID INJECTION AND VEHICLE FUELMARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY END USETable 41 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE,1981–JUNE 2011Figure 26 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED BY END USE, 1981–JUNE2011Chapter- 7: GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING DEVELOPMENT 4MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGIONTable 43 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Figure 28 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Table 44 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Figure 29 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Table 45 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLDREGION, THROUGH 2016Figure 30 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY WORLDREGION, 2000–2016Chapter- 8: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET 36NORTH AMERICAN MARKETTable 46 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH
  • 6. AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2016Figure 31 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000–2016Table 47 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY END USE, THROUGH 2016Figure 32 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY END USE, 2000–2016Table 48 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2016Figure 33 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000–2016Chapter- 9: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 26MARKET SHARECOMPANY PROFILESList of TablesSummary Table : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BYWORLD REGION, THROUGH 2016Table 1 : GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2010Table 2 : USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES BY WORLD REGIONTable 3 : GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPETable 4 : GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCETable 5 : SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTIONTable 6 : TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGASTable 7 : COMPARISON OF COST, YIELD, AND PURITY FOR DIFFERENT UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGIESTable 8 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 9 : OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 10 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 11 : OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 12 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 13 : OPERATING COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 14 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 15 : OPERATING COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 16 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 17 : OPERATING COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 18 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 19 : OPERATING COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 20 : MAXIMUM H2S CONCENTRATION IN BIOGAS FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONSTable 21 : MAXIMUM SULFUR CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTIONTable 22 : A COMPARISON OF H2S REMOVAL TECHNOLOGIESTable 23 : MAXIMUM MOISTURE CONTENT IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTIONTable 24 : MAXIMUM OXYGEN CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTIONTable 25 : MAXIMUM CO2 CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTIONTable 26 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PSA TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 27 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF WATER SCRUBBING TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGASUPGRADINGTable 28 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PHYSICAL ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS
  • 7. UPGRADINGTable 29 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGY FORBIOGAS UPGRADINGTable 30 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGASUPGRADINGTable 31 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF CRYOGENIC TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGASUPGRADINGTable 32 : A COMPARISON OF MAJOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIESTable 33 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BYTECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Table 34 : CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLYBY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Table 35 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BYTECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2016Table 36 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY FEEDSOURCE, 1981–JUNE 2011Table 37 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY FEEDSOURCE, THROUGH 2016Table 38 : GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000–2010Table 39 : MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% ORGREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2010Table 40 : SELECTED STANDARD REQUIREMENTS FOR GRID INJECTION OR FORUTILIZATION AS VEHICLE FUELTable 41 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE,1981–JUNE 2011Table 42 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY ENDUSE, THROUGH 2016Table 43 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Table 44 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Table 45 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLDREGION, THROUGH 2016Table 46 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2016Table 47 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY END USE, THROUGH 2016Table 48 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2016Table 49 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST2011Table 50 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE,AUGUST 2011Table 51 : UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000–2011Table 52 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Table 53 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE,AUGUST 2011Table 54 : UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000–2011Table 55 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY,AUGUST 2011Table 56 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011
  • 8. Table 57 : UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE,2000–2011Table 58 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FACILITY SIZE,AUGUST 2011Table 59 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, AUGUST 2011Table 60 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY,AUGUST 2011Table 61 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S., AUGUST 2011Table 62 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST 2011Table 63 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST2011Table 64 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Table 65 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Table 66 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY,AUGUST 2011Table 67 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011Table 68 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA, AUGUST 2011Table 69 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST 2011Table 70 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST2011Table 71 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Table 72 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Table 73 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY,AUGUST 2011Table 74 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011Table 75 : FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN ONTARIOTable 76 : ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS,AUGUST 2011Table 77 : ACRONA UPGRADING PLANTSTable 78 : CARBOTECH UPGRADING PLANTSTable 79 : CIRMAC BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTSTable 80 : GREENLANE UPGRADING PLANTSTable 81 : GUILD ASSOCIATES BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTSTable 82 : HAASE BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTSTable 83 : MALMBERG UPGRADING PLANTSTable 84 : MT-ENERGIE UPGRADING PLANTSTable 85 : PURAC PUREGAS UPGRADING PLANTSTable 86 : ROS ROCA BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTSTable 87 : XEBEC REFERENCE PLANTSList of FiguresSummary Figure : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BYWORLD REGION, 2000–2016Figure 1 : GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2010Figure 2 : GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPEFigure 3 : GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCEFigure 4 : TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGASFigure 5 : THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN
  • 9. Figure 6 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 7 : OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 8 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 9 : OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 10 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 11 : OPERATING COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 12 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 13 : OPERATING COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 14 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 15 : OPERATING COSTS CRYOGENIC FOR BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 16 : CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 17 : OPERATING COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADINGFigure 18 : BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIESFigure 19 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BYTECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Figure 20 : CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLYBY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981–JUNE 2011Figure 21 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BYTECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000–2016Figure 22 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 1981–JUNE2011Figure 23 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY FEEDSOURCE, 2000–2016Figure 24 : GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000–2010Figure 25 : MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1%OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2010Figure 26 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED BY END USE, 1981–JUNE2011Figure 27 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY ENDUSE, 2000–2016Figure 28 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Figure 29 : GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, AUGUST 2011Figure 30 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY WORLDREGION, 2000–2016Figure 31 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000–2016Figure 32 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY END USE, 2000–2016Figure 33 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTHAMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000–2016Figure 34 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST2011Figure 35 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE,AUGUST 2011Figure 36 : UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000–2011Figure 37 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Figure 38 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE,AUGUST 2011Figure 39 : UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000–2011Figure 40 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING
  • 10. TECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011Figure 41 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011Figure 42 : UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE,2000–2011Figure 43 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FACILITY SIZE(Nm3/H), AUGUST 2011Figure 44 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, AUGUST 2011Figure 45 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY,AUGUST 2011Figure 46 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST 2011Figure 47 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST2011Figure 48 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Figure 49 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Figure 50 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY,AUGUST 2011Figure 51 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011Figure 52 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST 2011Figure 53 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, AUGUST2011Figure 54 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Figure 55 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY END USE, AUGUST 2011Figure 56 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY,AUGUST 2011Figure 57 : BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY UPGRADINGTECHNOLOGY, AUGUST 2011Figure 58 : ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS,AUGUST 2011About Us:ReportsnReports is an online library of over 100,000+ market research reports and in-depthmarket research studies & analysis of over 5000 micro markets. We provide 24/7 online andoffline support to our customers. Get in touch with us for your needs of market researchreports.Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/marketsreportsOur Facebook Page: http://www.facebook.com/pages/ReportsnReports/191441427571689Contact:Mr.Priyank7557 Rambler road,Suite727,Dallas,TX75231Tel: + 1 888 391 5441E-mail: sales@reportsandreports.comhttp://www.reportsnreports.comVisit our Market Research Blog