What are they?
To identify objects in plural number such
bananas, radios, etc.
“They are + plural noun”
They are + = They are bananas
Most nouns make
their plurals by simply
adding –S to the end
• Most objects simply add –S or es to the object
name in singular.
• Nouns that end in a consonant + -y change to
ies in plural.
• Similarly, happens with words as tomato and
potato which give tomatoes and potatoes and
the other words with ending of a vocal form
their plural by adding S.
• It is a check
• It is a radio
• It is an ash tray
• It is a university
• It is a glass
• They are checks
• They are radios
• They are ash trays
• They are universities
• They are glasses
An irregular plural noun is an irregular noun in the plural
form. An irregular noun is a noun that becomes plural by
changing it’s spelling in other ways than adding an “s” or
“es” to the end of the word.
Structural scheme for identifying of singular or plural
objects including their corresponding numeral.
“It is one + plural noun”
“They are two (three, etc) + plural noun”
It is one : It is one table
They are three + : They are three tables.
How many or much?
•For plurals, use many. (e.g. How many books do we
•For non-countable things, use much. (e.g. How much oil
do we need?)
How much orange juice do you want?
How many biscuits did you eat?
There were too many people in the queue, so I
The teacher gave us too much homework.
I saw many toucans in the tree.