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Q2.12: Power Management Beyond the CPU
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Q2.12: Power Management Beyond the CPU

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Resource: Q2.12

Resource: Q2.12
Name: Power Management Beyond the CPU
Date: 01-06-2012
Speaker: Amit Kucheria

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    Q2.12: Power Management Beyond the CPU Q2.12: Power Management Beyond the CPU Presentation Transcript

    • Power Management beyond the CPU Amit Kucheria Power Management Working Group Linaro Connect, Hong Kong 1st June 2012
    • The power guzzlers... Internet Phone Video streaming Angry birds GPS navigation 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 GPS Audio Wifi Display CPU Use case Powerconsumption(mW)
    • Concepts: quick overview ● Clock trees [clock framework] ● Power supplies [regulator framework] ● Idle management [cpuidle framework] ● Active CPU power/performance management [cpufreq framework] ● Active device power/performance management [devfreq framework] ● Dynamic device power management [runtime PM framework] ● Constraints [pm-qos framework]
    • Use case walkthrough MP3 playback
    • mp3 playback: Assumptions Music on MMC/SDcard Decoding on ARM
    • mp3 playback: Simplified HW blocks DRAM ARM MMC/SD Buffer mp3 Audio codec SoC
    • mp3 playback: Flow mp3 DRAM ARM MMC/SD File Cache BufferPCM frames DMA decode Audio codec SoC
    • mp3 playback: SW optimisations Entire file read into main memory ● Run ARM cores at low frequency [cpufreq] ● Turn off MMC [runtime pm hooks in mmc driver] ● What is turned off? ● Clocks immediately ● Regulators turned off lazily ● Ensure system doesn't idle too long [cpuidle] ● Register a latency constraint [pm-qos]
    • mp3 playback: SW optimisations Decode mp3 to PCM ● Decoded samples in main memory ● Turn off ARM core, no more processing necessary [cpuidle] ● Peripherals may still be awake
    • mp3 playback: SW optimisations DMA from main memory to some FIFO ● e.g. FIFO on audio codec or some buffered serial port ● RAM can be put in self-refresh ● FIFO is large (few 100ms)
    • mp3 playback: SW optimisations Buffer drives Codec while entire SoC is in very low-power state ● Timer wakes up DMA thread just before buffer runs out
    • Conclusions ● ARM power consumption is a small component in a typical usecase ● Surrounding peripherals need to be power- managed too ● Linux has frameworks to help with this ● Runtime PM ● PM-QoS ● devfreq
    • Thank You