LCU13: George Grey Keynote LCU13

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Resource: LCU13
Name: George Grey Keynote LCU13
Date: 28-10-2013
Speaker: George Grey
Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CgdK-1WTJvc

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LCU13: George Grey Keynote LCU13

  1. 1. Linaro Connect USA, 2013 From Servers to the Internet of Things George Grey CEO, Linaro
  2. 2. • Vertically integrated • Design and sell x86 chips • 2012 $53Bn Revenue • Large investment in open source • Sells SoC IP, ARM Cores, Graphics • Customers design and sell SoCs • 30+ Cortex-A licensees • 2012 $0.9Bn Revenue • ARM and ARM customers invest in open source • Innovation is faster • Fragmentation needs to be avoided Business Models
  3. 3. Linaro Overview • Linaro is a not for profit software engineering company • Members are ARM SoC vendors and other companies interested in the ARM ecosystem • Rather than each company duplicating open source effort for common software, the cost is shared, and the software is built once • The work is carried out in the open, and the results are extensively tested and then upstreamed into the relevant open source projects – e.g. kernel.org • Today Linaro has over 200 engineers, about half are employees, half assignees
  4. 4. Linux Kernel Upstreaming • Linux 3.10 first released 30th June • Total patch sets in this kernel release: 13637 • Over 200 companies contributed to this kernel release Source: http://lwn.net/Articles/555867/ Linux 3.10 Contributors by company 1 None 1495 (11.1%) 2 Red Hat 1269 (9.4%) 3 Intel 912 (6.8%) 4 Linaro 877 (6.5%) 5 Texas Instruments 765 (5.7%) 6 Unknown 746 (5.5%) 7 Samsung 615 (4.6%) 8 IBM 402 (3.0%) 9 Vision 392 (2.9%) 10 Google 350 (2.6%) Linaro is #3 company contributor
  5. 5. Linux Kernel Upstreaming • Linux 3.12 RC6 • Total patch sets in this kernel release: 10480 • 212 known companies contributed to this kernel release Source: http://lwn.net/Articles/570483/ Linux 3.10 Contributors by company 1 Intel 1028 (9.8%) 2 None 964 (9.2%) 3 Linaro 732 (7.0%) 4 Red Hat 707 (6.7%) 5 Unknown 492 (4.7%) 6 Samsung 256 (2.4%) 7 IBM 249 (2.4%) 8 Freescale 245 (2.3%) 9 Renesas 225 (2.1%) 10 Texas Instruments 350 (2.6%) Linaro is #2 company contributor
  6. 6. Data explosion
  7. 7. Industry Disruption • Today – our entire industry is being disrupted • Mobile - Smartphones, Tablets, Wearables • Embedded markets - TV, Cameras, Consumer electronics, Cars • Networking - Routers, Switches, Cloud • Servers - Micro, Hyperscale, HPC • IOT - Huge future impact on cloud, data, analysis • One size no longer fits all • One vendor alone cannot compete • ARM’s business model and partners are key
  8. 8. Meeting the Challenge • Key agents of change: SoCs Open Source Software
  9. 9. A Tour of the Market for ARM SoCs • Servers • Networking Equipment • Automotive • Digital Home • Mobile • Embedded/IoT
  10. 10. Servers
  11. 11. Why Consider ARM Servers? Predictions • ARM servers will be lower cost • Throughput/$ and TCO • ARM servers will be more compact • Throughput/space • ARM servers will use less power • Throughput/Watt • Not just CPU cores – due to innovation in SoC integration • There will be more choice in the ARM server space, and software platforms will ensure compatibility
  12. 12. How long will it take? • 2013 • Applications: Storage/Streaming servers, Web server cluster • ARMv7 Cortex-A15, 1.5+GHz, LPAE, higher performance • Applications: memcached, Web server cluster, storage, some database apps • 2014 • ARMv8 64 bit Cortex-A57 cores delivered in SoCs • First 64 bit servers will appear • Software ecosystem will rapidly develop • Applications: Data Center Enterprise Servers, Virtualized platforms • 2015 onwards • ARM servers will be mainstream
  13. 13. Server Software • Linaro is building, validating and optimizing key software enablers for ARMv8 • Work started in 2012 on ARM models • Now running on first hardware • Goal is enabling open source and commercial ISVs to rapidly deploy applications when multinode servers are available from 2014 onwards
  14. 14. Current LEG Members • Group Director: Andrea Gallo
  15. 15. Networking Equipment
  16. 16. Linaro Networking Group • There is an accelerating need for engineering effort for ARM-based networking equipment. Fragmentation and duplication will result unless this effort is coordinated. • Standards for ARM-based network equipment need to be agreed • A scalable model is needed to enable ARM vendors to supply cross-SoC software stacks and tested SDN/NFV platforms
  17. 17. Networking Equipment • Key technical areas • RT Patch set • Virtualization • LTS kernel version for LNG • Big-endian support for legacy code • Data Plane APIs/frameworks
  18. 18. Current LNG Members • Group Director: Raj Murali
  19. 19. Automotive
  20. 20. Automotive • Fragmented marketplace • Multiple Platforms • Sync (Ford/Microsoft) • Genivi (Linux) • Automotive Grade Linux (Tizen/Linux Foundation) • iOS (Apple) • Android • Long design-in/decision cycles
  21. 21. Automotive • Linaro delivers ROI to members when there is an opportunity to colloborate and share software development costs for mutual benefit • The automotive IVI market remains fragmented and SoC vendors tend to “lock-in” to long term design wins with specific car manufacturers • Linaro could form an automotive group if there was demand from the manufacturers and SoC vendors for engineering common open source software implementations
  22. 22. Digital Home
  23. 23. Digital Home • Content consumption on mobile devices • Seamless link from STB/Gateway to multiple screens • TVs, Tablets, Mobile phones • Secure delivery of premium content • Fragmented ecosystem, especially round Linux • Out of date kernels • Per-SoC media pipelines and frameworks • Per-SoC security
  24. 24. Digital Home • Proposed creation of Linaro Digital Home Group (LHG) • In discussion with 20+ companies • Meeting this week • Thursday 3-5pm in Alameda Meeting Room • Group expected to start work in November/December building on existing project in Linaro working on the Comcast RDK • Group Director: Mark Gregotski
  25. 25. Digital Home • Key Initial Technical Areas • Improved media framework APIs and Infrastructure • Leverage ARM Trustzone and open source TEE for delivery of an open source implementation of the W3C Embedded Media Encryption standard • Leverage LSK to provide a stable modern kernel to enable different Digital Home related distributions for OEMs • RDK, Android, OEM-specific Linux • Deliver tested implementations of key middleware on LSK • GStreamer, Stagefright • ARM/Cablelabs DLNA CVP2 and optimized webkit HTML5
  26. 26. Mobile
  27. 27. Mobile • Foundation of Linaro efforts and Working Groups • Key focus for Linaro since inception • Kernel consolidation • Graphics and Multimedia • Power Management • Continuing work on 32 bit innovation • Multicore, Advanced GPU • Apple iPhone 5s heralds the 64 bit era for mobile
  28. 28. Android • Linaro has led the way on upstreaming Android functionality into the mainline kernel (John Stultz) • Android now has its own engineering team within Linaro led by Khasim Mohammed • Focus areas • Power management – big.LITTLE and 2/4/8 Multicore • Performance and Optimization opportunities
  29. 29. Android 64 • Android for ARMv8 • Juice Project • 64 bit kernel with existing Android user space • Internal Club/Core member-first project, enabling preparation for mobile 64 bit products • Android 64 • Linaro ready to work on project once code is available from ARM/Google
  30. 30. Other Mobile Platforms • Members determine engagement & priority • Firefox-OS • Ubuntu Mobile • Tizen • Sailfish OS
  31. 31. Mobile SubCommittee • Open to Club and Core members • Focus on mobile roadmap & priorities for Linaro Working Groups and Platform team
  32. 32. Embedded/Internet of Things
  33. 33. Internet of Things • Broad definition • Wireless location beacons • Wearable devices • “Watches” • Google Glass • Healthcare/Biometrics • Home control and monitoring • Power • Heating/Lighting/Sensors • Appliances
  34. 34. Hardware Building Blocks • Cell phone technology • ARM Cortex-A series • Microcontrollers • ARM Cortex R/M Series • Communications • Low power Bluetooth • 6LoWPAN (low bandwidth IPv6 wireless) • Security
  35. 35. Fragmented Software • Embedded Linux/Android • RTOS • No standards, many point solutions • “Free” software from vendors, licensed only to their devices • ARM mbed – CMSIS Cortex Microcontroller Software Interface Standard • Communications • Lightweight/Micro IP • Mesh networks • Security • As standards emerge, open source will be key • Linaro OCTO is preparing white paper and recommendations for members
  36. 36. Hardware • IoT Development • See http://mbed.org/platforms
  37. 37. Summary • SoCs and Open source software are key to current industry disruptions across multiple segments • Linaro is a key resource and partner for our members, and with their support we expect to continue to grow our team and our software engineering output
  38. 38. Announcements • Security Working Group • WG Lead – Joakim Bech • Linaro has joined HSA and OCP • LMP is being contributed to OCP as an open source project • Andy Green has been instrumental in the development of LMP • LNG will be making announcements tomorrow on dataplane frameworks
  39. 39. Introduction Dong Wei • HP Fellow, UEFI Forum VP (Chief Executive), ACPI SIG Secretary, and Chair of the PCI SIG Firmware Working Group
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