Do Now: Look at the photo on page197. Where are Proctor and the women  being taken? What about the photo   conveys a sense...
• execution• “it’s a proper morning to fly into  Hell”• day’s events will be very grim• jail-like appearance of the cart• ...
• Sarah Good’s state of  mind is fragile and  almost delirious –  responds to the Devil as  an unseen master and  babbles ...
• In lines 52-80• “bitter cold” outside  (58)• no fire for warmth  (76-77);• the only physical  comfort is “old rags  and ...
• People have been  executed - the cows  are wandering  aimlessly around the  village since their  owners have died• orpha...
• Parris asks Danforth  to postpone the  executions• Parris is actually  trying to save his  own skin-villagers  are doubt...
• Abigail and Mercy  Lewis they have  disappeared, along  with all Parris’ money  – worried about their  own safety• Parri...
• People like Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor  still carry a lot of weight in the town; their  deaths might result in venge...
• The confession of a Rebecca Nurse or  a John Proctor would convince the  town that anyone can be linked with  the Devil ...
• Parris - there was a dagger stuck in his door –  a warning or assassination attempt
• Danforth cannot pardon those who refuse to  confess because 12 people have already been  hanged for the same crime• to p...
• Mob action that rises from hysteria feeds on  excessive emotion from the crowd• Parris is afraid that hysteria will turn...
• Hale is trying to convince Rebecca Nurse and  John Proctor to lie and to admit to witchcraft• feels guilty for participa...
• Lines 344-360. He admits that his  initial views regarding the witch  hunt were misdirected.• whatever he touched with h...
• Elizabeth Proctor is brought to see John to  convince him to confess• this will prove to the community that the  witchcr...
• Lines 368-386. Elizabeth is proud and refuses  to be controlled by Danforth. “I promise  nothing” = defiance.• She has b...
• Giles Corey would not answer or acknowledge  the charges against him.• “More weight” - courage• his big mouth had gotten...
• The hysterical search for the Devil was  supposed to protect people, instead, it is  destroying them.• Proctors = a husb...
• Proctor asks which people have confessed to  witchcraft• he is thinking that he might confess to stay  with his family, ...
• John convinced himself that  he is not a saint, like  Rebecca, so he shouldn’t die  a martyr’s death like her.• lying to...
• Elizabeth’s advises that he must decide for himself• she tells him it was her fault that he had the affair  with Abigail...
• Proctor learns that his confession must be  written and posted – used as an example and  proof• Will not condemn Rebecca...
• John’s ‘confession’ must be permanent so it  can be used to prove the court’s victory to  those that are starting to doubt
• Proctor argues that he confesses before  witnesses and before God – there is no need  for paper proof• the public isn’t ...
• Lines 725-730• Proctor’s name is his reputation and he can’t  have another one; he knows that what others  say and what ...
• “I will not deal in lies” line 733• Ironic• Danforth’s court and judgments are all based  on lies
• Proctor refuses to save himself with lies, dies  for truth• Elizabeth decides to let him go - “he has his  goodness now,...
• At the end, John and Elizabeth reconcile• They realize that neither one is perfect – she  was a “poor” wife, and he turn...
• line 746• Proctor has strength  and goodness, which  he thought he had lost  because of his affair;  the court’s injusti...
John’s conflicts• Internal: feelings for Abigail – comes to despise her  when he sees what she has done to the town• Inter...
Tragic Hero• Character must be of noble/high reputation• Pride blinds them• Tragic flaw – pride, greed, lust, ambition, je...
Themes• society can be shaken by irrational fear• importance of integrity – even under  persecution• Universal conflicts o...
"The Crucible" Act Four
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"The Crucible" Act Four

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"The Crucible" Act Four

  1. 1. Do Now: Look at the photo on page197. Where are Proctor and the women being taken? What about the photo conveys a sense of hopelessness?
  2. 2. • execution• “it’s a proper morning to fly into Hell”• day’s events will be very grim• jail-like appearance of the cart• chains that bind the characters – no escape, Proctor looks vacant, like a caged animal• the woman next to him has her eyes closed, trying to block out the scene or showing resignation
  3. 3. • Sarah Good’s state of mind is fragile and almost delirious – responds to the Devil as an unseen master and babbles about being transformed into a bluebird and flying off to Barbados with Tituba
  4. 4. • In lines 52-80• “bitter cold” outside (58)• no fire for warmth (76-77);• the only physical comfort is “old rags and straw” (55)• the smell is terrible (80)
  5. 5. • People have been executed - the cows are wandering aimlessly around the village since their owners have died• orphans in town• crops are rotting• Parris is acting as though he were insane – guilt?
  6. 6. • Parris asks Danforth to postpone the executions• Parris is actually trying to save his own skin-villagers are doubting the veracity of the trials and to blame Parris for instigating them
  7. 7. • Abigail and Mercy Lewis they have disappeared, along with all Parris’ money – worried about their own safety• Parris fears there will be a riot• the people of Andover have overthrown the court, fed up with the witchcraft trials – rebellion
  8. 8. • People like Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor still carry a lot of weight in the town; their deaths might result in vengeance, especially toward Parris
  9. 9. • The confession of a Rebecca Nurse or a John Proctor would convince the town that anyone can be linked with the Devil and that the witch trials were accurate• If they maintain innocence the town might have doubts about the court; honest people will weep for them and the purpose of the court will lose its goodness since it will be seen as killing good people
  10. 10. • Parris - there was a dagger stuck in his door – a warning or assassination attempt
  11. 11. • Danforth cannot pardon those who refuse to confess because 12 people have already been hanged for the same crime• to pardon others would be unjust and cast doubt
  12. 12. • Mob action that rises from hysteria feeds on excessive emotion from the crowd• Parris is afraid that hysteria will turn against him
  13. 13. • Hale is trying to convince Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor to lie and to admit to witchcraft• feels guilty for participating in the deaths of others and wants to save lives at all cost; he screams “there is blood on my head”
  14. 14. • Lines 344-360. He admits that his initial views regarding the witch hunt were misdirected.• whatever he touched with his law and religion died;• any faith that leads to the loss of life or asks for a blood sacrifice should be abandoned• Life is God’s greatest gift• “God damns a liar less than he that throws away his life away for pride. Pride is Lucifer’s sin.” – pride is worse
  15. 15. • Elizabeth Proctor is brought to see John to convince him to confess• this will prove to the community that the witchcraft charges are true not only about him but about all the other upstanding citizens who are awaiting execution
  16. 16. • Lines 368-386. Elizabeth is proud and refuses to be controlled by Danforth. “I promise nothing” = defiance.• She has been used before and condemned John when she didn’t speak the truth about his affair with Abby = has learned that she cannot trust the court
  17. 17. • Giles Corey would not answer or acknowledge the charges against him.• “More weight” - courage• his big mouth had gotten his wife in trouble – he refuses to open his mouth to accuse anyone
  18. 18. • The hysterical search for the Devil was supposed to protect people, instead, it is destroying them.• Proctors = a husband and wife are torn apart, a father will die unnecessarily, children lose their parents• Elizabeth hasn’t seen the sons in months, the new baby will never know its father
  19. 19. • Proctor asks which people have confessed to witchcraft• he is thinking that he might confess to stay with his family, but none of the good people have confessed – he would feel like a weak fraud, since Rebecca and Martha are not afraid to die
  20. 20. • John convinced himself that he is not a saint, like Rebecca, so he shouldn’t die a martyr’s death like her.• lying to save his life won’t make him any worse of person since he’s a sinner already• doesn’t want to be an inspiration• fears to leave his children without a father
  21. 21. • Elizabeth’s advises that he must decide for himself• she tells him it was her fault that he had the affair with Abigail, because she was insecure, jealous and cold• She never realized what a good man he is and she sees his goodness now (525-6)
  22. 22. • Proctor learns that his confession must be written and posted – used as an example and proof• Will not condemn Rebecca when asked• when he is told to sign the confession – pride and ownership of his name
  23. 23. • John’s ‘confession’ must be permanent so it can be used to prove the court’s victory to those that are starting to doubt
  24. 24. • Proctor argues that he confesses before witnesses and before God – there is no need for paper proof• the public isn’t his judge, God is, and God saw him write his name and confess
  25. 25. • Lines 725-730• Proctor’s name is his reputation and he can’t have another one; he knows that what others say and what he says do not have the same value
  26. 26. • “I will not deal in lies” line 733• Ironic• Danforth’s court and judgments are all based on lies
  27. 27. • Proctor refuses to save himself with lies, dies for truth• Elizabeth decides to let him go - “he has his goodness now, God forbid I take it from him”• He is redeemed
  28. 28. • At the end, John and Elizabeth reconcile• They realize that neither one is perfect – she was a “poor” wife, and he turned to sin• At the end both of them do the right thing – he refuses to lie, she refuses to make him• They forgive one another
  29. 29. • line 746• Proctor has strength and goodness, which he thought he had lost because of his affair; the court’s injustice gave him back a peace that he had lost• Rebecca tell John not to fear because they will get a just judgment when they die – allusion to Heaven
  30. 30. John’s conflicts• Internal: feelings for Abigail – comes to despise her when he sees what she has done to the town• Internal: feelings for Elizabeth – rediscovers his love for her when he sees her strength• Internal: decision to confess – saves his reputation and takes back his confession• External: Parris – wins the battle by refusing a confession• External: Elizabeth – they fall back in love• External: court – he refuses to condemn his friends and dies for the truth
  31. 31. Tragic Hero• Character must be of noble/high reputation• Pride blinds them• Tragic flaw – pride, greed, lust, ambition, jealousy, etc.• Flaw leads to downfall – ruins his career or reputation• Enlightenment (near the end of the play) – realizes his sin, he is humble, and accepts consequences• Death• Everyone everywhere can relate to the kinds of problems or sufferings or emotions
  32. 32. Themes• society can be shaken by irrational fear• importance of integrity – even under persecution• Universal conflicts or themes• good versus evil• dissent vs. authority• individual vs. society• fear vs. courage

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