What is Plagiarism?Plagiarize: to steal or pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own: use (another’s production) without crediting the source (Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary 11th ed).
It’s not a black & white issue.Plagiarism can get a bit muddy…. Purdue University Online Writing Lab, http://owl.English.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html
What are the two times you don’t need to cite your source? Your Own Information Common Knowledge
Which of these do you need to cite? How I feel about Sept. 11, 2001. NO. It’s my words and ideas. Information I learned about whales on a National Geographic television program YES! Someone else’s words and ideas even though it isn’t on paper. A quote from Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech YES—if it’s in quotes then you must cite it. That the United States declared independence from England on July 4, 1776. NO—this is “common knowledge”
QuoteHow to Quote? Hit the nail directly on the head with a hammer! Must match your source exactly word-for-word Must be just a small part of the original (maximum of 2 sentences per paragraph)
ParaphraseIt sounds simple, but it can be tricky.The rule is: USE YOUR OWN WORDS
So How Do We Do It?o Read the passage carefully PARAPHRASEo Decide the main ME! ideas of the passageo Highlight important words or phraseso Put the main points in your own words
Example 1 Passage from Book • Ancient Egyptians believed that Osiris, a good and wise king, was the first pharaoh. He spread knowledge to other parts of the world, while his wife, Isis, ruled Egypt in his place.
Good Paraphrase Poor Paraphrasing• King Osiris was the • King Osiris was an first pharaoh and ancient Egyptian King spread knowledge. and the first pharaoh. Queen Isis ruled He was good and wise Egypt when he was because he spread gone. knowledge to other parts of the world. His wife Isis ruled Egypt in his place.
Example 2 Passage from Booko Upon returning home, Osiris was murdered by his evil brother Set, who cut Osiris’s body into pieces and dumped it in the Nile River. Isis found the body and put it back together by winding linen bandages around it.
Good Paraphrase• Osiris’s brother Set killed Osiris by cutting his body Poor Paraphrase into pieces, and • Osiris was Isis put the body murdered and Isis back together. found the body
• Some employees have to work long hours in hot, overcrowded conditions for low pay. • Some workers are exploited.
• Computers can process information quicker and with less mistakes than people.• Computers are more efficient than people.
Summarize• Include only the main points• Read the source first, make notes, then, write a summary without looking at the source