Native Americans were already inhabiting theU.S. when the first explorers came to our country DO NOW: Read page 16. What can you tell about Native American beliefs (especially in relationship to the land)? What can you tell about the relationship/conflict between the explorers and the Native Americans? Write in complete sentences.
Native Beliefs•Caretakers, notowners, of theland•Nature is aliveand aware –sacred.•Nature is a helperto man.
Explorer andEuropean Beliefs • Claimed the land – aggression toward nature; dominion •Traveled for glory and riches, risked the unknown
What is it that causes people toseek out the unknown? Whatqualities does an explorer have?
Many of the early settlers were religiousreformers called Puritans, whose religious faith was evident in the literature of this time
Are people basically good or evil? Are theydestined to struggle against base instincts?Puritansbelievedpeople weresinful anddoomed frombirth.
Native Americans: What’s their story? • 300 different cultures • Earliest form of American literature: ritual songs and chants, poems • Creation myths: explain origin and natural and supernatural phenomena, use cause and effect relationships
Storytelling (not written language): •History and legend entrusted to memory •Passed from generation to generation •Oral tradition
Why is oral tradition more meaningful than the written word? Do you see any problems with preserving the culture through the spoken word?
Why do you think this story doesn’t have a proper author? List any creation myths/folk tales you are familiar with. Why do different cultures have different creation myths?
Myth: a collective belief ofa group of people used toexplain the world view orjustify behavior or ritual ofthat group