Short Story Literary Analysis This is an essay which will analyze the author’s development of a theme or character in a short story.
Introduction The introduction must introduce the author, the title of the story, provide a brief plot summary, state the theme of the story, and explain which literary devices the author uses to develop the theme.
Body Paragraphs Each body paragraph must focus on one literary device Both stories must be discussed
Quotes Each body paragraph must include at least one quote and must follow proper format for integrating quotes.
Conclusion Restate your thesis in different words Tells what you’ve learned by analyzing the work Why is it important that we still read this piece of literature?
Summary versus Analysis A summary re-tells a story. An analysis examines the cause or effect of an incident in the story, compares or contrasts 2 characters, explains how an event occurred etc…Ex: Mary had a little lamb
Summary: Mary had a little lamb. It followed her to school. No lambs were allowed in school. The children laughed. Analysis: One reason Mary may have brought the lamb to school was to get attention. All the children “laughed and played”, making Mary feel at the center and popular.
The author’s last name and page number go after the quotation inside of parentheses. This is called the QUO-PAR-PUNC rule.“I shall not see on earth a place more dear” (Homer line 137). QUO= PAR= PUNC= quotation parentheses punctuation
Clothe the FrontThere are two ways tobegin a sentence thatincludes a quotation.1. Use a signal phrase.2. Integrate the author’s words into your own writing.
Signal Phrases A signal phrase indicates that you are about to use language that is not your own.
Example 1Revise: Odysseus shows that he is an epic hero in the Cyclops episode, “I would not heed them in my glorying spirit,/ but let my anger flare…” (Homer lines 500-501).
Example 2Fixed: Odysseus shows his loyalty to his homeland by forcing his men to continue on their journey. He explains, “I drove them, all three wailing, to the ships…” (line 211).