disturbances of an
individual’s behavioral or
that are not culturally
accepted and that lead to
and/or impaired overall
functioning (Baron, 2005).
Many mental disorders are uncommon.
Most, although not all, mental illness causes emotional pain.
Impairment- most mental disorders interfere with individuals daily
Societal disapproval- we often stereotype and discriminate against
individuals with mental disorders.
Biological dysfunction- failures in biological systems.
1400’s- moon influenced brain and induced madness
Possession of evil spirits
Physical factors- brain damage, hereditary
Rest, good food and drink and solitude
bloodletting, sensory deprivation, electro-shock therapy, lobotomy
Living with the disorder – impact on life and others
Treatment (past and present)
How society views the disorder
Causes of the disorder
Genetic factors – run in families
Psychological factors – families create environments that place their
children at risk.
Inherited (as in hemophilia, sickle-cell
Physical damage - may be temporary or
Organic – lack of nutrition, chemical
poisoning from environment, cancer