Disorders (Expository Essay Topics)

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Disorders (Expository Essay Topics)

  1. 1. disturbances of an individual’s behavioral or psychological functioning that are not culturally accepted and that lead to psychological distress, behavioral disability, and/or impaired overall functioning (Baron, 2005).
  2. 2.  Many mental disorders are uncommon.  Most, although not all, mental illness causes emotional pain.  Impairment- most mental disorders interfere with individuals daily functioning.  Societal disapproval- we often stereotype and discriminate against individuals with mental disorders.  Biological dysfunction- failures in biological systems. 3
  3. 3. CAUSES  1400’s- moon influenced brain and induced madness  Supernatural forces  Possession of evil spirits  Physical factors- brain damage, hereditary TREATMENT  Asylums  Exorcism  Beaten  Starved  Rest, good food and drink and solitude  bloodletting, sensory deprivation, electro-shock therapy, lobotomy 4
  4. 4.  Disruptive Disorders (defiance disorder, ADD, ADHD)  Food and Eating Disorders (bulimia, anorexia)  Developmental Disorders (autism)  Mood Disorders (bi-polar, depression)  Anxiety Disorders (phobias, OCD, paranoia, PTSD)  Dissociative Disorder (amnesia, identity disorders)  Schizophrenia  Personality Disorders 5
  5. 5.  Living with the disorder – impact on life and others  Treatment (past and present)  How society views the disorder  Causes of the disorder  Genetic factors – run in families  Biological factors  Biochemical factors  Psychological factors – families create environments that place their children at risk. 6
  6. 6.  Inherited (as in hemophilia, sickle-cell anemia, diabetes).  Physical damage - may be temporary or permanent  Organic – lack of nutrition, chemical poisoning from environment, cancer 7

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