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  1. 1. What is culture?
  2. 2. What is culture? Culture - has been called "the way of life for an entire society." As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, norms of behaviors and systems of belief.
  3. 3. Values/Beliefs Values comprise ideas about what in life seems important.What are the values in the United States and why?
  4. 4. Religion Collection of narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories intended to give meaning to life, to explain the origin of life and the universe Morality, ethics, religious laws and lifestyle derived from ideas about human nature Around 4,200 religions in the world
  5. 5. Norms Norms consist of expectations of how people will behave in various situations. Appropriate social behavior and expectations in politenessWhat are the norms in the United States?
  6. 6. Institutions Institutions are the structures of a society within which values and norms are transmitted. Schools, churches, legal buildings (police, court)
  7. 7. Myths, Legends and Folktales  Short, traditional, historicized narrative performed in a conversational mode, reflecting folk belief and collective experiences and serving as a reaffirmation of commonly held values of the group to whose tradition it belongs.  Teach lessons important for community.  Not entirely realistic.
  8. 8. Food Cooked for certain celebrations and holidays; sacred Basic (meat, fish, dairy, eggs, veg, grain, nuts, spices) Foods that grow abundant in a region. Sometimes only for certain groups of people.
  9. 9. Holidays and Celebrations A day designated as having special significance  Often accompanied by celebrations or festivities – special costumes, behavior, food  Sometimes mark important changes in life – birth, death, marriage, New Year, coming of age
  10. 10. Art, Music, Literature  Art is the expression of human emotion and creativity, generally through a visual medium – painting, sculpture, photo, theater, dance, etc.  Explain what is beautiful in a culture  Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence  Literature is the art of the written word and the beauty of language
  11. 11. Clothing  the amount and type of clothing worn depends on physical, social and geographic considerations.  Clothing can show occupation, gender and social status.  Norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty/religion  adornment and an expression of personal taste or style.
  12. 12. Clothing cont. protection from the elements enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hunting and cooking protects the wearer from rough surfaces, plants, insects, Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. hygienic barrier
  13. 13. Sub-culturesa subculture is a group of people within a culture (distinct or hidden) which differentiates them from the larger culture to which they belong. Stand out through clothing, music, art, and other of the above elements