What is culture? Culture - has been called "the way of life for an entire society." As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, norms of behaviors and systems of belief.
Values/Beliefs Values comprise ideas about what in life seems important.What are the values in the United States and why?
Religion Collection of narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories intended to give meaning to life, to explain the origin of life and the universe Morality, ethics, religious laws and lifestyle derived from ideas about human nature Around 4,200 religions in the world
Norms Norms consist of expectations of how people will behave in various situations. Appropriate social behavior and expectations in politenessWhat are the norms in the United States?
Institutions Institutions are the structures of a society within which values and norms are transmitted. Schools, churches, legal buildings (police, court)
Myths, Legends and Folktales Short, traditional, historicized narrative performed in a conversational mode, reflecting folk belief and collective experiences and serving as a reaffirmation of commonly held values of the group to whose tradition it belongs. Teach lessons important for community. Not entirely realistic.
Food Cooked for certain celebrations and holidays; sacred Basic (meat, fish, dairy, eggs, veg, grain, nuts, spices) Foods that grow abundant in a region. Sometimes only for certain groups of people.
Holidays and Celebrations A day designated as having special significance Often accompanied by celebrations or festivities – special costumes, behavior, food Sometimes mark important changes in life – birth, death, marriage, New Year, coming of age
Art, Music, Literature Art is the expression of human emotion and creativity, generally through a visual medium – painting, sculpture, photo, theater, dance, etc. Explain what is beautiful in a culture Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence Literature is the art of the written word and the beauty of language
Clothing the amount and type of clothing worn depends on physical, social and geographic considerations. Clothing can show occupation, gender and social status. Norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty/religion adornment and an expression of personal taste or style.
Clothing cont. protection from the elements enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hunting and cooking protects the wearer from rough surfaces, plants, insects, Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. hygienic barrier
Sub-culturesa subculture is a group of people within a culture (distinct or hidden) which differentiates them from the larger culture to which they belong. Stand out through clothing, music, art, and other of the above elements