Impacts of Climate Change on Cambodia
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Impacts of Climate Change on Cambodia

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  • Cambodia is already vulnerable to disasters caused by climatic events, such as floods and drought. The high dependency on rain-fed farming makes agriculture sector particularly vulnerable. The floods and drought are recognised as one of the main contributors to poverty in the country.
  • There are significant economic losses associated to such climatic events. Floods and drought are major causes of production loss of Cambodia’s single major crop, rice. In case of sever floods, a number of casualties are reported in addition to economic losses. These lead to long-term damages to livelihoods and communities, in addition to the one-time shock of the event Another recent study by the WorldFish Centre warned that Cambodia is one of the countries whose economy would be most affected by climate change impacts on fisheries. It is due to the country’s high dependency on fish as main proten source of the population, as well as export income. Another well known impact of climate change is the sea level rise. One-meter rise would submerge 56% of the City of Koh Kong, or 0.4% of the Province. This and sea water intrusion into the local hydrological system could spoil agriculture, infrastructure, tourism and livelihood.
  • There are significant economic losses associated to such climatic events. Floods and drought are major causes of production loss of Cambodia’s single major crop, rice. In case of sever floods, a number of casualties are reported in addition to economic losses. These lead to long-term damages to livelihoods and communities, in addition to the one-time shock of the event Another recent study by the WorldFish Centre warned that Cambodia is one of the countries whose economy would be most affected by climate change impacts on fisheries. It is due to the country’s high dependency on fish as main proten source of the population, as well as export income. Another well known impact of climate change is the sea level rise. One-meter rise would submerge 56% of the City of Koh Kong, or 0.4% of the Province. This and sea water intrusion into the local hydrological system could spoil agriculture, infrastructure, tourism and livelihood.
  • There are significant economic losses associated to such climatic events. Floods and drought are major causes of production loss of Cambodia’s single major crop, rice. In case of sever floods, a number of casualties are reported in addition to economic losses. These lead to long-term damages to livelihoods and communities, in addition to the one-time shock of the event Another recent study by the WorldFish Centre warned that Cambodia is one of the countries whose economy would be most affected by climate change impacts on fisheries. It is due to the country’s high dependency on fish as main proten source of the population, as well as export income. Another well known impact of climate change is the sea level rise. One-meter rise would submerge 56% of the City of Koh Kong, or 0.4% of the Province. This and sea water intrusion into the local hydrological system could spoil agriculture, infrastructure, tourism and livelihood.
  • There are significant economic losses associated to such climatic events. Floods and drought are major causes of production loss of Cambodia’s single major crop, rice. In case of sever floods, a number of casualties are reported in addition to economic losses. These lead to long-term damages to livelihoods and communities, in addition to the one-time shock of the event Another recent study by the WorldFish Centre warned that Cambodia is one of the countries whose economy would be most affected by climate change impacts on fisheries. It is due to the country’s high dependency on fish as main proten source of the population, as well as export income. Another well known impact of climate change is the sea level rise. One-meter rise would submerge 56% of the City of Koh Kong, or 0.4% of the Province. This and sea water intrusion into the local hydrological system could spoil agriculture, infrastructure, tourism and livelihood.
  • For Cambodia, implications for food security are quite serious. Its high dependency on single crop and rain-fed farming makes the country’s bread (rice) bascket so vulnerable. Also the majority of rice growers are subsistence farmers. When they lose their cops, they have nothing to eat. Diversification of crops and strengthening of agricultural practices, as well as promotion of domestic processing, would strengthen not only agriculture production of the country but also capacity to cope with potential impacts deriving from climate change. There is also a risk of water quality degradation and impact on sanitation. This also leads to health implications: increase in water-bone tropical diseases, such as malaria and dengue, is expected to increase, while the country already suffers significantly from these problems. Available figures of socio-economic impacts are still patchy, but we know well enough that increased and extreme climatic events as well as gradual shift in climate and impacts on ecosystem would have serious socio-economic implications, if we remain unprepared. These implications can be short-term, medium or long-term. Therefore, neglecting imminent climate change impacts should reverse the current development efforts and investments made by the government, civil society and development partners.
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Impacts of Climate Change on Cambodia Impacts of Climate Change on Cambodia Presentation Transcript

  • Potential Impacts – floods & drought
    • Cambodia is vulnerable to floods and droughts.
    • High dependency on rain-fed farming makes agriculture sector particularly vulnerable.
    • Floods and drought are recognized as one of the main contributors to poverty.
    Map of flood-prone communes Map of drought-prone communes Source: WFP (2005) & Lay Kim, UNDP CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Potential Impacts of climate change on Cambodia
    • Some of the 500 or so Cambodian freshwater species will thrive in a changed climate, while others may die out
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Countries whose fisheries are most vulnerable to climate change
  • Potential Impacts of climate change on Cambodia
    • Many live in high risk areas from flooding, droughts and cyclones
    • For most Cambodians live in rural areas and are reliant on agriculture, long-term risks associated with climate change include water insecurity, increased sea level, cyclones and disruption or collapse of Cambodia's critical ecosystems, (UNDP report 2007).
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association View slide
  • Various implications
    • Destructive floods have become more frequent in recent years. (INC)
    • Past known economic losses: Between 1998-2002, floods caused 70% of production losses of rice, while drought 20%. The floods of 2000-2002 only caused USD 205 million damage.
    • Cambodia’s economy is rated as one of the most vulnerable to impacts of climate change on fisheries . (Allison et al 2009)  
    • Sea level rise – e.g. 1m rise can submerge 56% of Koh Kong City  damage to infrastructure, agriculture, tourism, and livelihood
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association View slide
  • Various implications
    • Typhoon Ketsana destroyed hundreds of homes in Cambodia
    • Global warming had increased the country’s wet season rainfall and decrease its dry season rainfall (MoE report)
    • Cambodia’s paddy production was destroyed as much as 70 percent by floods, and 20 percent and 10 percent respectively by droughts and diseases. (reported 2007)
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Various implications (cont.)
    • Significant implications for food security , especially in undiversified agriculture & economy (High dependency on single crop rice and low processing capacity within the country)
    • Risk of water quality degradation and sanitation
    • Health : increase in water-related / tropical diseases such as malaria and dengue fever, typhoid and diarrhea.
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Impacts from the flooded on local peoples CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Impact from the flooded on local peoples CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Impacts from flooded on people livelihood CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Impact from flooded on people’s livelihood CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Drought Impacts on people’s livelihood and life CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
    • Rain late-affected to agriculture of poeople,
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
    • Sand filling by nature in fish deep pool of the SeSan river
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
    • Water Shallow
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
    • Boat on the Sand
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association