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Impacts of cc on cambodia part 1
 

Impacts of cc on cambodia part 1

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  • It is now a established fact that climate change is happening. Although developing countries have contributed least to cause the global warming, it is under threat of its impact. A projection carried out by leading research institutions provides one scenario of temperature increase when the world continued “business as usual.” The days will be hotter, and the hot season will be longer, too.
  • Precipitation (rain fall) patterns will be affected. We may have more erratic frequency and intensity of rainfalls, including tropical storms. More precipitation does not necessarily mean longer rainy season: it could be more intense rain within a short period causing floods. Or vise versa, droughts.
  • So how prepared are we in Southeast Asia to face climate change, which is already happening? According to a recent study by EEPSEA, the region is highly vulnerable to its impacts. Here the vulnerability is measured by looking at degree of risk / exposure to climatic hazards, sensitivity due to population density etc., as well as adaptive capacity of people or society as a composite index of socio-economic factors, technology and infrastructure. Capacity to adapt to climate change and overall climate change vulnerability is closely correlated with the level of development. That means the less a country is developed in socio-economic and human development terms, the more the country is vulnerable to climate change. Note Cambodia’s high vulnerability in this map.
  • Then what do we know about Cambodia? The first assessment looking at the country’s future climate change scenario and vulnerability was carried out in 2001 by the Ministry of Environment, with support from UNDP and the Global Environment Facility. The study concluded that the temperature is going to increase up to 1.35 to 2.5 degrees Celcius by the next century. That feels a long way, but temperature increase is gradual and even half a degree increase could have various effects. Rainfall pattern will also change, with more erratic climatic events which would greatly affect agriculture of the country. Furthermore, tropical storms and other climatic events are not necessarily a result of temperature increase in Cambodia only. Remember, we are all under one global climate.

Impacts of cc on cambodia part 1 Impacts of cc on cambodia part 1 Presentation Transcript

  • IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CAMBODIA FORUM ON THE CURRENT CHALLENGES OF CLIMATE CHANGE By : Tek Vannara Date : July 5, 2011, Quezon City, Philippines Balay Kalinaw Conference Hall, University of the Philippines, Diliman,Quezon City CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • CONTENTS 1. Overview of Cambodia 2. Cambodia’s people livelihood 3. Climate Change in SEA & Cambodia 4. Climate Change Impacts on Cambodia 5. Conclusion CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • 1. Overview of Cambodia
    • Territory: 181,035 sq. km
    • Population: 13.4 million
    • Rural Population: 80.5 percent
    • GDP: US$ 739 per capita
    • Literacy Rate: 77.6 Percent =
    • Male: 85.1%, Female: 70.9%
    • Source: Census 2008
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • THE LIVELIHOOD CYCLE OF CAMBODIA’S RURAL PEOPLE Rice field, Home garden, River fishing, Forestry & Non Timber Forestry are also exchange by season CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association 2. CAMBODIA’S PEOPLE LIVELIHOOD
  • MAIN LIVELHOOD OCCUPATION OF CAMBODIAN CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • People depend on fishery resources of Tonesap and Mekong rivers CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Mekong fishery resources
  • CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Mekong fishery resources
  • Forestry Resources is our life CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Animal husbandry and local fruit production CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • People depend on
    • 80% of Cambodia’s people depend on agriculture,
    • fishery, forestry and river resources as the main
    • occupations.
    • Importance of fish product & income to Cambodia
      • 290,000t-430,000t
      • US$250-500 million dollar per year
      • Contribute 75% of the protein to Cambodian
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • 3. Climate Change in SE Asia and Cambodia
    • © Water & Climate change in Lower Mekong Basin Project / Helsinki University of Technology & SEA START Regional Center http://users.tkk.fi/u/mkummu/water&cc/ Climate scenario used: ECHAM4 A2
      • Temperature increase Figure: Projection of average daily maximum temperature (1980s – 2090s)
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
    • © Lay Kim-UNDP & Water & Climate change in Lower Mekong Basin Project / Helsinki University of Technology & SEA START Regional Center http://users.tkk.fi/u/mkummu/water&cc/ Climate scenario used: ECHAM4 A2
      • Changes in precipitation patterns – erratic, unpredictable
      • Figure: Annual precipitation in the 1980s and future change in %
      • (decadal average: 1980s – 2090s)
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Vulnerability to climate change
    • Source: Lay Kim-UNDP & Reproduced with permission from EEPSEA. Vulnerability as composite of exposure to climatic hazards, sensitivity to the hazards, and adaptive capacity
    CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  • Cambodia
    • Cambodia ’ s temperature would increase up to 1.35 - 2.5 0 C in 2100
    • Annual rainfall would increase between 3 and 35% from current condition; lowland areas seem to be more affected than highland areas (Source: Lay Kim-UNDP & First V&A Assessment: with two Global Circulation Models (GCM) : CCSR & CSIRO, and two emission scenarios: SRESA2 & SRESB1)
    Cambodia mean annual temperature anomaly Source: Oxford University (2008) CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association