Visual Dictionary Limestone


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Visual Dictionary Limestone

  1. 1. Visual DictionaryLimestone<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air Barrier paper-a sheet of material used as a barrier to keep conditioned air inside the building and outside air from intruding<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent- used to vent air in and out of the attic to prevent root<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge vent-used to vent air from the attic to help prevent root<br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent-used to vent air from the attic to prevent root<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine-A turbine on top of the roof of a house used to vent the attic to prevent root<br />
  7. 7. Backhoe<br />Backhoe-hydraulic machine with an attached arm and bucket used to move earth and others small materials.<br />Bucket width- 17 inches<br />
  8. 8. Batter Boards<br />
  9. 9. Brick arch<br />Brick arch #1<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arch<br />Brick arch # 2<br />
  11. 11. Brick Arch<br />Brick arch # 3 with a keystone<br />
  12. 12. Brick Arch<br />Centering. Used to form a arch so that brick or other stone can be laid in an arch<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds<br />Common brick bond<br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds<br />Running brick bond<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds<br />Rowlock brick pattern<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds<br />Header brick<br />
  17. 17. Brick bonds<br />Soldier brick<br />
  18. 18. Brick Bonds<br />Sailor bricks<br />
  19. 19. Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher rowlocks<br />
  20. 20. Brick Sizes<br />Modular Brick 3 ½” x 7 ½” x 2 ¼” <br />
  21. 21. Brick Sizes<br />Standard brick 3 ½” x 8” x 2 ¼” <br />
  22. 22. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer-a large tracked machine with a vertical blade in the front used to clear trees, earth, and etc from jobs sites <br />
  23. 23. Cladding<br />Brick clad structures<br />
  24. 24. Cladding<br />Eifs<br />
  25. 25. Cladding<br />Random Ashler stone cladding<br />
  26. 26. Cladding<br />Wood board cladding<br />
  27. 27. Cladding<br />Wood shake cladding<br />Wood shingle-a wood shingle that has been cut to have a smooth shape and texture<br />Wood shake- a shingle cut to have a rough shape and texture<br />
  28. 28. Code Requirements<br />10” tread 6” rise<br />Code require a min of 10” tread and 7 ¾” rise with ¾” noise. <br />Stairs were in right dimensions so the pass code.<br />Egress window-code requires that a min of 24” height, 20” width, 5.7 sq ft, and max off 44” of the finish floor.<br />This window passed code with a 36” width , height off 46”, 11sq stand 36 off finish floor<br />
  29. 29. Concrete control Joints<br />Control joint-an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur.<br />
  30. 30. Control Joints<br />Isolation joint slab from wall<br />
  31. 31. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />1 cmu = 3 bricks<br />CMU-a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as brick or stone . Normally 8x8x16<br />
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />6”<br />12”<br />6” and 12” cmu blocks<br />
  33. 33. Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed<br />cmu<br />Split cmu<br />
  34. 34. Doors<br />Exterior panel door<br />Top rail<br />panel<br />Exterior flush door<br />Stile<br />Lock rail<br />Bottom rail<br />
  35. 35. Doors<br />Sidelight-fixed glazed panels on the sides of doors<br />Transom- rounded window above a door<br />
  36. 36. Electrical Components <br />Power pole with above ground transformer used to transform high voltage power down to 120 volts for households <br />Service head- use to bring the power from the power poll into the meter then into the house<br />
  37. 37. Electrical Components<br />Electrical meter- used to measure the amount of power that is being used<br />Service panel-used to protect to house or building from electrical surges or faults<br />Electrical Duplex-used in the house or building to transfer the power from the wires in the wall to the device being used<br />
  38. 38. Framing Elements<br />#3 floor joist<br />#1<br />anchor<br />bolt<br />#4 subflooring<br />#2 <br />Sill <br />plate<br />#8 ceiling joist<br />#6 stud<br />#7 top plate<br />#9 rafter<br />#5 sole plate<br />
  39. 39. Framing Elements <br />#10 roof<br />decking<br />#12 stinger<br />#11<br />sheathing<br />
  40. 40. Front End Loader<br />Front end loader-a machine with a arm and bucket attached to the front, used to move topsoil, earth, and etc.<br />
  41. 41. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum Board- wallboard composed of mostly gypsum used as sheathing<br />
  42. 42. Heat Pump<br />Heat pump adv- cheaper long run power cost and more efficient than some other heat and cooling methods<br />Heat pump dis-higher up front cost to install than some other heating and cooling methods<br />Compressor/condenser-used to compress and condense fluids to heat and cool the house or building<br />Air handling unit- used to circulate the air through out the house or building<br />
  43. 43. Insulation<br />Batt insulation- used to keep help control to temp of a house or building<br />Foamed Insulation-<br />Used to fill hole or gaps to stop air leakage.<br />Rigid board insulation<br />Loose fill insulation<br />
  44. 44. Lintel<br />Lintel- a horizontal member above a door or window used to support the overhead weight<br />Steel lintel<br />
  45. 45. Mortar<br />#1 ½” tooled type k mortar on a engineering building<br />#2 3/8” troweled type k mortar on a apartment complex<br />
  46. 46. Oriented Strand BoardOSB<br />Osb-a nonveneered panel board made by layering strands of wood flakes in a specific orientation<br />
  47. 47. Plumbing<br />Lavatory with 1 ½” drain<br />Water closet with 3” drain<br />
  48. 48. Plumbing<br />Plumbing<br />Roof vent<br />VTR-used to vent the gases from the plumbing system out of the house and into the air through an opening in the roof<br />Drop in sink<br />
  49. 49. Plywood<br />Plywood- a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure<br />Veneer-a thin layer, sheet, or facing<br />
  50. 50. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant barrier- used in the houses and other buildings to help protect against the son uv rays and keep cooling cost down<br />
  51. 51. Rebar <br /># 3 rebar used to help strengthen concrete and prevent it from failing<br />
  52. 52. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Downspout-a tube that attaches to the gutter to guild the rain water run off from the gutter to the ground<br />Gutter-a channel on the eave of a house used to carry rain water run off<br />Splash block-used at the bottom off a downspout used to deflect the rain water run off out the spout way from the foundation<br />
  53. 53. Steep roof materials<br />Underlayment-a layer of water proof material such as belting felt between roof sheathing and roofing<br />Wood shingle<br />Shingle-a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or slopping roof watertight<br />
  54. 54. Steep roof materials <br />Clay tile roof<br />Metal aluminized steel roof<br />
  55. 55. Steep roof shapes<br />Gable roof<br />Hip roof<br />Gambrel roof<br />
  56. 56. Stepped roof terms<br />Valley-a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes<br />Ridge- the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof<br />Eave-the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof<br />
  57. 57. Steep roof terms<br />Rake-the sloping edge of a steep roof <br />Soffit-the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or roof overhang<br />
  58. 58. Steep roof terms <br />Fascia-the exposed vertical face of an eave<br />No fascia<br />
  59. 59. Stone <br />Random ashlar<br />Random rubble<br />Coursed rubble<br />
  60. 60. Vapor retarder<br />Vapor retarder- a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly.<br />
  61. 61. Water proofing<br />
  62. 62. Weep hole<br />Weep hole-a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or<br />
  63. 63. Welded wire fabric<br />
  64. 64. Windows<br />#1 single hung with one vertical opening window<br />#2 casement-sash tilts out on a vertical hinged jam<br />#3 Sliding- one sash slides horizontally over the other.<br />