Introduction<br />Today I’m going to talk about the amazing, inspirational Nelson Mandela “Madiba”.<br />The global Iconfor world peace, equality and justice. Mandela was an instrumental figure in ending apartheid in South Africa. He endured the most difficult adversities for him and his people to walk once again in the light of freedom. I will take you through his life time from childhood, imprisonment, relationships, and to his march tofreedom. <br />
Childhood<br /><ul><li>Born 18 July 1918 in a small village Mvenzo, Emtatain Transkei
18 of July in Sout Africa is a public holiday in his honour
Birth name Rolihlahla “the troublemaker” Mandela
Mandela was influenced by his father to become a Lawyer
His father died of tuberculosis when he was only 9</li></li></ul><li>Apartheid<br />Apartheid was a system of government is South Africa between 1948 and 1994.Literally it meant “apartness” and “segregation.” An official policy of racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites.<br />
Apartheid <br />The were 4 groups classified by the government this groups were<br />Blacks 71%<br />Whites 16%<br />Coloureds and Indians 10%<br />Asians 3%<br />
Nelson Mandela's Role in Apartheid<br />Anti-apartheid activities<br />In 1961, Mandela became leader of the ANC's(African National Congress)which he co-founded. After Mandela saw that non violent protesting had not and would not achieve any progress, at a desperate time like this he called for desperate measures.<br />He coordinated and organised sabotage campaigns (such as bombing places of apartheid like courts, post offices and government offices against military and government targets, in an attempt to end apartheid.Mandela also raised funds from abroad to training the group.<br />His rebellious ways ,disobeying curfews, organising boycotts soon lead to his arrest.<br />
Arrest<br />On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months<br />The U.S. Agency (THE CIA) tipped off the security police as to Mandela's whereabouts and disguise.<br />
Imprisonment<br /><ul><li>Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island where he remained for the next eighteen of his twenty-seven years in prison.
While in jail, his reputation grew and he became widely known as the most significant black leader in South Africa.
Prisoners were segregated by race.Political prisoners were kept separate from ordinary criminals and received fewer privileges.
He was allowed one visitor and one letter every 6months. </li></li></ul><li>Release<br />On 2 February 1990, President F.W. de Klerk reversed the ban on the ANC and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released from prison.<br />Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990. The event was broadcast live all over the world.<br />
Presidency<br />Mandela encouraged black South Africans to get behind the previously hated Springboks (the South African national rugby team) as South Africa hosted the 1995 Rugby World Cup. After the Springboks won an epic final over New Zealand, Mandela presented the trophy to captain Francois Pienaar, An Afrikaner, wearing a Springbok shirt with Pienaar's own number 6 on the back. This was widely seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.<br />
Marriage and Family<br /><ul><li>Mandela's first marriage was to Evelyn NtokoMase
Mandela's second wife, WinnieMadikizela-Mandela
Mandela was remarried, on his 80th birthday in 1998, to GracaMachel</li></li></ul><li>Retirement<br />After his retirement as President, Mandela went on to become an advocate for a variety of social and human rights organisations.<br />
Conclusion<br />I hope I have succeeded in acquainting you with Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.<br />Thank you. <br />