+ Social Cognitive Theory By: Lily Rappeport & Yessica Villanueva
+ Key People Associated with the Theory Albert Bandura: proposed social learning and made the theory Neal E. Miller and John Dollard: prosed earlier theories and books on behavior and learning
+ Key Points of the Theory This theory states that people learn by observing other people and how they act Bandura discovered that personality is an interaction between ones behavior, environment, and psychological processes The Four Necessary Conditions • Factors that raise or lower the 1. Attention amount of observation paid • Remembering what it was that you 2. Retention want to observe 3. Reproduction • Imitating the image 4. Motivation • A reason to imitate
+ BoBo Doll Experiment (1961) 36 males and 36 females ranging from the age of 3 to 6 years 3 groups each with 12 boys and 12 girls. First group: the control group, did not have an adult role model Second group: adult model who displayed aggressive behavior Third group: adult model who displayed passive behavior
+ BoBo Doll Experiment (1961) Group 1: children sat alone in a room for 10 minutes and interacted with different toys Group 2: the adult sat in the corner of the room with some toys that the children were not allowed to touch. After 2 minutes of playing with the toys, the adult would attack the BoBo doll both physically and verbally for 10 minutes. Group 3: the adult just sat and played with the toys quietly for 10 minutes.
+ Bobo Doll Experiment Conclusion: Bandura found that children who were exposed to the violent behavior of the adult models were more likely to be aggressive than those who were not. These children were significantly more violent with the BoBo doll than the children who had a passive adult model. This shows that children do indeed learn through imitation.
+ Classroom Implications- Teacher A teacher can model things that a student should be doing in a classroom Examples with technology When introducing students to a new website that has a complicated login process a teacher can use a projector to show the students how to do it Examples without technology Modeling how students should write a paper by showing an example of one that received a high grade from a past student When doing a science experiment a teacher can model the experiment to show students how the ending result should look
+ Classroom Implications- Student With technology: Students learn how to use smart boards and other interactive devices simply by watching their teachers use them. Students can also learn how to make PowerPoints, for example, just by watching their teacher perform the steps. Without tehnology: Students often imitate other students behaviors. For example, a student who is not as well liked may act out just because he sees that the popular kids do it and are accepted for it. Students can also imitate good behavior. If a student gets praised for doing exemplary work, other students may work harder or change their study habits to achieve the same praise.