Foldable #2 4 groups of organic compounds found in living things
(On the cover) <ul><li>Organic  Compounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Contains  Carbon ” </li></ul></ul>
(Inside the front cover)  Slide 1 of 4 <ul><li>“ Biomolecules ” = large organic compounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built by b...
(Inside the front cover)  Slide 2 of 4 <ul><li>Condensation </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrolysis </li></ul>H OH + + + + H 2 0 H 2 ...
<ul><li>ISOMER  = Compounds with the same chemical formula, but different 3D structure </li></ul>(Inside the front cover) ...
<ul><li>ISOMER  = Compounds with the same chemical formula, but different 3D structure </li></ul>Chemical formula C 6 H 12...
CARBOHYDRATES  (SLIDE 1 of 2) <ul><li>Made up of C, H, & O </li></ul><ul><li>Main source of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Used ...
CARBOHYDRATES  (SLIDE 2 of 3) <ul><li>SIMPLEST  = single sugar molecules = “ mono saccharide ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examp...
CARBOHYDRATES  (SLIDE 3 of 3) <ul><li>LARGEST  = “ poly saccharide ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: starch, fiber, cellulo...
Lipids   (Slide 1 of 3) <ul><li>Aka “fats” </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of mostly C & H </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: fats, oils, wax...
Lipids   (Slide 2 of 3) CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH ...
Lipids   (Slide 3 of 3) CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH   = CH 2 -CH 2 Polyunsaturated “ double bond” Exa...
Nucleic Acids  (slide 1 of 3) <ul><li>They contain C, H, O, N, P </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleic Acids = polymers (made up of nu...
Nucleic Acids  (slide 2 of 3) <ul><li>3 parts of a nucleotide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) 5 carbon sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Nucleic Acids  (slide 3 of 3) <ul><li>Store and transmit hereditary (genetic info) </li></ul><ul><li>2 types  </li></ul><u...
Proteins   (slide 1 of 3) <ul><li>Contain C, H, O, N and some S </li></ul><ul><li>Basic building block = Amino acid (AA) <...
Proteins   (slide 2 of 3) <ul><li>3 parts of an amino acid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) amino acid (-NH2) </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Protein   (slide 3 of 3) <ul><li>Each protein has a specific role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control rate of reaction </li></ul...
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Organic Compound Foldable Entries

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Organic Compound Foldable Entries

  1. 1. Foldable #2 4 groups of organic compounds found in living things
  2. 2. (On the cover) <ul><li>Organic Compounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Contains Carbon ” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. (Inside the front cover) Slide 1 of 4 <ul><li>“ Biomolecules ” = large organic compounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built by bonding small molecules together to form chains called “ polymers ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed by a chemical reaction called “ condensation ” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. (Inside the front cover) Slide 2 of 4 <ul><li>Condensation </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrolysis </li></ul>H OH + + + + H 2 0 H 2 0 H 2 0
  5. 5. <ul><li>ISOMER = Compounds with the same chemical formula, but different 3D structure </li></ul>(Inside the front cover) Slide 3 of 4 Chemical formula H 2 0 3D Structure H H O water is not an isomer!
  6. 6. <ul><li>ISOMER = Compounds with the same chemical formula, but different 3D structure </li></ul>Chemical formula C 6 H 12 0 6 = glucose C 6 H 12 0 6 = fructose 3D Structure O OH OH HO OH CH 2 OH O HOCH 2 OH OH OH CH 2 OH Slide 4 of 4
  7. 7. CARBOHYDRATES (SLIDE 1 of 2) <ul><li>Made up of C, H, & O </li></ul><ul><li>Main source of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Used for structural purposes in plants (cellulose) </li></ul>
  8. 8. CARBOHYDRATES (SLIDE 2 of 3) <ul><li>SIMPLEST = single sugar molecules = “ mono saccharide ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: glucose, fructose, galactose </li></ul></ul>glucose fructose Mono saccharide Mono saccharide + = Di saccharide + sucrose H 2 0
  9. 9. CARBOHYDRATES (SLIDE 3 of 3) <ul><li>LARGEST = “ poly saccharide ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: starch, fiber, cellulose, glycogen </li></ul></ul>Poly saccharide
  10. 10. Lipids (Slide 1 of 3) <ul><li>Aka “fats” </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of mostly C & H </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: fats, oils, waxes, steroids </li></ul><ul><li>Used to store energy (insulation, too) </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the cell membrane and waterproof covering </li></ul><ul><li>ALL are INSOLUBLE in water because they are NON POLAR </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lipids (Slide 2 of 3) CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 Long chain of CH is called “fatty acid chain” saturated fat Example: lard = maximum # of H + atoms CH 2 - O – CH 2 - O – CH 2 - O – CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 unsaturated “ double bond” Example: olive oil = at least 1 C = C (carbon-carbon double bond)
  12. 12. Lipids (Slide 3 of 3) CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH 2 -CH 2 Polyunsaturated “ double bond” Example: cooking oil = more than one C = C (carbon-carbon double bond) “ double bond” “ double bond”
  13. 13. Nucleic Acids (slide 1 of 3) <ul><li>They contain C, H, O, N, P </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleic Acids = polymers (made up of nucleotides) </li></ul>nucleotide nucleotide nucleotide N N N “Nucleic Acid” + + = monomer
  14. 14. Nucleic Acids (slide 2 of 3) <ul><li>3 parts of a nucleotide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) 5 carbon sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) Phosphate group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) Nitrogenous base </li></ul></ul>A B C
  15. 15. Nucleic Acids (slide 3 of 3) <ul><li>Store and transmit hereditary (genetic info) </li></ul><ul><li>2 types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DNA sugar = deoxyribose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RNA sugar = ribose </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Proteins (slide 1 of 3) <ul><li>Contain C, H, O, N and some S </li></ul><ul><li>Basic building block = Amino acid (AA) </li></ul>AA AA AA + + = AA AA AA Peptide bond &quot;protein&quot;
  17. 17. Proteins (slide 2 of 3) <ul><li>3 parts of an amino acid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) amino acid (-NH2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) carboxyl group (-COOH) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) R group (always different) </li></ul></ul>N – C – C OH O H H H R B A C
  18. 18. Protein (slide 3 of 3) <ul><li>Each protein has a specific role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control rate of reaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate cell processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form bones and muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport substances in/out of cell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example : “enzymes” = “proteins” that change rate of reaction, increase pH and temperature </li></ul>
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