Organic Compound Foldable Entries
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Organic Compound Foldable Entries

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Organic Compound Foldable Entries Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Foldable #2 4 groups of organic compounds found in living things
  • 2. (On the cover)
    • Organic Compounds
      • “ Contains Carbon ”
  • 3. (Inside the front cover) Slide 1 of 4
    • “ Biomolecules ” = large organic compounds
      • Built by bonding small molecules together to form chains called “ polymers ”
      • Formed by a chemical reaction called “ condensation ”
  • 4. (Inside the front cover) Slide 2 of 4
    • Condensation
    • Hydrolysis
    H OH + + + + H 2 0 H 2 0 H 2 0
  • 5.
    • ISOMER = Compounds with the same chemical formula, but different 3D structure
    (Inside the front cover) Slide 3 of 4 Chemical formula H 2 0 3D Structure H H O water is not an isomer!
  • 6.
    • ISOMER = Compounds with the same chemical formula, but different 3D structure
    Chemical formula C 6 H 12 0 6 = glucose C 6 H 12 0 6 = fructose 3D Structure O OH OH HO OH CH 2 OH O HOCH 2 OH OH OH CH 2 OH Slide 4 of 4
  • 7. CARBOHYDRATES (SLIDE 1 of 2)
    • Made up of C, H, & O
    • Main source of energy
    • Used for structural purposes in plants (cellulose)
  • 8. CARBOHYDRATES (SLIDE 2 of 3)
    • SIMPLEST = single sugar molecules = “ mono saccharide ”
      • Example: glucose, fructose, galactose
    glucose fructose Mono saccharide Mono saccharide + = Di saccharide + sucrose H 2 0
  • 9. CARBOHYDRATES (SLIDE 3 of 3)
    • LARGEST = “ poly saccharide ”
      • Example: starch, fiber, cellulose, glycogen
    Poly saccharide
  • 10. Lipids (Slide 1 of 3)
    • Aka “fats”
    • Made up of mostly C & H
    • Ex: fats, oils, waxes, steroids
    • Used to store energy (insulation, too)
    • Part of the cell membrane and waterproof covering
    • ALL are INSOLUBLE in water because they are NON POLAR
  • 11. Lipids (Slide 2 of 3) CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 Long chain of CH is called “fatty acid chain” saturated fat Example: lard = maximum # of H + atoms CH 2 - O – CH 2 - O – CH 2 - O – CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 unsaturated “ double bond” Example: olive oil = at least 1 C = C (carbon-carbon double bond)
  • 12. Lipids (Slide 3 of 3) CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH-CH 2 -CH 2 -CH = CH 2 -CH 2 Polyunsaturated “ double bond” Example: cooking oil = more than one C = C (carbon-carbon double bond) “ double bond” “ double bond”
  • 13. Nucleic Acids (slide 1 of 3)
    • They contain C, H, O, N, P
    • Nucleic Acids = polymers (made up of nucleotides)
    nucleotide nucleotide nucleotide N N N “Nucleic Acid” + + = monomer
  • 14. Nucleic Acids (slide 2 of 3)
    • 3 parts of a nucleotide
      • A) 5 carbon sugar
      • B) Phosphate group
      • C) Nitrogenous base
    A B C
  • 15. Nucleic Acids (slide 3 of 3)
    • Store and transmit hereditary (genetic info)
    • 2 types
      • DNA sugar = deoxyribose
      • RNA sugar = ribose
  • 16. Proteins (slide 1 of 3)
    • Contain C, H, O, N and some S
    • Basic building block = Amino acid (AA)
    AA AA AA + + = AA AA AA Peptide bond "protein"
  • 17. Proteins (slide 2 of 3)
    • 3 parts of an amino acid
      • A) amino acid (-NH2)
      • B) carboxyl group (-COOH)
      • C) R group (always different)
    N – C – C OH O H H H R B A C
  • 18. Protein (slide 3 of 3)
    • Each protein has a specific role
      • Control rate of reaction
      • Regulate cell processes
      • Form bones and muscles
      • Transport substances in/out of cell
    • Example : “enzymes” = “proteins” that change rate of reaction, increase pH and temperature