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  • 1. Spanish IV Final Study Guide
    By: Chelsea Esquivel
    Final Project for 21st Century Computer Skills
  • 2. Reason for study guide
    For my 21st century computer skills class final project, my class was told to make a study guide on something that will help other students study for their final. I chose to do my project on certain topics in Spanish IV that other students often have problems with.
  • 3. The Imperfect Subjunctive
  • 4. Main uses of the Imperfect Subjunctive
    For the imperfect subjunctive to be needed, the verb in the main clause has to be in one of the following tenses/moods: preterite, imperfect, conditional, or pluperfect.
    Make a very polite request or suggestion (only with the verbs deber, poder, and querer).
    In conditional sentences.
    Ex. If you were my type, I would go out with you.
    Si tú fueras mi tipo, yo saldría contigo.
  • 5. Forming the imperfect subjunctive
    3rd person plural of preterite
    Take off the ‘on’
    Replace with these endings:
                    a        amos             as               a        an
  • 6. Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive
    I wanted you to do it
    - Quería que lo hicieras.
    They doubt that he ever told the truth
    - Dudaron que él nunca dijiera la verdad
    I requested that he might talk louder
    - Yo pedí que el hablara en voz más alta
  • 7. Por y Para
  • 8. Reasons for using Por
    By
    Along
    By means/way of
    Per
    Pro
    Because of
    Passage of Time
    Sayings
    During
    Multiplication
  • 9. Reasons for using Para
    Intended recipient
    Deadline
    Destination
    In order (with infinitive)
    Purpose
    Opinion
  • 10. Examples of por y para
    Vamos por el lago.
    El regalo es para Ana.
    Por mucha tarea, no me duermo.
    Se usa tijeras para coratar.
    Dos por dos son cuatro.
    La tarea es para lunes.
    Son diez por un dólar.
    Voy para nueva york.
  • 11. Commands
  • 12. Forming Formal Commands
    Start with the yo form of the present indicative.
    Then drop the -o ending.
    Finally, add the following endings:
    -ar verbs:-e (for Ud.), -en (for Uds.)
    -er and -ir verbs:-a (for Ud.), -an (for Uds.)
  • 13. Examples of the Formal Command
    • Haga la tarea.
    Do the homework.
    • Compren los libros.
    Buy the books.
    • Hagan el trabajo.
    Do the work.
    • Tengan un buen viaje.
    Have a good trip.
  • 14. Irregular Formal Commands
    dardé den
    estaresté estén
    irvaya vayan
    sersea sean
    sabersepa sepan
  • 15. Forming Informal Commands
    take the infinitive verb
    drop the corresponding -ar, -er, or -ir ending
    then add the corresponding present tense ending for él/ella
  • 16. Examples of the Informal Command
    • Compra el anillo.Buy the ring.
    • 17. Escribe la tarea.Do the homework.
    • 18. Compra los libros.Buy the books.
    • 19. Come la cena.Eat the dinner.
  • Irregular Informal Commands
    SalirSal en sequida. Leave immediately. 
    TenerTen cuidado. Be careful.
    Hacer   Hazlo mañana. Do it tomorrow.
    SerSé bueno. Be good.
    VenirVen acá. Come here.
    Decir    Dime la verdad.    Tell me the truth.
    IrVete. Scram. (Leave.)
    PonerPonlo aquí. Put it here. 
  • 20. Resources
    http://www.elearnspanishlanguage.com/grammar/verbs/imperfectsubjunctive.html
    http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/formcomm.htm
    http://www.outerspanish.com/learn-spanish-informal-commands.htm
    http://www.accucut.com/stores/5//images%5Cstoreimages/Dies/std_diesets/ds177.gif
    http://www.musicalspanish.com/tutorial/newsletters/conditional.gif