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Spanish IV Final Study Guide By: Chelsea Esquivel Final Project for 21st Century Computer Skills
Reason for study guide For my 21st century computer skills class final project, my class was told to make a study guide on something that will help other students study for their final. I chose to do my project on certain topics in Spanish IV that other students often have problems with.
Main uses of the Imperfect Subjunctive For the imperfect subjunctive to be needed, the verb in the main clause has to be in one of the following tenses/moods: preterite, imperfect, conditional, or pluperfect. Make a very polite request or suggestion (only with the verbs deber, poder, and querer). In conditional sentences. Ex. If you were my type, I would go out with you. Si tú fueras mi tipo, yo saldría contigo.
Forming the imperfect subjunctive 3rd person plural of preterite Take off the ‘on’ Replace with these endings: a amos as a an
Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive I wanted you to do it - Quería que lo hicieras. They doubt that he ever told the truth - Dudaron que él nunca dijiera la verdad I requested that he might talk louder - Yo pedí que el hablara en voz más alta
Reasons for using Por By Along By means/way of Per Pro Because of Passage of Time Sayings During Multiplication
Reasons for using Para Intended recipient Deadline Destination In order (with infinitive) Purpose Opinion
Examples of por y para Vamos por el lago. El regalo es para Ana. Por mucha tarea, no me duermo. Se usa tijeras para coratar. Dos por dos son cuatro. La tarea es para lunes. Son diez por un dólar. Voy para nueva york.
Forming Formal Commands Start with the yo form of the present indicative. Then drop the -o ending. Finally, add the following endings: -ar verbs:-e (for Ud.), -en (for Uds.) -er and -ir verbs:-a (for Ud.), -an (for Uds.)
Irregular Informal Commands SalirSal en sequida. Leave immediately. TenerTen cuidado. Be careful. Hacer Hazlo mañana. Do it tomorrow. SerSé bueno. Be good. VenirVen acá. Come here. Decir Dime la verdad. Tell me the truth. IrVete. Scram. (Leave.) PonerPonlo aquí. Put it here.