Apa style basics fa10 sept
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  • 1. APA Style Basics IDS 1001
  • 2. Documentation Style A “documentation style” refers to the way researchers and writers illustrate that information from sources used to support their assertions has been borrowed.
  • 3. Plagiarism The failure to properly acknowledge a borrowed source in an essay is a serious academic crime and could be deemed plagiarism. The word comes from the Latin word plagiarius, meaning “kidnapping” or “literary thief.”
  • 4. APA Style To maintain coherence throughout the curriculum, Hodges University has adopted APA style as the standard method used to document sources in essay writing. APA is used by many colleges and universities.
  • 5. What is APA style?It is a social sciencespublished style guide thatadvises researchers andwriters on how to incorporate,document, and format papers.
  • 6. APA Quick GuideSee the Library main webpage to access an APAguide that contains samplepages and basic rules forusing APA Style.
  • 7. APA Style in the essay Your essays should contain reliable and valid sources The essays should be formatted properly They should follow APA rules for mechanics and expression (grammar) They must have proper in-text citations They must have a reference page with proper source citations
  • 8. Reliable and Valid Sources  A reliable source is one that is generally current and written by an expert in the subject area.  A valid source is one that specifically addresses your chosen topic and can be used to support your assertions.  These sources would include books, periodicals (magazines, professional journals, newspapers), and respected organization web sites.
  • 9. Formatting Title page w/text double-spaced, centered, approx. 4” from top with title, student name, and organization (Hodges University). Approximately 4” from the bottom of the title page, include the class name & number, instructor name, and date. 12 pt. Times New Roman font Double-spacing with no right justification Margins of 1” all around (unless bound; if bound, use 1½” on left margin) No more than 27 lines / page
  • 10. Formatting (cont.) Header w/page numbers in upper right corner (title page counts as page 1) Indent each paragraph 5-7 spaces or one tab stroke Tables and content footnotes appear after references Reference page at end listing only sources used in the text as support Abstract comes after title page, if instructor requires See examples in the APA Publication Manual and the Hodges APA Guide.
  • 11. Mechanics and Expressions  Active voice over passive voice  No use of contractions (i.e. can‟t)  Key words in titles are capitalized and italicized in text, but capitalize only first word in reference list title and only italicize primary titles  Generally, all numbers 10 and above are expressed in figures, as are numbers used in measurements, dates, time, exact money sums, percentages, etc.
  • 12. In-Text Citations Writers use sources to build credibility in argumentation and as support for a claim. You have three options for using sources in text:  Direct quoting  Paraphrasing  Summarizing All must be documented
  • 13. In-Text Citations (cont.) Three elements are necessary for in-text documentation:  author’s last name (or in lieu of that, group title, like National Institute of Health, or if no author, a part of the title--“College Guide”)  year of publication  page or paragraph # This is true also for electronic sources
  • 14. Examples According to one study, academic performance is enhanced by efficient use of study time (Doe, 2005, p. 25). *Note: as a variation, date and author name can be placed in other pertinent areas in the sentence. According to one study by Dr. Jane Doe (2005), academic performance is enhanced by efficient use of study time (p. 25).
  • 15. In-Text Citations (cont.) When quoting information over forty words, block it off—double spaced text indented 5 spaces. *Note: in this case, the parenthetical citation goes after the quote, but outside the period. Blend sources into your sentence structure. That is, a source must be properly introduced:
  • 16. Examples  Jane Doe claims that “students do well in a rigorous academic environment” (2005, p. 25). *Note: only use quotation marks when the author‟s words and ideas are borrowed.Paraphrase or summarize in other cases:  In one study by Jane Doe (2005), students functioned well in an environment with high academic expectations (p. 25).
  • 17. In-Text Citations (cont.) Use traditionally respected sources, whether in hardcopy or electronic form, including books, periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers) and respected organization web sites (U.S. Census Bureau, for example).
  • 18. References Page Center and title reference page as References Alphabetize and double space entries Each line after the first of an entry should be indented one tab stroke (five spaces) Key elements to include in a citation: author, date of publication, specific title, source title, volume and page numbers (if applicable) If an electronic source, include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if available. If not available, put the URL of where you retrieved the source (“Retrieved from www.ti.com/)
  • 19. Examples BookDoe, J. (2005). Students in school. New York: Academic Press. Magazine or JournalDoe, J. (2005). School study habits among students. Journal of Academic Life, 10(2), 10-20.
  • 20. Examples Newspaper ArticleDoe, J. (2005, March 2). Student study habits. Naples Daily News, p. A5. Article from an Online DatabaseDoe, J. (2005, January). Students who study succeed in school. Psychology Today, 125. doi: 543.1324 497256548746
  • 21. Examples  Government Agency or Group Author U. S. Study Bureau. (2005). Research in student study habits (Report #142-5). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. Electronic Source from Web Doe, J. (2005). Students who study. Retrieved from http://studentstudy/research.com
  • 22. Examples Audiovisual Source (movie, music CD, information CD, TV program)King, L. (Host). (2005, March 2). Larry King live. New York: CNN.Zemeckis, R. (Director). (1991). Forrest Gump [Film]. Hollywood, CA: Paramount.Bono. (Lyricist). (2000). Walk on. On All that you can’t leave behind [CD]. New York: Interscope.
  • 23. For more information about APA See the many helps available through the AAS and Library websites. See the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Make a one-on-one appointment with an AAS tutor Ask your instructor
  • 24. For more information about APAYou can also view some short video tutorials (right click on URL, click „open hyperlink‟):  Citing Articles with APA http://www.screencast.com/t/YTczMjQ5  Citing Books and E-books http://www.screencast.com/t/MDUyNmU3  Citing Websites http://www.screencast.com/t/MTUyMDcyNmYt  Citing Tables and Figures http://www.screencast.com/t/ZDIzOTZmZjQ