Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Tbi cognitive (2)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Tbi cognitive (2)

206
views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
206
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. &RSULJKW ‹  0RGHO 6VWHPV .QRZOHGJH 7UDQVODWLRQ 6VWHP 06.7&
  • 2.  :KDW LV FRJQLWLRQ" &RJQLWLRQ LV WKH DFW RI NQRZLQJ RU WKLQNLQJ ,W LQFOXGHV WKH DELOLW WR FKRRVH XQGHUVWDQG UHPHPEHU DQG XVH LQIRUPDWLRQ &RJQLWLRQ LQFOXGHV ƒ $WWHQWLRQ DQG FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ƒ 3URFHVVLQJ DQG XQGHUVWDQGLQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ ƒ 0HPRU ƒ &RPPXQLFDWLRQ ƒ 3ODQQLQJ RUJDQL]LQJ DQG DVVHPEOLQJ ƒ 5HDVRQLQJ SUREOHPVROYLQJ GHFLVLRQPDNLQJ DQG MXGJPHQW ƒ &RQWUROOLQJ LPSXOVHV DQG GHVLUHV DQG EHLQJ SDWLHQW +RZ GRHV7%, DIIHFW FRJQLWLRQ DQG ZKDW FDQ EH GRQH DERXW LW" $IWHU D 7%, LW LV FRPPRQ IRU SHRSOH WR KDYH SUREOHPV ZLWK DWWHQWLRQ FRQ FHQWUDWLRQ VSHHFK DQG ODQJXDJH OHDUQLQJ DQG PHPRU UHDVRQLQJ SODQQLQJ DQG SUREOHPVROYLQJ $WWHQWLRQ DQG FRQFHQWUDWLRQ SUREOHPV $ SHUVRQ ZLWK 7%, PD EH XQDEOH WR IRFXV SD DWWHQWLRQ RU DWWHQG WR PRUH WKDQ RQH WKLQJ DW D WLPH7KLV PD UHVXOW LQ ƒ 5HVWOHVVQHVV DQG EHLQJ HDVLO GLVWUDFWHG ƒ 'LIÀFXOW ÀQLVKLQJ D SURMHFW RU ZRUNLQJ RQ PRUH WKDQ RQH WDVN DW D WLPH ƒ 3UREOHPV FDUULQJ RQ ORQJ FRQYHUVDWLRQV RU VLWWLQJ VWLOO IRU ORQJ SHULRGV RI WLPH 6LQFH DWWHQWLRQ VNLOOV DUH FRQVLGHUHG D ´EXLOGLQJ EORFNµ RI KLJKHU OHYHO VNLOOV VXFK DV PHPRU DQG UHDVRQLQJ
  • 3.  SHRSOH ZLWK DWWHQWLRQ RU FRQFHQWUDWLRQ SUREOHPV RIWHQ VKRZ VLJQV RI RWKHU FRJQLWLYH SUREOHPV DV ZHOO :KDW FDQ EH GRQH WR LPSURYH DWWHQWLRQ DQG FRQFHQWUDWLRQ" ƒ 'HFUHDVH WKH GLVWUDFWLRQV )RU H[DPSOH ZRUN LQ D TXLHW URRP ƒ )RFXV RQ RQH WDVN DW D WLPH ƒ %HJLQ SUDFWLFLQJ DWWHQWLRQ VNLOOV RQ VLPSOH HW SUDFWLFDO DFWLYLWLHV VXFK DV UHDGLQJ D SDUDJUDSK RU DGGLQJ QXPEHUV
  • 4. LQ D TXLHW URRP *UDGXDOO PDNH WKH WDVNV KDUGHU UHDG D VKRUW VWRU RU EDODQFH D FKHFNERRN
  • 5. RU ZRUN LQ D PRUH QRLV HQYLURQPHQW ƒ 7DNH EUHDNV ZKHQ RX JHW WLUHG &RJQLWLYH 3UREOHPV $IWHU 7UDXPDWLF %UDLQ ,QMXU 7UDXPDWLF%UDLQ,QMXU0RGHO6VWHPV&RQVXPHU,QIRUPDWLRQ 7KLV SXEOLFDWLRQ ZDV SURGXFHG E WKH 7%, 0RGHO 6VWHPV LQ FROODERUDWLRQ ZLWK WKH 0RGHO 6VWHPV .QRZOHGJH 7UDQVODWLRQ &HQWHU KWWSPVNWF ZDVKLQJWRQHGX
  • 6. ZLWK IXQGLQJ IURP WKH 1DWLRQDO ,QVWLWXWH RQ 'LVDELOLW DQG 5HKDELOLWDWLRQ 5HVHDUFK LQ WKH 86 'HSDUWPHQW RI (GXFDWLRQ JUDQW QR +$ The Rocky Mountain Regional Brain Injury System Craig Hospital 3425 South Clarkson Street Englewood, CO 80113 303-789-8344 http://www.craighospital.org/ Research/Abstracts/TBIMS.a sp
  • 7. &RJQLWLYH 3UREOHPV $IWHU 7UDXPDWLF %UDLQ ,QMXU 7UDXPDWLF%UDLQ,QMXU0RGHO6VWHP&RQVXPHU,QIRUPDWLRQ 3UREOHPV ZLWK SURFHVVLQJ DQG XQGHUVWDQGLQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ $IWHU EUDLQ LQMXU D SHUVRQ·V DELOLW WR SURFHVV DQG XQGHUVWDQG LQIRUPDWLRQ RIWHQ VORZV GRZQ UHVXOWLQJ LQ WKH IROORZLQJ SUREOHPV ƒ 7DNLQJ ORQJHU WR JUDVS ZKDW RWKHUV DUH VDLQJ ƒ 7DNLQJ PRUH WLPH WR XQGHUVWDQG DQG IROORZ GLUHFWLRQV ƒ +DYLQJ WURXEOH IROORZLQJ WHOHYLVLRQ VKRZV PRYLHV HWF ƒ 7DNLQJ ORQJHU WR UHDG DQG XQGHUVWDQG ZULWWHQ LQIRUPDWLRQ LQFOXGLQJ ERRNV QHZVSDSHUV RU PDJD]LQHV ƒ %HLQJ VORZHU WR UHDFW7KLV LV HVSHFLDOO LPSRU WDQW IRU GULYLQJ ZKLFK PD EHFRPH XQVDIH LI WKH SHUVRQ FDQQRW UHDFW IDVW HQRXJK WR VWRS VLJQV WUDIÀF OLJKWV RU RWKHU ZDUQLQJ VLJQV ,QGLYLGXDOV ZLWK 7%, VKRXOG QRW GULYH XQWLO WKHLU YLVXDO VNLOOV DQG UHDFWLRQ WLPH KDYH EHHQ WHVWHG E D VSHFLDOLVW ƒ %HLQJ VORZHU WR FDUU RXW SKVLFDO WDVNV LQ FOXGLQJ URXWLQH DFWLYLWLHV OLNH JHWWLQJ GUHVVHG RU FRRNLQJ :KDW FDQ EH GRQH WR LPSURYH WKH DELOLW WR SURFHVV DQG XQGHUVWDQG LQIRUPDWLRQ" ƒ 3ODFH RXU IXOO DWWHQWLRQ RQ ZKDW RX DUH WU LQJ WR XQGHUVWDQG 'HFUHDVH GLVWUDFWLRQV ƒ $OORZ PRUH WLPH WR WKLQN DERXW WKH LQIRUPD WLRQ EHIRUH PRYLQJ RQ ƒ 5HUHDG LQIRUPDWLRQ DV QHHGHG7DNH QRWHV DQG VXPPDUL]H LQ RXU RZQ ZRUGV ƒ ,I QHHGHG DVN SHRSOH WR UHSHDW WKHPVHOYHV WR VD VRPHWKLQJ LQ D GLIIHUHQW ZD RU WR VSHDN VORZHU 5HSHDW ZKDW RX MXVW KHDUG WR PDNH VXUH RX XQGHUVWRRG LW FRUUHFWO /DQJXDJH DQG FRPPXQLFDWLRQ SUREOHPV &RPPXQLFDWLRQ SUREOHPV FDQ FDXVH SHUVRQV ZLWK 7%, WR KDYH GLIÀFXOW XQGHUVWDQGLQJ DQG H[SUHVVLQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ LQ VRPH RI WKH IROORZLQJ ZDV ƒ 'LIÀFXOW WKLQNLQJ RI WKH ULJKW ZRUG ƒ 7URXEOH VWDUWLQJ RU IROORZLQJ FRQYHUVDWLRQV RU XQGHUVWDQGLQJ ZKDW RWKHUV VD ƒ 5DPEOLQJ RU JHWWLQJ RII WRSLF HDVLO ƒ 'LIÀFXOW ZLWK PRUH FRPSOH[ ODQJXDJH VNLOOV VXFK DV H[SUHVVLQJ WKRXJKWV LQ DQ RUJDQL]HG PDQQHU ƒ 7URXEOH FRPPXQLFDWLQJ WKRXJKWV DQG IHHOLQJV XVLQJ IDFLDO H[SUHVVLRQV WRQH RI YRLFH DQG ERG ODQJXDJH QRQYHUEDO FRPPXQLFDWLRQ
  • 8.  ƒ +DYLQJ SUREOHPV UHDGLQJ RWKHUV· HPRWLRQV DQG QRW UHVSRQGLQJ DSSURSULDWHO WR DQRWKHU SHUVRQ·V IHHOLQJV RU WR WKH VRFLDO VLWXDWLRQ ƒ 0LVXQGHUVWDQGLQJ MRNHV RU VDUFDVP :KDW FDQ EH GRQH WR LPSURYH ODQJXDJH DQG FRPPXQLFDWLRQ" :RUN ZLWK D VSHHFK WKHUDSLVW WR LGHQWLI DUHDV WKDW QHHG ZRUN &RPPXQLFDWLRQ SUREOHPV FDQ NHHS LPSURYLQJ IRU D ORQJ WLPH DIWHU WKH LQMXU +RZ IDPLO PHPEHUV FDQ KHOS ƒ 8VH NLQG ZRUGV DQG D JHQWOH WRQH RI YRLFH %H FDUHIXO QRW WR ´WDON GRZQµ WR WKH SHUVRQ ƒ :KHQ WDONLQJ ZLWK WKH LQMXUHG SHUVRQ DVN HY HU VR RIWHQ LI KH RU VKH XQGHUVWDQGV ZKDW RX DUH VDLQJ RU DVN WKH SHUVRQ D TXHVWLRQ WR GHWHUPLQH LI KH RU VKH XQGHUVWRRG ZKDW RX VDLG ƒ 'R QRW VSHDN WRR IDVW RU VD WRR PXFK DW RQFH ƒ 'HYHORS D VLJQDO OLNH UDLVLQJ D ÀQJHU
  • 9. WKDW ZLOO OHW WKH LQMXUHG SHUVRQ NQRZ ZKHQ KH RU VKH KDV JRWWHQ RII WRSLF 3UDFWLFH WKLV DKHDG RI WLPH ,I VLJQDOV GRQ·W ZRUN WU VDLQJ ´:H ZHUH WDONLQJ DERXW«µ ƒ /LPLW FRQYHUVDWLRQV WR RQH SHUVRQ DW D WLPH 3UREOHPV OHDUQLQJ DQG UHPHPEHULQJ QHZ LQIRUPDWLRQ ƒ 3HUVRQV ZLWK 7%, PD KDYH WURXEOH OHDUQLQJ DQG UHPHPEHULQJ QHZ LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG HYHQWV ƒ 7KH PD KDYH GLIÀFXOW UHPHPEHULQJ HYHQWV WKDW KDSSHQHG VHYHUDO ZHHNV RU PRQWKV EH IRUH WKH LQMXU DOWKRXJK WKLV RIWHQ FRPHV EDFN RYHU WLPH
  • 10.  3HUVRQV ZLWK 7%, DUH XVXDOO DEOH WR UHPHPEHU HYHQWV WKDW KDSSHQHG ORQJ DJR 3DJH  RI 
  • 11. &RJQLWLYH 3UREOHPV $IWHU 7UDXPDWLF %UDLQ ,QMXU 7UDXPDWLF%UDLQ,QMXU0RGHO6VWHP&RQVXPHU,QIRUPDWLRQ ƒ 7KH PD KDYH SUREOHPV UHPHPEHULQJ HQWLUH HYHQWV RU FRQYHUVDWLRQV 7KHUHIRUH WKH PLQG WULHV WR ´ÀOO LQ WKH JDSVµ RI PLVVLQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG UHFDOOV WKLQJV WKDW GLG QRW DFWXDOO KDSSHQ 6RPHWLPHV ELWV DQG SLHFHV IURP VHYHUDO VLWX DWLRQV DUH UHPHPEHUHG DV RQH HYHQW7KHVH IDOVH PHPRULHV DUH QRW OLHV :KDW FDQ EH GRQH WR LPSURYH PHPRU SUREOHPV" ƒ 3XW WRJHWKHU D VWUXFWXUHG URXWLQH RI GDLO WDVNV DQG DFWLYLWLHV ƒ %H RUJDQL]HG DQG KDYH D VHW ORFDWLRQ IRU NHHS LQJ WKLQJV ƒ /HDUQ WR XVH PHPRU DLGV VXFK DV PHPRU QRWHERRNV FDOHQGDUV GDLO VFKHGXOHV GDLO WDVN OLVWV FRPSXWHU UHPLQGHU SURJUDPV DQG FXH FDUGV ƒ 'HYRWH WLPH DQG DWWHQWLRQ WR UHYLHZ DQG SUDFWLFH QHZ LQIRUPDWLRQ RIWHQ ƒ %H ZHOO UHVWHG DQG WU WR UHGXFH DQ[LHW DV PXFK DV SRVVLEOH ƒ 6SHDN ZLWK RXU GRFWRU DERXW KRZ PHGLFDWLRQV PD DIIHFW RXU PHPRU 3ODQQLQJ DQG 2UJDQL]DWLRQ 3UREOHPV ƒ 3HUVRQV ZLWK 7%, PD KDYH GLIÀFXOW SODQQLQJ WKHLU GD DQG VFKHGXOLQJ DSSRLQWPHQWV ƒ 7KH PD KDYH WURXEOH ZLWK WDVNV WKDW UHTXLUH PXOWLSOH VWHSV GRQH LQ D SDUWLFXODU RUGHU VXFK DV ODXQGU RU FRRNLQJ :KDW FDQ EH GRQH WR LPSURYH SODQQLQJ DQG RUJDQL]DWLRQ" ƒ 0DNH D OLVW RI WKLQJV WKDW QHHG WR EH GRQH DQG ZKHQ /LVW WKHP LQ RUGHU RI ZKDW VKRXOG EH GRQH ÀUVW ƒ %UHDN GRZQ DFWLYLWLHV LQWR VPDOOHU VWHSV ƒ :KHQ ÀJXULQJ RXW ZKDW VWHSV RX QHHG WR GR ÀUVW WR FRPSOHWH DQ DFWLYLW WKLQN RI WKH HQG JRDO DQG ZRUN EDFNZDUGV 3UREOHPV ZLWK UHDVRQLQJ SUREOHP VROYLQJ DQG MXGJPHQW ƒ ,QGLYLGXDOV ZLWK 7%, PD KDYH GLIÀFXOW UHFRJ QL]LQJ ZKHQ WKHUH LV D SUREOHP ZKLFK LV WKH ÀUVW VWHS LQ SUREOHPVROYLQJ ƒ 7KH PD KDYH WURXEOH DQDO]LQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ RU FKDQJLQJ WKH ZD WKH DUH WKLQNLQJ EHLQJ ÁH[LEOH
  • 12.  ƒ :KHQ VROYLQJ SUREOHPV WKH PD KDYH GLI ÀFXOW GHFLGLQJ WKH EHVW VROXWLRQ RU JHW VWXFN RQ RQH VROXWLRQ DQG QRW FRQVLGHU RWKHU EHWWHU RSWLRQV ƒ 7KH PD PDNH TXLFN GHFLVLRQV ZLWKRXW WKLQN LQJ DERXW WKH FRQVHTXHQFHV RU QRW XVH WKH EHVW MXGJPHQW :KDW FDQ EH GRQH WR LPSURYH UHDVRQLQJ DQG SUREOHPVROYLQJ" ƒ $ VSHHFK WKHUDSLVW RU SVFKRORJLVW H[SHUL HQFHG LQ FRJQLWLYH UHKDELOLWDWLRQ FDQ WHDFK DQ RUJDQL]HG DSSURDFK IRU GDLO SUREOHPVROYLQJ ƒ :RUN WKURXJK D VWHSEVWHS SUREOHPVROYLQJ VWUDWHJ LQ ZULWLQJ GHÀQH WKH SUREOHP EUDLQ VWRUP SRVVLEOH VROXWLRQV OLVW WKH SURV DQG FRQV RI HDFK VROXWLRQ SLFN D VROXWLRQ WR WU HYDOX DWH WKH VXFFHVV RI WKH VROXWLRQ DQG WU DQRWK HU VROXWLRQ LI WKH ÀUVW RQH GRHVQ·W ZRUN ,QDSSURSULDWH HPEDUUDVVLQJ RU LPSXOVLYH EHKDYLRU ,QGLYLGXDOV ZLWK EUDLQ LQMXULHV PD ODFN VHOIFRQ WURO DQG VHOIDZDUHQHVV DQG DV D UHVXOW WKH PD EHKDYH LQDSSURSULDWHO RU LPSXOVLYHO ZLWKRXW WKLQNLQJ LW WKURXJK
  • 13. LQ VRFLDO VLWXDWLRQV ƒ 7KH PD GHQ WKH KDYH FRJQLWLYH SUREOHPV HYHQ LI WKHVH DUH REYLRXV WR RWKHUV ƒ 7KH PD VD KXUWIXO RU LQVHQVLWLYH WKLQJV DFW RXW RI SODFH RU EHKDYH LQ LQFRQVLGHUDWH ZDV ƒ 7KH PD ODFN DZDUHQHVV RI VRFLDO ERXQGDULHV DQG RWKHUV· IHHOLQJV VXFK DV EHLQJ WRR SHUVRQDO ZLWK SHRSOH WKH GRQ·W NQRZ ZHOO RU QRW UHDOL]LQJ ZKHQ WKH KDYH PDGH VRPHRQH XQFRPIRUWDEOH 3DJH  RI 
  • 14. &RJQLWLYH 3UREOHPV $IWHU 7UDXPDWLF %UDLQ ,QMXU 7UDXPDWLF%UDLQ,QMXU0RGHO6VWHP&RQVXPHU,QIRUPDWLRQ 3DJH  RI  :KDW FDXVHV LW" ƒ ,PSXOVLYH DQG VRFLDOO LQDSSURSULDWH EHKDYLRU UHVXOWV IURP GHFUHDVHG UHDVRQLQJ DELOLWLHV DQG ODFN RI FRQWURO7KH LQMXUHG SHUVRQ PD QRW UHDVRQ WKDW ´,I , VD RU GR WKLV VRPHWKLQJ EDG LV JRLQJ WR KDSSHQµ ƒ 6HOIDZDUHQHVV UHTXLUHV FRPSOH[ WKLQNLQJ VNLOOV WKDW DUH RIWHQ ZHDNHQHG DIWHU EUDLQ LQMXU :KDW FDQ EH GRQH DERXW LW" 7KLQJV IDPLO PHPEHUV FDQ GR ƒ 7KLQN DKHDG DERXW VLWXDWLRQV WKDW PLJKW EULQJ DERXW SRRU MXGJPHQW ƒ *LYH UHDOLVWLF VXSSRUWLYH IHHGEDFN DV RX REVHUYH LQDSSURSULDWH EHKDYLRU ƒ 3URYLGH FOHDU H[SHFWDWLRQV IRU GHVLUDEOH EHKDYLRU EHIRUH HYHQWV ƒ 3ODQ DQG UHKHDUVH VRFLDO LQWHUDFWLRQV VR WKH ZLOO EH SUHGLFWDEOH DQG FRQVLVWHQW ƒ (VWDEOLVK YHUEDO DQG QRQYHUEDO FXHV WR VLJQDO WKH SHUVRQ WR ´VWRS DQG WKLQNµ )RU H[DPSOH RX FRXOG KROG XS RXU KDQG WR VLJQDO ´VWRSµ VKDNH RXU KHDG ´QRµ RU VD D VSHFLDO ZRUG RX KDYH ERWK DJUHHG RQ 3UDFWLFH WKLV DKHDG RI WLPH ƒ ,I XQGHVLUHG EHKDYLRU RFFXUV VWRS ZKDWHYHU DFWLYLW RX DUH GRLQJ )RU H[DPSOH LI RX DUH DW WKH PDOO UHWXUQ KRPH LPPHGLDWHO &RJQLWLYH RXWFRPHUHFRYHU DQG UHKDELOLWDWLRQ &RJQLWLRQ LV XVXDOO HYDOXDWHG E D QHXUR SVFKRORJLVW 6LQFH WKHUH DUH PDQ IDFWRUV WKDW FDQ DIIHFW KRZ VRPHRQH ZLOO LPSURYH FRJQLWLYHO LW LV YHU GLIÀFXOW WR SUHGLFW KRZ PXFK VRPHRQH ZLOO UHFRYHU:LWK SUDFWLFH FRJQLWLYH SUREOHPV XVXDOO LPSURYH WR VRPH GHJUHH &RJQLWLYH UHKDELOLWDWLRQ LV WKHUDS WR LPSURYH FRJQLWLYH VNLOOV DQG KDV WZR PDLQ DSSURDFKHV UHPHGLDWLRQ DQG FRPSHQVDWLRQ ƒ 5HPHGLDWLRQ IRFXVHV RQ LPSURYLQJ VNLOOV WKDW KDYH EHHQ ORVW RU LPSDLUHG ƒ &RPSHQVDWLRQ KHOSV RX OHDUQ WR XVH GLIIHUHQW ZDV WR DFKLHYH D JRDO 'LVFXVV RXU FRQFHUQV ZLWK RXU SKVLFLDQ RU WUHDWPHQW SURYLGHU <RX VKRXOG GLVFXVV DQ TXHVWLRQV RU FRQFHUQV RX KDYH ZLWK D SKVLDWULVW UHKDELOLWDWLRQ VSHFLDO LVW
  • 15. RU WKH UHKDELOLWDWLRQ WHDP ,W LV LPSRUWDQW WR PHQWLRQ QHZ SUREOHPV DV WKH GHYHORS 1HZ SUREOHPV FRXOG EH WKH UHVXOW RI PHGLFDWLRQ RU UHTXLUH IXUWKHU HYDOXDWLRQ 5HFRPPHQGHG UHDGLQJ ƒ 0DQDJLQJ &RJQLWLYH ,VVXHV LQ 0DNLQJ /LIH:RUN DIWHU +HDG ,QMXU 6RXWK &DUROLQD 'HSDUWPHQW RI 'LVDELOLWLHV DQG 6SHFLDO 1HHGV ZZZVWDWHVFXVGGVQSXEVKHDGLVVXHVKWP ƒ *XLGHSRVWV WR 5HFRJQLWLRQ &RJQLWLRQ 0HPR U DQG %UDLQ ,QMXU LQ 7KH 5RDG WR 5HKDELOLWDWLRQ %UDLQ ,QMXU $VVRFLDWLRQ RI $PHULFD ZZZELDXVDRUJSXEOLFDWLRQVURDG7R5HKDESGI ƒ &RJQLWLYH DQG &RPPXQLFDWLRQ 'LVRUGHUV LQ 7%, 5HVRXUFH *XLGH &HQWUH IRU 1HXUR 6NLOOV ZZZQHXURVNLOOVFRPFRJFRPPVKWPO ƒ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
  • 16.