E-participation and iCitizens Jakob Svensson Karlstad University Sweden www.facebook.com/jakob.svensson www.twitter.com/lilltrasan www.slideshare.net/lilltrasan www.twitter.com/Centre4HumanIT www.kau.se/en/humanit
In Media and Communication Studies we connect changes in communication patterns to societal and cultural changes at large.
Today almost everyone agrees that the rise of digital communication and Internet has been remarkable. Many scholars connect these transformations of communication patterns to us entering into a new kind of society with the possibility to communicate many to many in digital networks.
In digital late modernity, when more and more people socialze, organize, contribute, inform and publish their concerns and themselves online,the rational(s) for political participation and enacting citizenship(s), shifts.
Digital Late Modernity
(Late modernity, liquid modernity, second modernity, high modernity, reflexive modernity)
dispersion of cultural frameworks due to pluralization and fragmentation along lines of ethnicity, media consumption, cultural interests, life styles, tastes et cetera
Individualization - lacking sense of social belonging and a growing sense of personal autonomy (Dahlgren, 2006)
Networked and digital - Dialectic relationship between societal and technological/ media changes (Castells, 2001)
dialectics between the individual and the collective/ society/ culture Sub-politics (Beck, 1998) / Life- politics (Giddens, 1991)
Rationality as an instrument for reaching pre-defined purposes, particitipation as an instrument for self-centered purposes, E-administration
Problems: Free riders - costs higher than benefits, rational apathy
- Communicative Rationality
Rationality to overcome our inherent subjectivity, strive for enlightenment, particitipation as a way to talk to each other, form opinions and agree on courses of action, E-participation
Problems: utopic/ normative, essentialist,
Civic disinterest becomes difficult to explain from from a CR perspective
Late modern civic engagement is difficult to explain from a IR perspective