Posmodernism presentation

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key concepts of postmodernist literature

key concepts of postmodernist literature

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  • 1. Posmodernism What is at stake in this term?
  • 2. Postmodernism and Postmodernity
    • Posmodernism refers to a form of contemporary culture.
    • It is a style of culture, easthetic approach which reflects something of this epochal change of postmodernity.
    • Postmodernity alludes to a specific historical period.
    • A style of thought suspicious of classical notions of truth, reason, identity, of objectivity and grand narratives.
  • 3. Postmodernism in literature
    • For some, it continues with and exagerates some features of Modernism .
    • For others, it is a reaction to Modernism .
    • Multiple-perspectivism, fragmentation are very common.
    • It questions social values, general beliefs and stereotypes.
    • It is suspicious of objectivity, historicity, and chronology.
    • A reaction against cannonical literature (grand narratives)
    • Influenced by other disciples like poststructuralism , deconstruction , surrealism , pop art , and punk culture .
    Post-struct Modernism Deconstruct Surrealism Pop Art Punk
  • 4. Modernism
    • The movement in literature that refers to a radical shift in aesthetic and cultural sensibilities evident in the art and literature of the Post-World War One period.
    • It marks a break with Victorian bourgeois morality.
    • Associated with the works of James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, W.B. Yeats, Ezra Pound, Franz Kafka and others.
    • Radical disruption with the linear flow of narrative.
    • Interest in language and its processes.
    • Fragmented, non-chronological forms.
    • Frustration of conventional expectations concerning unity and coherence of plot and character.
  • 5. Post-structuralism
    • Movement that encopasses the works of mid-20th-century intellectuals (mainly French):
    • Jacques Derrida
    • Michel Foucault
    • Gilles Deleuze
    • Judith Butler
    • Julia Kristeva
    • It is a body of distinct responses to Structuralism ( which argues that human culture may be understood by means of structure-modeled language) .
    • It questions the self-sufficiency of the structures and their supposed binary oppositions.
  • 6. Deconstruction
    • Deconstruction is a philosophy of meaning which deals with the ways meaning is constructed by writers, texts and readers.
    • To a deconstructionist, meaning includes what is left out of the text or ignored or silenced by it. Deconstruction resists logical definitions or explanations.
  • 7. Surrealism
    • Cultural movement that began in France in the 1920s, best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members.
    • Based on the belief in the superior realility of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought.
    • A revolution of language, ambiguous images. New techniques of composition.No logic of reasoning, free associations, the unconscious and psychologic repression are represented.
    • Breton – Magritte – Miró – Dalí and others.
  • 8. Pop Art Movement that emerged in the mid 1950s in Britain and U.S. It employs aspects of mass culture, such as advertising, comic books as opposed to elitist culture of art. It emphasizes the banal or kitsch elements through irony and parody. Andy Warhol is one of its most famous representatives.
  • 9. Punk
    • Sub-culture that appeared in the 70s in Britain and U.S.
    • Against stereotypes, mass culture and social conventions.
    • Emphasizes violence, an unconventional aesthetic.
    • Fast, hard-edged rock music, with anti-establishment lyrics: The Ramones, The Sex Pistols,The Clash, Iggy Pop.