Disaster risk reduction for development

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Effective disaster risk reduction is an avenue for development and unleashes opportunities

Effective disaster risk reduction is an avenue for development and unleashes opportunities

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  • 1. Disaster Risk Reduction Is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce  socio-economic vulnerabilities  the environmental and other hazards that trigger them
  • 2. Risk: is a function of the hazards to which a community is exposed, their vulnerabilities and capacity of that community to absorb the shock. Mathematically: Risk is proportional Hazard * Vulnerability Adaptive Capacity
  • 3. The amount of risk a community faces is determined by their individual and collective vulnerability Vulnerability is determined by:  exposure to hazard  sensitivity to hazard  adaptive capacity
  • 4. Who are the most vulnerable:  The poor  Women  The elderly  Children  People just recovering from shock  Communities that have not suffered similar shock in the past
  • 5. Disaster can throw people into poverty, especially repeat events It can cause  transitory poverty  or chronic poverty
  • 6. Disaster can make people:  Dispose their productive asset  Misuse their savings  Misappropriate and divert their income  Loan money from informal sectors at high interest rates
  • 7. Effective DRR entails:  Disaster preparation and awareness  Integrating disaster risk management into national development  Post disaster needs assessment  Improved disaster risk financing and insurance
  • 8. Development Benefits of Disaster Risk Reduction  Economic advancement  Job creation  Community cohesion  Reduced fatalities
  • 9. Development Benefits of Disaster Risk Reduction  Economic advancement  Job creation  Community cohesion  Reduced fatalities