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Theories of Child Development
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Theories of Child Development

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  • 1. Theories of child development Practice II, 2011
  • 2. Methodology
    • Methodology is based on theory and research.
    • If teachers understand how children learn, they can use this info to make their classes more effective.
    • Textbooks and curricula are based on theories of child development.
  • 3. Piaget and the language classroom
    • Children should only do tasks they are ready for.
    • Children need a physical connection to learning.
    • Lessons shouldn’t be too guided. Children need some place to learn for themselves.
    • They should solve problems, and not just listen and repeat.
  • 4. Lev Vigotsky and the role of language
    • Children use language not only to describe the world but as a thinking tool.
    • Learning is a social activity.
    • YLE’s interaction with adults, learners or older peers is critical for their learning.
    • Tasks a little beyond their learning ability generate a space called zone of proximal development (ZPD).
  • 5. Jerome Bruner
    • SCAFFOLDING: cognitive development takes place through language and in the company of helpful adults.
    • Adults model tasks and let children follow the model.
    • They also simplify them by breaking them down into smaller, easier steps.
  • 6. ROUTINES
    • Children learn through routines.
    • As routines are repeated, children are able to gradually assume more control and responsibility.
  • 7. THE SPIRAL CURRICULUM
    • Children learn best when they are exposed to a subject in many different ways.
    • This is called a spiral curriculum or RECYCLING.
    • Teachers move from simpler concepts to more complex ones.
    • They repeatedly link old information to new information.

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