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Theories of Child Development
 

Theories of Child Development

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    Theories of Child Development Theories of Child Development Presentation Transcript

    • Theories of child development Practice II, 2011
    • Methodology
      • Methodology is based on theory and research.
      • If teachers understand how children learn, they can use this info to make their classes more effective.
      • Textbooks and curricula are based on theories of child development.
    • Piaget and the language classroom
      • Children should only do tasks they are ready for.
      • Children need a physical connection to learning.
      • Lessons shouldn’t be too guided. Children need some place to learn for themselves.
      • They should solve problems, and not just listen and repeat.
    • Lev Vigotsky and the role of language
      • Children use language not only to describe the world but as a thinking tool.
      • Learning is a social activity.
      • YLE’s interaction with adults, learners or older peers is critical for their learning.
      • Tasks a little beyond their learning ability generate a space called zone of proximal development (ZPD).
    • Jerome Bruner
      • SCAFFOLDING: cognitive development takes place through language and in the company of helpful adults.
      • Adults model tasks and let children follow the model.
      • They also simplify them by breaking them down into smaller, easier steps.
    • ROUTINES
      • Children learn through routines.
      • As routines are repeated, children are able to gradually assume more control and responsibility.
    • THE SPIRAL CURRICULUM
      • Children learn best when they are exposed to a subject in many different ways.
      • This is called a spiral curriculum or RECYCLING.
      • Teachers move from simpler concepts to more complex ones.
      • They repeatedly link old information to new information.