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Lexis
 

Lexis

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    Lexis Lexis Presentation Transcript

    • LEXIS Chapter 2: Describing the English Language. Harmer (2007) Power Point prepared by Prof. Estela and Liliana Monserrat, UNLPam. Facultad de Cs. Humanas Departamento de Lenguas Extranjeras
    • LEXIS: Vocabulary of a language
      • Word meaning
      • Metaphors and idioms
      • Collocations
      • Lexical phrases
    • Word Meaning
      • Problem of polysemy , the same word can have many different meanings.
      • It can be resolved by seeing the word in context.
    • A word in relation to others
      • ANTONYMS: empty/full
      • SYNONYMS: dear/expensive/costly, slight changs of meaning: Semantic fields: see, watch, glance peer, stare.
      • HYPONYMY: Superordinate (fruit), hyponyms (orange, pear, peach, strawberry)
      • CONNOTATION: Dont’ be cheecky!
    • Metaphorical use of words:
      • The industry has promised to go green.
      • Einstein , who was believed to be dumb up to the age of 16, turned out to be a genius.
      • To get to the bank, turn right at the corner of Garibaldi and H. Lagos street.
    • Idioms and metaphors
      • Ophelia: ‘ Tis brief my lord.
      • Hamlet: As woman’s love.
      • Similes: ..be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou shall not escape calumny…To a nunnery go, and quickly too.. Why would thoust be a breeder of sinners?
    • Word combinations
      • Fast asleep, a light sleep, wide awake ( lexemes, Crystal 2003)
      • Clenched fist, but not clenched eyebrows…to frown
      • Lexical phases: traffic lights, workshop, homework.
      • Idiomatic expressions: fall in love, a close shave, an only child.
    • Michael Lewis (1993) The Lexical Approach
      • Lexical Units : I’ll become archetypal:
      • I’ll help you
      • I’ll give you a ring. (Formulaic language)
      • Phrasal verbs
      • We can use words as prefabricated chunks, or within templates provided by grammar.
      • Stephen Pinker (1999:26):” The mind analyses language as some mixture of memorised chunks and rule-governed assemblies”.
    • Bibliography
      • Harmer J. (2007) The Practice of the English Language , Pearson Longman